The climate of Hungary
has a mainly humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb), with warm to hot summers and cold winters. The central region in the interior of the country displays a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), with hot summers and cold winters. A few areas in the southwest and south-central regions are under the oceanic influence (Köppen Cfa, Cfb). Hungary lies in Central Europe and shares borders with Romania in the east, Serbia in the south, Croatia and Slovenia in the southwest, Austria in the west, Slovakia in the north, and Ukraine in the northeast. The country's location in the temperate latitudes between 45°N and 48°N chiefly influences the climate. Westerly winds and the considerable distance from the Atlantic Ocean also affect the climate.
Hungary is a mostly flat and landlocked country, approximately 600 miles from both the North Pole and the Equator. The country lies in the Carthapian Basin, and the Carthapian Mountains shield it from winds and other climatic factors. Tisza and Danube are the most significant rivers. The Great Hungarian Plain lies to the east of the Danube. The Transdanubia is a hilly region to the west of the Danube that extends to the Alps' foothills. The North Hungarian Mountains is a mountainous region in the Western Carthapians, north of the Great Hungarian Plain. Among the climatic factors, the Icelandic Low brings cold weather and rain. The Azores High is responsible for bright and dry days. The Siberian High brings cold air masses from Eastern Europe. Mount Kekes is the highest peak in Hungary at 1014 meters. Lake Balaton is the largest lake in Central Europe, with a surface area of 230 square miles. Lake Heviz is the largest thermal lake in the world.
The best time to visit Hungary
The best time to visit Hungary
is during the spring and autumn seasons. May
are sunny, with moderate temperatures, although a bit wet. September
is a beautiful month in the autumn, with a colorful landscape and comfortable temperatures. The average temperatures in Budapest, the capital in the central region, are in the comfortable zone of 11.1°C (52°F) to 23.9°C (75°F) during late spring and early autumn. The summer is a good period in the mountains, and the days are often bright on the plains. However, in the interior regions, the temperatures often cross 35°C (95°F), and the humidity increases the heat index.
The worst time to visit Hungary
The worst time to visit Hungary
is in the cold winter from December
. The average temperatures are in the cold zone of -3.9°C (25°F) to 4.4°C (39.9°F) in the country. The skies are dark, and daily sunshine barely registers over 2 hours. Nights are below freezing in most regions, and days are cold. The short days hardly have 8.5 hours of daylight in December. Snowfall occurs in most places, and fog is standard. Mist and rain further worsen the conditions. Skiing enthusiasts, however, rejoice the snow-clad landscape to the north of Lake Balaton in the winter.
Spring weather in Hungary
Spring in Hungary
is a season of change, with the weather often fluctuating. This period sees an average increase in temperatures, resulting in warmer days and cooler nights. Rainfall is common during spring, particularly towards the end of the season, making it one of the wettest periods of the year. Despite the rain, there is plenty of sunshine, contributing to the bloom of flowers and vegetation. Temperatures range from an average low of 7.8°C (46°F) to highs reaching 22.8°C (73°F).
Summer weather in Hungary
Summers in Hungary
are typically warm to hot and often accompanied by rain. Average high temperatures range from 22.8°C (73°F) to 27.8°C (82°F), although the interior can reach up to 42.2°C (108°F), especially in July
. During the summer, the influence of the Atlantic air masses often brings about periods of cooler, rainy weather. Thunderstorms are common, adding to the precipitation levels. Despite the rain, the relative humidity is highest during the summer, and Hungary enjoys up to 2100 hours of annual sunshine.
Autumn weather in Hungary
Autumn in Hungary
presents a mix of weather conditions, characterised by mild temperatures and frequent changes. September
often offers pleasant temperatures and lower rainfall levels compared to spring and summer. However, by late autumn, temperatures begin to drop, and Hungary starts to experience its first frosts, especially in the north. Despite the changing weather, autumn provides a spectacular display of colourful landscapes across the country.
Winter weather in Hungary
Winter in Hungary
brings cold temperatures, fog, mist, and snowfall. Temperatures can range from -7.2°C (19°F) to -2.8°C (27°F), with the possibility of lows as frigid as -35°C (-31°F) due to Siberian cold air masses. Snowfall is frequent but generally moderate, contributing to the country's winter charm. The skies are often grey, and daylight is limited, often registering less than 2 hours per day. Despite the cold, the snow-clad landscapes north of Lake Balaton offer a unique appeal to skiing enthusiasts.
