The climate of Georgia
climate ranges from oceanic (Köppen climate classification Cfb) in the extreme northeast to humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa) in the rest of the state. Summers are humid and range from warm to cool, while winters are short and mild to cold. Georgia lies in the southeastern corner of the United States. South Carolina to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast, Florida to the south, Alabama to the west, Tennessee to the northeast, and North Carolina to the northwest, share borders with the state. The proximity to the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean mainly influences the climate.
Georgia, the Peach State, has an elevation ranging from sea level in the southeast corner to 1458 meters at its highest point of Brasstown Bald. The Blue Ridge Province in the northeastern part of the state has forest-covered mountains and narrow valleys. The Valley and Ridge Province in the northwest consists of flat valleys separated by steep wooded ridges. The Piedmont Plateau has steep hilly terrain in the north that changes to rolling hills in the south. The Fall line separates the plateau from the coastal plain and is the head of navigation of major rivers. The Coastal Plain ranges from rolling hills to level land, with marshy and densely wooded areas. Sandy to clay loam soils yield much of the state's agricultural produce.
Summers are warm and humid, with average high temperatures from 72°F (22.2°C) in the northeast hilly region to 82°F (27.8°C) in the south. Southern Georgia is relatively warmer with high temperatures in the 90°F (32.2°C) to 100°F (37.8°C) zone during the summer that occasionally touches 110°F (43.3°C). Winter temperatures vary from north to south and day to day in all parts of the state. Freezing temperatures range from 110 days annually in the north to 10 days along the coast. Day temperatures during the winter are above freezing in the southern three-fourth, even during the coldest conditions. Autumn is the driest season, along with late spring in April
. The mild and sunny weather in the autumn is ideal for the harvest of crops.
The average annual rainfall in Georgia is 48" (1219mm) and varies from 45" (1143mm) in the central and eastern parts to 53" (1346mm) in the south, and 75" (1905mm) in the northeast. The distribution of rainfall is highly variable in different sections of the state, with two maxima and two minima annually. Winter and early spring constitute one maximum and midsummer the other. The relative humidity is high and drops from 85% in the morning to 55% in the afternoon during the summer. Snowfall is light in the majority of the state and up to 5" (127mm) in the northern mountains. The average annual sunshine lasts for 2756 hours in Georgia.
Louisville recorded the highest temperature in Georgia of 112°F (44.4°C) on July
24, 1952, while the coldest temperature on record is -17°F (-27.2°C) in northern Floyd County on January
The best time to visit Georgia
The best time to visit Georgia
is during the autumn when the weather is mild and sunny. Additionally, the driest period of the year occurs in the fall season, with pleasant outdoor conditions. The storm season is over, the mornings are beautiful, and the evenings tend to be breezy. There are colorful hues all over the landscape, and the weather is fit for hiking the mountain trails. Northern hilly areas tend to be colder than the rest of the state. Fishing and hunting are popular with plenty of sunlight during the mild days.
The worst time to visit Georgia
The worst time to visit Georgia
is during the oppressive heat of summer during July
. It is also the time of heavy rainfall due to the frequent occurrence of thunderstorms. The southern sections of the state often experience temperatures north of 100°F (37.8°C), and the high humidity makes the conditions uncomfortable. Tropical storms moving from the Gulf of Mexico are frequent during spring and extend to midsummer. Summer vacations draw crowds everywhere, and it is a good idea to visit Georgia after the end of the summer.
is prone to thunderstorms, floods, droughts, and tropical storms. Thunderstorms are frequent in the summer due to the moist air from the Gulf of Mexico. Rainfall is mainly due to storm activity in the summer, which keeps the afternoon heat tolerable. Americus registered a 24-hour record rainfall of 21.1" (536mm) during the tropical storm Alberto on July
5, 1994. Floods are common during winter and early spring. Droughts occasionally occur in the east-central portions where the rainfall is typically low. Irregular rainfall distribution is damaging to crops in some parts every year. Eighteen tornadoes occur on an average annually, with the highest frequency in spring.
