The climate of Hungary
has a mainly humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb), with warm to hot summers and cold winters. The central region in the interior of the country displays a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), with hot summers and cold winters. A few areas in the southwest and south-central regions are under the oceanic influence (Köppen Cfa, Cfb). Hungary lies in Central Europe and shares borders with Romania in the east, Serbia in the south, Croatia and Slovenia in the southwest, Austria in the west, Slovakia in the north, and Ukraine in the northeast. The country's location in the temperate latitudes between 45°N and 48°N chiefly influences the climate. Westerly winds and the considerable distance from the Atlantic Ocean also affect the climate.
Hungary is a mostly flat and landlocked country, approximately 600 miles from both the North Pole and the Equator. The country lies in the Carthapian Basin, and the Carthapian Mountains shield it from winds and other climatic factors. Tisza and Danube are the most significant rivers. The Great Hungarian Plain lies to the east of the Danube. The Transdanubia is a hilly region to the west of the Danube that extends to the Alps' foothills. The North Hungarian Mountains is a mountainous region in the Western Carthapians, north of the Great Hungarian Plain. Among the climatic factors, the Icelandic Low brings cold weather and rain. The Azores High is responsible for bright and dry days. The Siberian High brings cold air masses from Eastern Europe. Mount Kekes is the highest peak in Hungary at 1014 meters. Lake Balaton is the largest lake in Central Europe, with a surface area of 230 square miles. Lake Heviz is the largest thermal lake in the world.
The average annual temperatures in Hungary range between 7.8°C (46°F) and 11.1°C (52°F). Summers are warm to hot and wet. The average high temperatures during the hot season are between 22.8°C (73°F) and 27.8°C (82°F). Summer highs reach up to 42.2°C (108°F) in the interior. Temperatures are the highest in July
under the influence of warm air masses from Southern Europe. The Atlantic air masses bring cold and rainy periods in the summer. The average low winter temperatures are between -7.2°C (19°F) and -2.8°C (27°F). Winter troughs plunge to -35°C (-31°F) during the onslaught of Siberian cold air masses. Cloudy skies are prevalent in the cold season. Fog and mist are standard along with rain. Snowfall is frequent in the winter but moderate. The average temperature difference between north and south is little but varies by the season. Overcast days average between 70 and 190 in the year. Spring and autumn have unstable weather, and are mild, with frequent changes in temperatures.
The annual average rainfall in Hungary registers a moderate 609.6mm (24"), ranging from 508mm (20") in the dry east to 990.6mm (39") in the wet west. Precipitation occurs throughout the year. Late spring and summer are the wettest periods, while October
sees the second maximum in the southwest. Rainy days measure between 80 and 100 in the year. Thunderstorms are standard in the summer. Snowfall occurs between November
. Snow cover is the thinnest in the eastern Great Plain. The relative humidity is the highest during the summer. The annual sunshine varies from 1700 hours in the north to 2100 in the south. The average wind speeds are between 8km/h (5mph) and 16.1km/h (10mph). An average of 122 windy days in the year register strong wind speeds over 35.4km/h (22mph). Gales above 53.1km/h (33mph) occur for 35 days annually.
The highest temperature on record in Hungary is 41.9°C (107.4°F) in Kiskunhalas, set on July 20, 2007. The lowest temperature on record is -35°C (-31°F) in Gorombolytapolca, set on February
The best time to visit Hungary
The best time to visit Hungary
is during the spring and autumn seasons. May
are sunny, with moderate temperatures, although a bit wet. September
is a beautiful month in the autumn, with a colorful landscape and comfortable temperatures. The average temperatures in Budapest, the capital in the central region, are in the comfortable zone of 11.1°C (52°F) to 23.9°C (75°F) during late spring and early autumn. The summer is a good period in the mountains, and the days are often bright on the plains. However, in the interior regions, the temperatures often cross 35°C (95°F), and the humidity increases the heat index.
The worst time to visit Hungary
The worst time to visit Hungary
is in the cold winter from December
. The average temperatures are in the cold zone of -3.9°C (25°F) to 4.4°C (39.9°F) in the country. The skies are dark, and daily sunshine barely registers over 2 hours. Nights are below freezing in most regions, and days are cold. The short days hardly have 8.5 hours of daylight in December. Snowfall occurs in most places, and fog is standard. Mist and rain further worsen the conditions. Skiing enthusiasts, however, rejoice the snow-clad landscape to the north of Lake Balaton in the winter.
faces natural weather hazards in the form of cloudbursts, waterlogging, floods, droughts, wind erosion, and earthquakes. Floods affect an average of 200,000 Hungarians every year, with an average cost of $2 billion. The deadliest flood in Hungary post-1900 occurred in 1970, with approximately 300 fatalities and $500 million of damage. Earthquakes affect 80,000 people annually, with a cost of $1 billion to the exchequer. The worst earthquake in Hungary post-1900 occurred in Kecskemet, with 10 fatalities. Csongrad is the province with the highest risk of floods, while Budapest has the greatest risk of earthquakes. Droughts mostly occur during extended dry periods in the central plains.
