is a small African country located in the east of the continent, on the Gulf of Aden at the entrance to the Red Sea. It covers an area of 8,880 square miles (23,000 km2) and has an estimated population of 1,017,000 as of 2022. The capital of Djibouti is also called Djibouti.
The majority of the population is composed of Issas and related Somali clans, Afars make up around one-third of the population, while the rest of the population consists of Yemeni Arabs and Europeans, mostly French. The official languages are French and Arabic. Islam is the predominant religion.
Djibouti is divided into three main regions: the coastal plain, the volcanic plateaus in the south and centre, and the mountain ranges in the north, with the highest point being Mount Moussa at 6,654 ft (2,028 m). The land is mostly desert - hot, dry, and desolate; only a small portion is arable.
The economy of Djibouti is largely based on trade and commercial services, centred around Djibouti City. The country has a multiparty republic government, with the president as the head of state and government and the prime minister as his assistant.
Djibouti is an emerging market economy that is slowly growing. It is still a relatively poor country and its development is hindered by a lack of resources and infrastructure. However, the government is taking steps to improve the economy and to create more opportunities for its citizens.