is a south-central Asian nation, officially titled the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. With an area of 56,977 square miles (147,570 sq km) and an estimated population of 171,704,000 in 2022, it is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Its capital city is Dhaka, and the majority of its people are Bengali.
The landscape of Bangladesh is largely flat, with its highest point rising over 1,000 feet (305 m) above sea level. It is characterized by its alluvial plains that are divided by several connecting rivers, including the Ganges (known here as the Padma) and the Brahmaputra (or Jamuna). While the country has a primarily agricultural economy, it often relies on imported food.
Monsoonal rains occur in Bangladesh from May
and can lead to flooding, resulting in crop damage and loss of life. In 1970 and 1991, cyclones killed some 300,000 and 140,000 people respectively. Bangladesh is a unitary multiparty republic with one legislative body. Its head of state is the president, and its head of government is the prime minister.
Other facts about Bangladesh include: official language is Bengali (Bangla), official religion is Islam, currency is the taka, population rank in 2022 is 8th, population projection for 2030 is 183,691,000, density persons per sq mi (2022) is 2,990.2, density persons per sq km (2022) is 1,163.5, urban-rural population is 36.6%/63.4%, life expectancy at birth (male 2016) is 70.3 years and (female 2016) is 72.9 years, literacy percentage of population age 15 and over (male 2020) is 78% and (female 2020) is 72%, Gni (U.S.$ ’000,000 2020) is 330,628, and Gni per capita (U.S.$ 2020) is 2,010.