is a small yet vibrant country in Central America. It is bordered by Guatemala to the west, Honduras to the north and east, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an area of 8,124 square miles (21,041 sq km), it is the smallest and most densely populated of all the Central American countries.
The landscape of El Salvador is divided into two volcanic mountain ranges and a narrow coastal region with a high central plain in the south. The climate varies from hot and wet in the lowlands to cooler and wetter in the highlands. Cloud forests are the predominant feature at higher elevations.
The majority of El Salvador's population is made up of mestizos, with most of the remainder being Indians. Spanish is the official language, and Christianity - primarily Roman Catholicism but also Protestant and other Christian denominations - is the predominant religion.
The economy of El Salvador relies heavily on services, trade, manufacturing and agriculture. Coffee, sugar cane and cotton are the main export crops, while remittances from Salvadorans living in the US are among the country’s largest sources of income.
El Salvador is a democratic republic with one legislative house. Its head of state and government is the president.
In summary, El Salvador is a small yet fascinating country in Central America with a diverse population, varied geography and a developing economy.