Climate and monthly weather forecast

Flag of Eritrea
Flag of Eritrea

The climate of Eritrea

Eritrea, located in the Horn of Africa, is characterized by a diverse landscape that includes sandy coastal plains, expansive highlands, and vast desert areas. This geographical diversity greatly influences the climate of Eritrea, resulting in a range of weather conditions across the country. The country primarily experiences a hot semi-arid or hot desert climate, with the temperatures moderated in the highlands. Throughout the year, Eritrea's weather varies from very hot and dry in the coastal regions, moderately warm in the western lowlands, and pleasantly temperate in the highlands. May and June typically record the highest temperatures, reaching from 27°C (80.6°F) to 30°C (86°F).

The best time to visit Eritrea

The ideal time to visit Eritrea is during the cooler months, between October and March. During this period, temperatures remain relatively low, especially in the highlands, with an average temperature of about 24°C (75.2°F). The cool weather during these months also coincides with the dry season, making it a perfect time for outdoor activities and sightseeing. Coastal areas, while hotter, offer attractive beaches and diving opportunities, especially around Massawa and the Dahlak Archipelago.

The worst time to visit Eritrea

The period from May to September generally marks the worst time to visit Eritrea. These months see the peak of the hot season, with temperatures in lowland areas soaring well above 40°C (104°F). Moreover, this period coincides with the rainy season, particularly in the highlands and western lowlands. Traveling during this time could be hindered due to heavy rains, high humidity, and potential flooding.

Spring weather in Eritrea

In Eritrea, spring typically runs from March to May. The weather during this period can be quite variable. Coastal regions start to heat up, with temperatures often exceeding 30°C (86°F). The highlands, however, remain relatively cool, with temperatures ranging from 20°C (68°F) to 25°C (77°F). Rainfall is sporadic but starts to increase, particularly towards the end of the season.

Summer weather in Eritrea

Summer in Eritrea, extending from June to August, is characterized by high temperatures and rainfall. The coastal and western lowland regions experience the brunt of the heat, with temperatures frequently surpassing 40°C (104°F). The highlands receive most of the country's rainfall during this period, often resulting in cooler temperatures, averaging 25°C (77°F).

Autumn weather in Eritrea

Autumn in Eritrea, from September to November, signals a transition from the hot, rainy summer to a cooler, drier winter. Temperatures begin to fall gradually across the country, though they still remain high in the lowlands. The highlands start drying out after the heavy summer rains, with average temperatures dropping to 20°C (68°F).

Winter weather in Eritrea

Winter in Eritrea, from December to February, is relatively mild compared to many other regions. Coastal areas experience a warm winter, with temperatures averaging 27°C (80.6°F). The highlands, however, can get quite cold, with temperatures ranging from 15°C (59°F) to 20°C (68°F). Precipitation is low, making it the driest part of the year throughout the country.

Weather in January

January marks the height of winter in Eritrea, offering varying climatic conditions across the country due to its diverse geography. It is considered one of the cooler months in the country, though "cool" in Eritrea still constitutes relatively warm temperatures for those from more temperate climates. In the coastal city of Massawa, January is typically warm with temperatures averaging 28°C (82.4°F), making it quite pleasant for those who enjoy basking in moderate warmth. Weather in January »

Weather in February

In Eritrea, February signals a continuation of the winter season but with a gradual increase in temperature across different parts of the country. The country's diverse geography results in varied weather conditions across its regions, from the coastal plains to the highlands and the western lowlands. In Massawa, located along the Red Sea coast, February sees temperatures that average around 30°C (86°F), slightly higher than January. Weather in February »

Weather in March

As Eritrea transitions into spring, the weather in March begins to warm up throughout the country, although rainfall remains sparse, continuing the arid conditions typical of the region. In coastal cities like Massawa, March sees a further rise in temperatures, with averages climbing to 32°C (89.6°F). Weather in March »

Weather in April

April in Eritrea marks a distinct shift towards warmer weather as spring takes hold across the country. The geographical diversity of the nation leads to varying climatic conditions from the coastal areas to the highlands and lowlands. In coastal Massawa, the average temperature in April tends to reach around 35°C (95°F). Weather in April »

Weather in May

May in Eritrea heralds the onset of summer, characterized by a substantial increase in temperatures across the nation. The country's diverse topography continues to play a role in the varying climatic conditions observed in different regions. The coastal city of Massawa experiences some of the highest temperatures during May, with averages soaring to 37°C (98.6°F). Weather in May »

Weather in June

In Eritrea, June marks the full swing of summer, often considered one of the hottest months of the year. The various regions of the country continue to experience divergent climatic conditions due to their distinct geographical characteristics. Massawa, along the coastal region, bears the brunt of the summer heat. Weather in June »

Weather in July

In July, Eritrea's weather offers a mix of continued summer heat and the beginning of the rainy season, especially in the highland regions. The country's varied geography continues to shape the climate across its different regions. The coastal city of Massawa experiences extreme heat during July, with average temperatures reaching around 40°C (104°F). Weather in July »

Weather in August

August in Eritrea offers a contrast of climates. While the coastal and lowland regions continue to experience the intense heat of summer, the highlands are in the midst of their rainy season. This variety is a testament to Eritrea's diverse geography. The coastal city of Massawa continues to endure extreme heat in August, with average temperatures hovering around 40°C (104°F). Weather in August »

Weather in September

September in Eritrea signals a subtle transition from the peak of summer towards the slightly cooler conditions of autumn. The weather continues to differ significantly across the country's diverse regions, dictated by their unique geographical characteristics. In the coastal city of Massawa, September continues to see high temperatures, averaging 37°C (98.6°F). Weather in September »

Weather in October

In October, Eritrea starts to transition into the milder temperatures of autumn. The month is characterized by clear skies across the country, following the end of the rainy season in the highlands. In the coastal region, Massawa sees temperatures reduce slightly, averaging 34°C (93.2°F). Weather in October »

Weather in November

November in Eritrea sees a further progression towards the cooler conditions of late autumn. The country's various regions continue to exhibit distinctive weather patterns shaped by their geographical diversity. The coastal city of Massawa experiences a noticeable reduction in temperature compared to the peak summer months. Weather in November »

Weather in December

December in Eritrea signifies the advent of winter, marked by further cooling across the country's varied landscapes. Despite this, temperatures remain relatively mild in comparison to typical winter conditions in many other countries. In the coastal city of Massawa, December sees temperatures dropping further, averaging 28°C (82.4°F). Weather in December »
Updated: May 24, 2024 | Published by: Weather Atlas | Resources


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