Weather in January
is usually the coldest month of the year in Georgia
, with occasional freezing nights. The temperatures differ significantly between the northern mountains and the coastal regions in the south. Day to day temperatures varies considerably in different sections of the state. Weather in January »
Weather in February
is mildly cold in Georgia
, with the average temperatures in the 28°F (-2.2°C) to 65°F (18.3°C) range. Savannah in the south is milder between 39°F (3.9°C) to 64°F (17.8°C) compared to Helen in the extreme northeast between 29°F (-1.7°C) to 54°F (12.2°C). Cabin rental rates are at the lowest at the peak of winter, with spectacular mountain views in Helen and Dahlonega. Weather in February »
Weather in March
is warm and wet with the arrival of the spring season in Georgia
. The majority of the state receives 4" (102mm) to 6" (152mm) of rainfall from 8 to 10 rainy days in the month. Snow is rare even in the mountains as bright sunshine descends over the landscape. The average high temperatures are between a lovely 60°F (15.6°C) to 73°F (22.8°C), with Columbus in the central region in the 46°F (7.8°C) to 70°F (21.1°C) zone. Weather in March »
Weather in April
is part of the beautiful spring season in Georgia
, with plenty of sunshine and a significant dip in rainfall. The precipitation usually lasts for 6 to 8 days in the month and rarely accumulates above 4" (102mm). Day temperatures are in the warm 68°F (20°C) to 79°F (26.1°C), and see a beeline for the coast. Weather in April »
Weather in May
is sunny at the end of the spring season in Georgia
. However, it is also the time of stormy weather, which can hamper vacation plans. The temperatures increase rapidly as the nights transition from mild to warm. The average high temperatures are in the warm 75°F (23.9°C) to 86°F (30°C) range, and there is little chance of a cold snap. Weather in May »
Weather in June
is the start of the hot and humid summer season in Georgia
, with long days amid soaring heat. Day temperatures are in the hot zone of 82°F (27.8°C) to 92°F (33.3°C), while nights are warm between 59°F (15°C) to 72°F (22.2°C). Weather in June »
Weather in July
is peak summer in Georgia
, with average temperatures soaring to a high of 92°F (33.3°C). The southern regions touch the 100°F (37.8°C) mark at the height of summer, as the heat becomes unbearable due to the additional factor of high humidity. Midsummer is the time of the second maxima of rainfall when the state receives 5" (127mm) to 7" (178mm). Weather in July »
Weather in August
is a hot and humid summer month in Georgia
, with the state in the grip of the intense sunshine. The average temperatures are in the warm 72°F (22.2°C) to hot 91°F (32.8°C) range, with oppressive heat due to the highest humidity of the year. August receives 6" (152mm) to 8" (203mm) of rainfall and is prone to thunderstorms and tropical storms. Weather in August »
Weather in September
is the start of the beautiful autumn season of Georgia
, with a steady drop in temperatures. The average high temperatures are in the warm 78°F (25.6°C) to the hot range of 87°F (30.6°C), while the average low temperatures are in the comfortable range of 61°F (16.1°C) to 71°F (21.7°C). Weather in September »
Weather in October
lies in the middle of the autumn season in Georgia
, with pleasant temperatures and is usually the driest part of the year. Precipitation registers between 2" (51mm) to 4" (102mm) with a decline in storm activity. The average temperatures are between a beautiful 58°F (14.4°C) to 78°F (25.6°C), with gentle breezes in the evening. Weather in October »
Weather in November
brings mild fall weather to Georgia
, with average temperatures in the 48°F (8.9°C) to 71°F (21.7°C) zone. The days are still long in the south, and the sunshine lasts for 6 to 7 hours. Augusta in central Georgia registers mild to warm temperatures between 41°F (5°C) to 69°F (20.6°C), with occasional cold nights. The air is crisp, and mornings and evenings are particularly pleasant. Weather in November »
Weather in December
is the beginning of the mild to the cold winter season in Georgia
, with average temperatures in the 34°F (1.1°C) to 65°F (18.3°C) range. Eight to ten sunny days occur in the month, and the temperatures are comfortable in the coastal areas. Weather in December »