The climate of Austria
has a mainly continental climate, with warm, wet summers and cold, dry winters. A humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) dominates the northern and eastern regions. Significant portions of the north-central, central, southern, and western regions have an oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb). A predominantly alpine climate (Köppen Dfc, Köppen EF, Köppen ET) is evident in the mountainous region of the Alps. Austria is a landlocked country in south-central Europe. Hungary lies in the east, Slovenia and Italy in the south and Switzerland and Liechtenstein in the west of Austria. Germany in the northwest, the Czech Republic in the north, and Slovakia in the northeast complete the remaining borders. The Alps, the Atlantic pressure systems from the northwest, and the Mediterranean pressure systems from the south, chiefly influence the climate.
Austria is a mountainous country that lies between 46°N and 49°N in central Europe. The Eastern Alps is the largest region that comprises 62% of Austria's total area. The foothills at the base of the Alps and those engulfing the Pannonian plains account for another 24%. The Austrian granite plateau in the north, home to a large mountain area, occupies 10% of the land. The Vienna basin completes the remaining 4% of Austria. The Danube, the largest river at 1786 miles, flows from west to east into the Black Sea. Lake Constance is the largest lake with an area of 220 square miles. The Grossglockner is the highest mountain in Austria at 3798 meters above sea level. Lake Neusiedl is the lowest point in Austria at 115 meters above the Adriatic Sea.
Summers are warm in the plains and valleys of Austria but tend to be cool in the mountains. The average high temperatures remain between 21.1°C (70°F) in the mountains to 27.2°C (81°F) in the plains at the peak of July
. Temperatures above 32.2°C (90°F) are rare. Thunderstorms are standard in the summer. Winters are cold and snowy. The average low temperatures are below freezing in many places and drop below -17.8°C (-0°F) in the Alps in January
. Snowfall is massive in the mountains and regularly crosses 5080mm (200") at an altitude above 2000 meters. Fog is standard in the valleys such as the Danube, along with low clouds. At least 7 days witness fog every month in the winter. Spring is cold in the first half but warm and moist by the second half. Autumn changes from wet and warm in September
to cold and dry by the end of November
. The warm Fohn wind from the Mediterranean south moderates the temperatures in the winter. The cold Bora wind from the east brings freezing temperatures in Austria.
The annual rainfall in Austria ranges from 762mm (30") to 1524mm (60"). Nauders receives 635mm (25"), and Bregenz registers 1524mm (60") in the western region. Villach gets 1092.2mm (43"), and Admont receives 1295.4mm (51") in the southern and central regions. In the northern and eastern regions, Vienna gets 660.4mm (26"), and Linz registers 863.6mm (34"). Summer is the wettest season, and winter is the driest season. Snowfall is substantial, with permanent glaciation in alpine regions. Much of Austria receives at least 762mm (30") to 1016mm (40") of snow and clocks 30 snowy days in the year. Many areas receive between 2540mm (100") to 4318mm (170"), with at least 120 days of snow. Sonnblick Mountains receive a massive 21031.2mm (828"), and the snow remains on the ground throughout the year. The annual average sunshine is in the moderate range of 1500 hours to 2000 hours. November to January sees hardly 3 hours of sun. The relative humidity ranges between 55% and 95%.
The highest temperature on record in Austria is 40.5°C (104.9°F) in Bad Deutsch-Altenburg, set on August
8, 2013. The lowest temperature on record is -52.6°C (-62.7°F) in Grunlochdoline, set on February
The best time to visit Austria
The best time to visit Austria
in the late spring season, June
in the summer, and September
in the early autumn. The temperatures are mild, and the precipitation is moderate at best, with pleasant breezes and fewer crowds. Summer sees high temperatures and much of the annual precipitation in Austria. The peak tourist season attracts crowds between June and August
, which is also the best time to visit the mountains. Ski holidays are also possible in May when the temperatures are mild, but there is ample snow on the ground. September has beautiful colors, and the ample sunshine keeps the winter cold away.
The worst time to visit Austria
The worst time to visit Austria
is in the severely cold winter season from December
. Nights frequently drop below the freezing mark in the plains and are severe at high altitudes. Mountains see snow on the ground for months together. Ice storms are frequent, and the gusty winds exacerbate the cold. Winter has little remain but ample snow. The skies are dark, and the weak sunshine hardly lasts for more than 3 hours a day. February has moderate sunshine and fair weather for a ski holiday in the winter.
is prone to weather hazards, such as wildfires, floods, and earthquakes. Wildfires mostly occur between late spring and early autumn when the temperatures are high. The low-lying areas are prone to floods due to the melting of the snow in late spring and summer seasons. Thunderstorms are frequent in the mountains during the summer. The Danube basin incurs substantial damage due to floods, such as in 1965, 2002, and 2005. Landslides, avalanches, and earthquakes are frequent due to the mountainous nature of the country.
