Climate and monthly weather forecast
Czech Republic

Flag of Czech Republic
Flag of Czech Republic

The climate of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic has a mainly temperate oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), with warm, wet summers and cold, snowy winters. A significant portion of the country experiences a warm-summer humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb). The high mountain slopes are subarctic (Köppen Dfc), and the climate is alpine (Köppen ET) above the tree line. The Czech Republic lies in central Europe and shares borders with Poland to the northeast, Slovakia in the southeast, Austria in the south, and Germany to the west. The temperate latitudes and presence of mountain ranges chiefly influence the climate.

The Czech Republic is a landlocked country, between latitudes 48°N and 51°N. The landscape is diverse, with a large percentage of hilly regions. Much of the country lies between altitudes of 200 meters to 500 meters. The western section of Bohemia consists of low mountains engulfing plateaus, rolling plains, and hills. The Elbe and Vltava rivers flow through the low mountains of the Krkonose range of the Sudetes. The eastern region of Moravia is mostly hilly and mountainous. The Morava and Oder rivers drain the eastern part. Most of the rivers flow into the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea, and the North Sea. Snezka is the highest peak in the Czech Republic at 1603 meters above sea level. The Elbe River is the lowest point at 115 meters.

The best time to visit the Czech Republic

The best time to visit the Czech Republic is from May in late spring to September in early autumn. Day temperatures during the warmest part of the year range between 18.9°C (66°F) and 30°C (86°F). Nights are mild to cool and usually between 7.8°C (46°F) to 15.6°C (60.1°F). Sunny days are numerous, but bouts of rain and thunderstorms occur frequently. Summer sees peak temperatures and 7 hours of daily sunshine in many parts of the country. The conditions stabilize by late May, and cold fronts are rare compared to the early spring season. September is pleasant, with at least 6 hours of sunshine every day and comfortable temperatures.

The worst time to visit the Czech Republic

The worst time to visit the Czech Republic is during the cold winter from December to February. Temperatures are below freezing in many areas, even during the day. Heavy snowfall occurs in the high mountains. Prague registers average temperatures between -3.9°C (25°F) to 2.8°C (37°F) in the winter. Mount Praded, at 1500 meters, records frigid temperatures between -7.8°C (18°F) to -2.8°C (27°F). The days are cloudy, and the humidity is at the highest of the year. The sunshine is feeble and lasts hardly for 2 hours in many regions. The daylight lasts for only 8 hours in December.

Spring weather in the Czech Republic

Spring in the Czech Republic is a time of transition, especially in its initial stages. While warm days offer glimpses of the summer ahead, they frequently alternate with colder ones. Frost and snow in the highlands, particularly in April, are not uncommon. However, as May progresses, the frequency of sunny days increases, although the sun's intensity remains moderate. Despite its variability, spring slowly heralds the warmer months and prepares the landscape for the forthcoming summer.

Summer weather in the Czech Republic

Summers in the Czech Republic are marked by warmth, with average highs across regions spanning between 20°C (68°F) and 30°C (86°F). Lowland areas experience pleasant temperatures, mostly from 12.8°C (55°F) to 23.9°C (75°F). While mid-summer days can occasionally feel cool, the overall ambiance remains inviting. The season also witnesses a substantial amount of sunshine, ensuring vibrant and sunny days, especially in June. However, afternoon showers and thunderstorms are not unusual and can punctuate the otherwise sunny days.

Autumn weather in the Czech Republic

Autumn begins pleasantly in September, but as the season progresses, temperatures begin to dip. By October, the thermometer often reads below 15°C (59°F) and, by November, freezing temperatures become a regular occurrence. The climate turns cloudy and rainy during the latter half of the season, signaling the imminent arrival of winter. Despite the cooling conditions, the fall foliage offers a visually enchanting experience, painting the landscape in hues of gold and red.