Weather in January
is generally the coldest and driest month of the year in Hungary
, with average temperatures in the -4.4°C (24.1°F) to 2.8°C (37°F) zone. The skies are dark for more than 60% of the time, and the atmosphere is cold and dull. Weather in January »
Weather in February
is cold and snowy in Hungary
, with a slight increase in daily sunshine to 3 hours over the month. Nights are below freezing in many regions, even though the cold recedes from the peak. Budapest registers average temperatures in the zone of -2.2°C (28°F) to 5°C (41°F), with cloudy skies up to 61% of the time. The northeast is the driest region, with hardly 30.5mm (1.2") of precipitation in Debrecen. Weather in February »
Weather in March
transitions into the spring season in Hungary
, with a gradual rise in temperatures. The weather is unstable, as cold fronts from Eastern Europe are standard in the month. Occasional light snowfall occurs, but the average precipitation is short of 40.6mm (1.6"). The average temperatures in central Hungary, including Budapest, are in the range of 2.2°C (36°F) to 10°C (50°F). Weather in March »
Weather in April
brings mild to warm weather in Hungary
, with nights rarely below freezing. The average low temperatures are above 4.4°C (39.9°F), while the average high temperatures reach up to 19.4°C (66.9°F). Baj registers average temperatures between 4.4°C (39.9°F) and 18.3°C (64.9°F), while Debrecen is in the zone of 4.4°C (39.9°F) to 19.4°C (66.9°F). The skies are clear up to 52% of the time, and the daily sunlight lasts for a reasonable 6 hours. Weather in April »
Weather in May
brings the best weather of the spring season in Hungary
, with warm temperatures everywhere. The average temperatures in Budapest are in the comfortable zone of 11.1°C (52°F) to 21.1°C (70°F). The sun shines brightly for 8 hours during the 15.5 hour long days. Weather in May »
Weather in June
is the beginning of the warm to the hot summer season in Hungary
, and usually the wettest month of the year. The average temperatures range between 13.9°C (57°F) and 23.9°C (75°F) in the Great Plains. Temperatures in the Transdanubia region average in the warm 12.8°C (55°F) to 23.9°C (75°F) zone. The skies remain clear up to 65% of the time, and the daily sunshine lasts for 8 hours to 9 hours. Weather in June »
Weather in July
is the sunniest and hottest month of the year in Hungary
. Much of the country registers daily high temperatures in the 21.1°C (70°F) to 32.2°C (90°F) range. Temperatures cross 37.8°C (100°F) in the interior and the arid sections of the south under the influence of heatwaves. Weather in July »
Weather in August
is warm and sunny in Hungary
, with clear skies up to 69% of the time. Sunny days are standard in much of Hungary, with a decrease in average precipitation to 50.8mm (2"). Budapest registers average temperatures in the 15°C (59°F) to 26.1°C (79°F) range, with 8 hours of daily sunshine. Weather in August »
Weather in September
is warm and sunny in the early autumn season in Hungary
. The average temperatures in Budapest are in the comfortable range of 12.2°C (54°F) to 22.2°C (72°F). The day temperatures scale up to 29.4°C (84.9°F), but nights remain mostly below 16.7°C (62.1°F). Weather in September »
Weather in October
is a mild autumn month in Hungary
, with average temperatures in the 3.3°C (37.9°F) to 18.9°C (66°F) range. The days are warm in the first half, but nights become cold in the second half and occasionally drop below freezing. Weather in October »
Weather in November
sees an increase in precipitation Hungary
, with average rainfall between 66mm (2.6") and 71.1mm (2.8"). Temperatures drop rapidly, with Budapest in the average range of 2.2°C (36°F) to 7.8°C (46°F). The average temperatures in Baj and Ebes are in the cold -0.6°C (30.9°F) to 11.7°C (53.1°F) zone. Weather in November »
Weather in December
is the beginning of the cold and dark winter season in Hungary
. The average temperatures in Budapest are in the cold range of 2.2°C (36°F) and 7.8°C (46°F), with occasional freezing nights. The skies remain cloudy for at least 64% of the time, and the sun peeps out of the clouds for a mere 2 hours every day. Weather in December »