Weather in January
is the coldest month of the year in Austria
by far, with cold days and nights below freezing. Vienna, the capital in the east, has a mean monthly temperature of 0.6°C (33.1°F), while Klagenfurt in the south registers -3.3°C (26.1°F). Weather in January »
Weather in February
is cold and snowy in Austria
, with hardly 4 hours of daily sunshine. The Tyrol region in the west receives 50.8mm (2") to 101.6mm (4") of precipitation and 508mm (20") to 762mm (30") of snow. Salzburg receives 238.8mm (9.4"), and Saint Wolfgang accumulates 226.1mm (8.9"), while Schmittenhohe registers heavy snowfall of 904.2mm (35.6"). The average temperatures in Admont are in the freezing range of -6.1°C (21°F) to 3.3°C (37.9°F), while Villach is slightly warm between -4.4°C (24.1°F) and 5.6°C (42.1°F). Weather in February »
Weather in March
is early spring season in Austria
, which begins with a promise to end the winter cold. The average high temperatures rise above freezing to register in the 2.2°C (36°F) to 11.1°C (52°F). Nights remain below freezing between -6.1°C (21°F) and 1.7°C (35.1°F) in most regions. Weather in March »
Weather in April
is cold to mild in the spring season in Austria
, with a significant rise in temperatures. The average high temperatures are in the comfortable zone of 9.4°C (48.9°F) to 16.7°C (62.1°F). The average high temperatures are in the comfortable zone of 9.4°C (48.9°F) to 16.7°C (62.1°F). Weather in April »
Weather in May
is pleasant in Austria
as the late spring season ushers plenty of sunshine. The average high temperatures are in the warm range of 10°C (50°F) to 21.7°C (71.1°F). Afternoons are sunny, and the long evenings end with more than 15 hours and 40 minutes of daylight. Weather in May »
Weather in June
is warm and sunny in Austria
at the beginning of the summer season. The average high temperatures range between a glorious 14.4°C (57.9°F) to 23.9°C (75°F) and the nights are cold to mild between 4.4°C (39.9°F) to 13.9°C (57°F). The daily sunshine is warm and beautiful and lasts for 6 hours to 8 hours. Weather in June »
Weather in July
is the warmest and wettest month of the year in Austria
. The average high temperatures cross 26.7°C (80.1°F) in Vienna, Neusiedl am See, Klagenfurt, Villach, and many other places on the plains. Nights remain between 10°C (50°F) to 15.6°C (60.1°F) in low-lying areas. Weather in July »
Weather in August
is warm and sunny in Austria
, with 8 hours of bright daily sunshine in the plains. Vienna registers average temperatures in the beautiful 15.6°C (60.1°F) to 26.1°C (79°F) range and moderate rainfall of 71.1mm (2.8"). Salzburg is between 13.9°C (57°F) to 24.4°C (75.9°F) and registers 13 wet days that bring 165.1mm (6.5") of rain in the month. August is the perfect time to explore the mountains, which are warm in the day and cool at night. Weather in August »
Weather in September
is warm in Austria
at the beginning of the colorful autumn season. The average high temperatures are in the comfortable range of 12.8°C (55°F) to 21.1°C (70°F). Nights are cold to mild in the range of 3.3°C (37.9°F) to 11.7°C (53.1°F). Weather in September »
Weather in October
is mild to cold in Austria
, with a rapid drop in temperatures. The autumn is in full splendor, but the daylight reduces sharply to register only 10 hours by the end of the month. The moderate sunshine lasts between 4 hours and 5 hours and is insufficient to keep warmth for long. Weather in October »
Weather in November
is cold at the end of the autumn in Austria
. The skies are gray with hardly 2 hours of daily sunshine and less than 9 hours of daylight in the latter half of the month. The average high temperatures are mild at best and lie between 1.1°C (34°F) and 8.3°C (46.9°F). Weather in November »
Weather in December
is the beginning of the icy and dry winter in Austria
. The average low temperatures range between a frigid -12.8°C (9°F) in Sonnblick Mountain to a cold -0.6°C (30.9°F) in Bregenz. The average high temperatures are in the zone of -8.3°C (17.1°F) to 4.4°C (39.9°F) and remain below freezing in many regions. Weather in December »