The climate of Lusaka
, the capital of Zambia
, features a Koppen climate classification of Cwa, indicative of a humid subtropical climate with winters being relatively dry. The geographical position of Lusaka in the tropical latitudinal range, influences significant climatic fluctuations throughout the year. An examination of the climatic averages reveals a considerable variation in temperature, rainfall, and humidity levels across the months.
High temperatures throughout the year vary from a moderate 22.4°C in the cooler July
to a sweltering 32.6°C in the hotter October
. Minimum temperatures follow a similar pattern, descending down to 10.5°C in July and soaring up to 19.3°C in November
. A noticeable plunge in the humidity index from 87% in February
to 35% in September
manifests the transition from wet to dry phases. Conversely, rainfall parameters change drastically with peak accumulation of 176mm in January
and February to virtually negligible precipitation in August
Exceptionally high amounts of sunshine characterize Lusaka's climate, with a substantial increase from 7.4 hours per day in February to 12.1 hours per day in October. The windy conditions reach their zenith in September with an average speed of 13.8km/h. Certain months represent unique weather patterns such as October with the highest temperature and September with the lowest humidity and rainfall but the strongest winds.
The best time to visit Lusaka
The ideal period to visit Lusaka
is between June
. During these months, moderate temperatures ranging from 22.7°C to 26.5°C coupled with low chances of rainfall and an excellent visibility of up to 10km, contribute towards favourable weather conditions. Moreover, the sunshine hours hover around a favourable 7.6 hours per day in August and the humidity levels are quite bearable, oscillating between 46% in August and 69% in June.
The worst time to visit Lusaka
The least desirable time for a visit to Lusaka
spans from December
. These months are marked by highest rainfall, with downpours reaching 176mm in January
and a high of 27.1 days of rain in the same month. Moreover, the humidity during these months is also at its peak, reaching 85% in December and 87% in February, and visibility drops to 7km in February due to increased moisture in the air.
Spring weather in Lusaka
Despite the reduction in rainfall from 73mm in March
to just 2mm in May
, spring in Lusaka
is characterized by moderate temperatures ranging from 24.8°C to 24.3°C. This comfortable climate is further accentuated by an increase in daylight hours. The relative humidity decreases from 84% in March to 69% in May, thereby decreasing the levels of discomfort generally associated with high humidity.
Summer weather in Lusaka
Summers in Lusaka
are typified by heavy rainfall, high humidity levels and reduced visibility. The temperatures during these months range from a high of 25.6°C to a low of 18.3°C. The high humidity level, reaching up to 87% in February with reduced daylight hours, can make outdoor activities uncomfortable.
Autumn weather in Lusaka
Autumn, spanning March
, marks a transition to pleasant weather in Lusaka
as the temperature starts to moderate. Despite a slight decline in daylight hours from 12.2 hours to 11.4 hours, it is compensated by comfortable temperatures ranging from 24.8°C to 22.7°C.
Winter weather in Lusaka
experiences winter during June
. These months are characterized by a slight dip in temperatures from 11°C to 10.5°C along with negligible rainfall. The pleasant winter months receive an ample amount of sunshine and comfortable humidity levels, making it one of the best times to explore the city for travellers.
Weather in January
Initiating the weather cycle, January
is quite humid with a relative humidity of 85%. It may be experienced as the soggiest month, given its high volume of precipitation with 176mm of rainfall spread across 27.1 days. Weather in January »
Weather in February
Moving into February
follows a similar pattern to January
, though there is a noticeable drop in rainfall to 129mm. Temperatures remain relatively stable with slight reductions across the board, maintaining the feel of the summer season. Weather in February »
Weather in March
is characterized by a shift towards drier conditions as rainfall volumes drop significantly to 73mm. This trend accompanies a reduction in average low temperature to 17.1°C, though the daytime highs remain in a similar range to February
. Weather in March »
Weather in April
heralds a more pronounced departure from summer as the average low temperature drops to 15.3°C. This is the driest month of the year with a rainfall of only 25mm, a stark contrast to the heavy showers of the initial months. Weather in April »
Weather in May
brings distinctive change with a sharp decrease in humidity to 69%, clearly distinguishing it from the preceding months. The cooling trend enhances, with nighttime temperatures falling to 12.9°C. Despite this, daytime highs remain in quite a warm range, preserving a balance in thermal conditions. Weather in May »
Weather in June
consultations clearly place the city in the winter territory with an average low-temperature dipping to 10.8°C. It also sees a further drop in humidity to 65%. Rainfall is nearly absent, featuring only 2mm throughout the month. Weather in June »
Weather in July
is the heart of winter, presenting the lowest average temperature for the year at 10.5°C. Despite this, it retains a largely dry character, with a minimal 1mm of rainfall. The winter sun spends 7.4 hours per day shining on Lusaka
. Weather in July »
Weather in August
Moving into August
experiences a slight rise in the average low-temperature to 12.7°C, indicating the near end of the winter season. Another characteristic of this month is no rainfall, further enhancing the dry winter environment. Weather in August »
Weather in September
is the turning point where winter blends into summer, presenting extended sunshine hours and a pleasant hike in temperature to an average 15.9°C on the lower end. Still carrying the dry trend of winter, this month sees no rainfall, extending the dry spell for outdoor enthusiasts. Weather in September »
Weather in October
marks the onset of summer with temperatures reaching a warm 30.5°C, presenting quite a contrast with the lower limit of 18.5°C. Rainfall occurs on an average of 2.5 days. It is the time of year for long sunny days with an average of 12.1 sunshine hours per day. Weather in October »
Weather in November
continues with the summer spirit, presenting temperatures peaking at 30.1°C. However, with the onset of the rain season, there is a significant increase in rainfall to 83mm. The days are long and sun-filled, ensuring a continuous stream of natural light. Weather in November »
Weather in December
The last month of the calendar year, December
, comes with a continued trend of summer temperatures, settling to a warm 27.4°C. With increased rainfall reaching 145mm, it embodies the ambiance of monsoons. The winter sun shines brightly, offering 9.7 hours of sunlight per day. Weather in December »