is a British overseas territory located on the Mediterranean coast of southern Spain. It covers an area of 2.25 square miles (5.8 square kilometers) and is home to an estimated population of 34,003 people as of 2016. The narrow peninsula that makes up Gibraltar is just 3 miles (5 km) long and 0.75 miles (1.2 km) wide and is known for its sheer, inaccessible cliffs. This has made it an important strategic location throughout history.
Gibraltar is home to a British air and naval base which guards the Strait of Gibraltar, and is also home to Europe’s only free-living monkeys, the Barbary macaques. These monkeys can be found inhabiting many of Gibraltar’s caves.
Gibraltar is a self-governing territory, with one legislative body known as the Gibraltar Parliament. English is the official language of the territory, though Spanish is also widely spoken. There is no official religion in Gibraltar. Its currency is the Gibraltar pound (GIP).