is a West African nation situated along the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. It is made up of two main regions - the mainland region and the island of Bioko, which includes several other small islands. The country has a population of around 1.6 million people, most of whom are Bantu-speaking Fang people. There are also minority groups of other ethnicities. Spanish and French are the official languages, while Fang, Bubi, and other languages are also spoken. Christianity, particularly Roman Catholicism, is the predominant religion, but there is also a significant Muslim population as well as traditional beliefs being practiced.
The mainland is located south of the Bight of Biafra and consists of a narrow coastal plain with low cliffs, hills, and plateaus. Bioko features extinct volcanic cones, crater lakes, and rich lava soils. The tropical rainforest that covers much of the mainland is home to valuable hardwoods.
Cacao, timber, and coffee have traditionally been important exports for Equatorial Guinea, though since the 1990s petroleum has become the major export. The nation is a republic with one legislative house, and the president is the head of state, with the prime minister serving as the head of government.
Equatorial Guinea's total land area is 28,052 square kilometers (10,831 square miles). Its 2020 gross national income was 8,145 million U.S. dollars, with a per capita income of 5,810 U.S. dollars. The estimated life expectancy at birth in 2019 was 64.1 years for males and 66.6 years for females. The literacy rate among those aged 15 and over was 97% for males and 91% for females in 2010.