The climate of Enugu
Located in Nigeria
features a Tropical wet and dry climate according to the Köppen climate classification, also known as a savanna climate. This particular climate is characterized by a distinct wet and dry season. The city sits at the crossroads of warm temperature, seasonal rainfalls and abundant sunshine and daylight hours, leading to a climate that favors lush vegetation despite the presence of a dry season.
Temperature in Enugu varies consistently throughout the year, ranging from a low average of 20°C to a high average of 35°C. The warmest period in the city occurs from January
when temperature peaks at around 35°C. The relatively cooler months fall between July
, with averages around 30°C.
Rainfall patterns highlight the savannah climate with a clear demarcation between the wet and dry seasons. Rainfall fluctuates massively, ranging from the lowest of 8mm in December
to the highest of 292mm in September
. The city experiences minimal rainfall days during the beginning and end of the year with only one rainfall day in January, February
, and December. The wet season from May
to October sees an increased count, peaking at 18 rainfall days in September.
Sunshine and daylight hours are fairly stable throughout the year with daylight averaging around 12 hours and sunshine hours hovering between 3.8 and 7.3 hours. The longest sunshine duration is in November with 7.3 hours, while July and August
have the least with 3.8 hours.
The best time to visit Enugu
This weather data suggests that the best window to visit Enugu
is from November
. During these months, the city experiences the lowest rainfall with 8mm to 19mm and only one rainfall day, making outdoor activities pleasant and accessible. The temperature range is also enjoyable with high averages between 30°C to 35°C and low averages from 20°C to 23°C. Plus, visitors can enjoy approximately seven hours of sunshine daily.
The worst time to visit Enugu
Considering the climate data, the least favorable time to visit Enugu
would be from July
. These months mark the peak of the wet season, with the city receiving heavy rainfall from 237mm to 292mm and observing between 15 to 18 rainy days in a month. Additionally, these months record the shortest duration of sunshine, which is below 4 hours.
Spring weather in Enugu
The concept of spring does not apply to Enugu
due to its geographical location in the tropical climate zone, the city experiences only two major seasons: the wet and the dry season. The period from March
, which corresponds to spring in temperate regions, sees rising temperatures from 34°C to 35°C. Of note, precipitation also progressively increases during this period, rising from 15mm in February
to an impressive 217mm in May.
Summer weather in Enugu
In alignment with tropical climates, the typical summer months June
are characterized as part of the wet season. Rainfall is substantial during this period with averages ranging from 242mm in July to 292mm in September
. Simultaneously, average high temperatures hover around 30°C. While sunshine reduces to 3.8 hours per day in July and August, it increases to 4.1 hours in September.
Autumn weather in Enugu
Again, the concept of autumn is not applicable to Enugu
as it is situated in a tropical climate region. However, the corresponding period, September
, is known for a gradual decrease in rainfall from 292mm in September to a mere 12mm in November. Temperatures remain stable from 30°C to 33°C, and daylight lingers around 12 hours.
Winter weather in Enugu
Although the classic winter season does not occur, the corresponding months, December
, see a significant reduction in rainfall, reaching a low of 8mm in December. This period also records some of the highest temperatures, averaging a high of 34°C and a low of 20°C - 23°C. With around 7 hours of daily sunshine, it makes for an ideal time to visit or partake in outdoor activities.
Weather in January
, commences the year on a warm note, with the city's tropical monsoon climate bringing stable yet significant warmth. Modest temperature fluctuations within the month maintain the city's warm ambiance. With the maximum rainfall of just 19mm, January is the unbeaten driest month of the year. Weather in January »
Weather in February
Transiting from January
, there is a slight intensification of the general warmth with a perception of more consistent heat. Favorable sunlight hours typically grant February a jovial, warm and bright aura. The rainfall amount stays relatively low, standing at 15mm throughout the month, but slightly fewer than that in January. Weather in February »
Weather in March
Transitioning into March
experiences a substantial increase in precipitation - a notable shift from the previous two months. Daylight hours extend slightly to provide a cozy ambiance, complemented by expanded sunshine hours. Weather in March »
Weather in April
, humidity becomes more noticeable in Enugu
as rainfall significantly increases to 130mm. The persistent heat potentially heightens the sense of moisture in the air. Despite significant rainfall, daylight hours persistently expand, signifying the city's close proximity to the equator. Weather in April »
Weather in May
, in May
, continues to witness a rise in rainfall, hitting an annual high of 217mm. Simultaneously, a slight reduction in temperature and marginal contraction in daylight hours occur. Although temperatures remain high, May ushers in a subtle coolness not previously prevalent. Weather in May »
Weather in June
, the first month of the summer in Enugu
, is still a hot month, with an average temperature ranging between max 31°C and min 23°C. Enugu's average high-temperature in June is a still hot 31°C, indicating a subtle variation from May
. Weather in June »
Weather in July
, the same as June
, in Enugu
, is another tropical summer month, with temperature in the range of an average high of 30°C and an average low of 22°C. The coldest period, with an average high-temperature of 30°C, falls in July through September
. Weather in July »
Weather in August
maintains a close resemblance to July
's weather conditions, offering another month of consistent weather attributes. Precipitation happens cumulatively across 15 days, while sunshine hours remain static at 3.8 hours daily. Weather in August »
Weather in September
impresses with the highest amount of rainfall for the year, reaching an overwhelming 292mm within the month. The city, however, experiences a noticeable reduction in rainfall days from previous months. Although temperatures stagnate, the decrease in rainy days combined with an increase in sunshine hours, allows Enugu
to regain its sunnier outlook. Weather in September »
Weather in October
starts witnessing a decline in rainfall, both in volume and frequency, aiding the shift towards drier months. The increased sunshine and daylight hours assist in affirming the city's warm and inviting nature. Temperature scores indicate a slight rise, signifying the onset of the hotter season. Weather in October »
Weather in November
ushers in a stage of contrast in Enugu
's weather calendar, potentially marking the year's sunniest month gauged by the long 7.3 hours of daily sunshine. Conversely, this month witnesses a significant reduction in rainfall, settling at 12mm, spread over a single day. Weather in November »
Weather in December
Closing out the year, December
's sunny trend, offering 7 hours of daily sunshine. However, accompanied by the sharp dip in rainfall to 8mm, the lowest since the start of the year. The consistent temperature observed in November is maintained, ensuring that December retains a warm setting. Weather in December »