Winter weather in the Czech Republic

Winter in the Czech Republic is characterized by its cold, cloudy nature. While the mountains are blanketed with heavy snow, even the lowlands occasionally witness light snowfall. January is typically the coldest month, with temperatures frequently plunging below the freezing point. The average annual temperature at Snezka's peak stands at -0.6°C (30.9°F), exemplifying the country's chilly winter conditions. In addition to the cold, the country experiences a high relative humidity level, peaking during this season, adding to the crisp winter atmosphere.

Weather in January

January in the Czech Republic is synonymous with winter's chill. Being typically the coldest month of the year, the country sees a substantial temperature drop, often below the freezing point. In areas like Prague, the capital, temperatures typically fluctuate from -3.9°C (25°F) to 2.8°C (37°F). Weather in January »

Weather in February

February in the Czech Republic carries forward the wintry vibes of January, though signs of an imminent transition to spring subtly emerge. Temperatures, while still nestled in the cold spectrum, hint at a slight increase. In urban hubs like Prague, average temperatures oscillate between -2°C (28.4°F) to 4°C (39.2°F). Weather in February »

Weather in March

March in the Czech Republic marks a tangible shift from the biting cold of winter towards the onset of spring. The days become noticeably longer, and the country begins to witness a gradual climb in temperatures. Urban regions such as Prague experience temperatures ranging from 1°C (33.8°F) to 8°C (46.4°F). Weather in March »

Weather in April

April in the Czech Republic is emblematic of spring in full bloom, with nature reawakening after the long winter slumber. Temperatures in this month see a more significant increase, lending a mildness to the air. In metropolitan areas, notably Prague, one can expect temperatures to vary from 5°C (41°F) to 15°C (59°F). Weather in April »

Weather in May

May stands as one of the most favored months in the Czech Republic, reflecting the full vibrancy of spring before the threshold of summer. The ambient warmth becomes more pronounced during this period. In urban precincts such as Prague, temperatures comfortably range from 10°C (50°F) to 20°C (68°F). Weather in May »

Weather in June

June in the Czech Republic heralds the commencement of the much-anticipated summer season. It's a month that sees consistent warmth and long daylight hours, celebrating the zenith of the year. Prague, the capital, witnesses temperatures that typically range from 14°C (57.2°F) to 25°C (77°F). Weather in June »

Weather in July

July holds the distinction of being the warmest month in the Czech Republic's calendar. It encapsulates the peak of summer with the country bathing in warmth, vibrant landscapes, and extended daylight hours. Metropolitan areas, particularly Prague, experience temperatures ranging from 16°C (60.8°F) to 30°C (86°F), the upper limit being some of the year's highest temperatures. Weather in July »

Weather in August

As August unfolds in the Czech Republic, the resonance of summer remains evident, albeit with subtle hints of the impending autumn. The month continues the trend of warm, sunny days, but temperatures begin a gradual descent towards its end. Weather in August »

Weather in September

September in the Czech Republic introduces the early hues of autumn, a period characterized by milder temperatures, golden landscapes, and shorter daylight hours. Prague, as a representation of urban regions, records temperatures from 11°C (51.8°F) to 24°C (75.2°F). Weather in September »

Weather in October

October in the Czech Republic marks a deeper immersion into autumn, presenting a shift from the mildness of September to cooler and shorter days. Prague's temperature spectrum narrows to between 6°C (42.8°F) and 17°C (62.6°F), providing a distinct chill in the air, especially during mornings and evenings. Weather in October »

Weather in November

November in the Czech Republic underscores the country's transition from autumn to the early stages of winter. In urban areas, including the capital Prague, temperatures start to hover closer to the freezing point, oscillating from 1°C (33.8°F) to 8°C (46.4°F). Weather in November »

Weather in December

December ushers in winter's full embrace in the Czech Republic. In bustling centers like Prague, temperatures typically fluctuate from -2°C (28.4°F) to 4°C (39.2°F). Yet, the lofty terrains closer to Mount Praded are more frigid, registering temperatures from -5°C (23°F) to 1°C (33.8°F), emphasizing the icy grip of winter in these higher altitudes. The sun becomes an infrequent visitor during December. Weather in December »

Czech Republic

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