Weather in January
, situated in the midst of the Hungarian winter season, often brings the coldest temperatures of the year. On average, the mercury hovers from -7.2°C (19°F) to -2.8°C (27°F) during this month. Hungary
's most significant climatic regions, including its central region, the Great Hungarian Plain in the east, and Transdanubia in the west, all experience freezing temperatures and frequent bouts of snowfall. The capital city, Budapest, is not spared from this winter chill. Weather in January »
Weather in February
Following the severe cold of January
sees a gradual shift towards slightly milder weather. However, the country remains within the grip of winter, and cold conditions persist. Average low temperatures during February range from -4.9°C (23.2°F) to -1.6°C (29.1°F), slightly higher than January's cold spell. Budapest, in its central location, starts to see a small increase in temperature, with the average low climbing to -1.6°C (29.1°F). Weather in February »
Weather in March
signifies the transition from winter to spring, bringing with it a marked change in weather conditions. As the month progresses, temperatures rise noticeably from the winter lows, averaging between 2.2°C (36°F) to 7.2°C (45°F). Weather in March »
Weather in April
marks the full onset of spring in Hungary
, showcasing a significant change from the earlier winter months. The warming trend that began in March
continues, with temperatures ranging from 6.8°C (44.2°F) to 16.1°C (61°F), a substantial increase from the colder months. Budapest shares in this warming trend, with its average low temperature rising to 6.8°C (44.2°F). Weather in April »
Weather in May
brings warmer weather, heralding the onset of summer. The country experiences a noticeable rise in temperatures, with averages varying from 11.7°C (53.1°F) to 21.7°C (71.1°F). This significant shift in temperature marks a distinct transition from the cool spring season. The city of Budapest experiences similar climatic conditions, with average low temperatures reaching 11.7°C (53.1°F). Weather in May »
Weather in June
signifies the beginning of the summer season. The climate is characterized by long, warm days, with temperatures ranging from 15.6°C (60.1°F) to 25.6°C (78.1°F). This period of the year is typically the warmest in Hungary, with temperatures often exceeding these averages, especially in the interior regions of the country. Budapest, situated in the central region, also witnesses an increase in temperatures. Weather in June »
Weather in July
is the height of summer in Hungary
, boasting the highest average temperatures of the year. During this month, temperatures typically range from 17.2°C (63°F) to 27.2°C (81°F), but highs can reach up to 42.2°C (108°F) in the interior regions of the country, particularly in the central part, where the humid continental climate is most dominant. Budapest, located in the heart of the country, is subject to these elevated temperatures. Weather in July »
Weather in August
continues the high temperatures of summer, similar to July
. The average temperature ranges from 16.7°C (62.1°F) to 26.7°C (80.1°F). However, daytime temperatures, particularly in the interior regions, can exceed these averages, driven by warm air masses from Southern Europe. Budapest, located centrally, witnesses similar weather conditions. Weather in August »
Weather in September
signifies the transition from summer to autumn in Hungary
. Temperatures during this month start to decrease, with averages ranging from 12.8°C (55°F) to 22.8°C (73°F). Despite the drop, daytime temperatures remain warm, allowing for comfortable exploration of the country's diverse regions. The capital city, Budapest, mirrors these national climate patterns. Weather in September »
Weather in October
ushers in a more pronounced autumnal atmosphere, characterized by cooler temperatures and the ongoing transformation of the landscapes. Average temperatures range from 7.8°C (46°F) to 17.8°C (64°F). Daytime temperatures remain mild, creating a pleasant environment for outdoor activities. The city of Budapest experiences temperatures similar to the national average. Weather in October »
Weather in November
marks a distinct shift towards winter, with a notable drop in temperatures. Average temperatures fluctuate between 2.8°C (37°F) and 12.8°C (55°F). The interior regions, shielded by the Carpathian Mountains, typically experience colder conditions, with daytime temperatures struggling to climb above 10°C (50°F). In Budapest, November temperatures mimic the national trend, with average lows around 2.8°C (37°F) and highs reaching 12.8°C (55°F). Weather in November »
Weather in December
ushers in the winter season in Hungary
, marked by a significant decrease in temperatures. Average temperatures range from -2.8°C (27°F) to 7.8°C (46°F), with the cold being more severe in the interior regions sheltered by the Carpathian Mountains. In the capital city, Budapest, the average low temperature drops to -2.8°C (27°F), while highs can reach up to 7.8°C (46°F). Weather in December »