Climate and monthly weather forecast

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Flag of Israel

The climate of Israel

Due to its location between the eastern Mediterranean Sea and the desert regions of West Asia, Israel has diverse climate types. The northern and western regions have a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa, Csb), with warm to hot summers and cold winters. The central region, beginning from the northern Negev Desert, is semi-arid (Köppen BSh, BSk). The southern region has a desert climate (Köppen BWh, BWk), with a humid continental climate (Köppen Dsb) in a small section in the southwest. Israel lies in West Asia, at the far eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. Jordan and the West Bank lie in the east, the Red Sea in the south, Egypt in the southwest, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Gaza Strip in the west, Lebanon in the north, and Syria in the northeast. The Mediterranean Sea, the Saharan, and Arabian deserts mainly influence the climate.

The Tropic of Cancer passes through the southern tip of Israel, which lies between 29°N and 33°N of the equator. The topography is diverse, ranging from snow-capped mountains in the north to semi-arid regions in the center, and deserts in the south. Jerusalem lies on top of a mountain range that runs north-south, parallel to the coast. The fertile Coastal Plain region in the west extends to Gaza in the south from Lebanon in the north. The Central Hills region, east of the coastal plains, consists of several hills and fertile valleys. The Jordan Rift Valley lies further east, along with the Jordan River, the Sea of Galilee, and the Dead Sea. The Negev desert in southern Israel constitutes half of Israel's land area. The Jordan River is the longest river with a length of 199 miles. The largest freshwater lake is the Sea of Galilee. Mount Meron is the highest point in Israel at 1208 meters. The Dead Sea is the lowest point on Earth at 417 meters below sea level.

The best time to visit Israel

The best time to visit Israel is during the mild spring and autumn seasons. Easter in April is an excellent time to visit historical sites as well as a beach holiday on the Red Sea coast. The Mediterranean Coast is warm from May to October, and the seawaters are suitable for swimming with average temperatures in the 25°C (77°F) to 27.8°C (82°F) range. October and November have comfortable conditions along the Red Sea coast as well as the interior. The Red Sea is warmer than the Mediterranean Sea and suitable for sunbathing in spring and autumn.

The worst time to visit Israel

The worst time to visit Israel is in the hot summer from June to September. The interior regions are arid and devoid of rainfall. The average high temperatures in the interior areas near Jordan Valley in the east and the southern Negev Desert touch 40°C (104°F) in the summer. July and August are brutal, with the sun's ultraviolet index at the peak of 12. The Red Sea coast is avoidable in the summer, with high temperatures and dry heat. However, the Mediterranean Coast has acceptable temperatures between 22.8°C (73°F) and 30°C (86°F) at the height of the summer.

Spring Weather in Israel

Spring in Israel is characterized by mild weather and is mostly dry. It is a favorable time for outdoor activities and tourism, especially in the Mediterranean and Red Sea coasts. The temperatures during this season generally fluctuate between 20°C (68°F) to 25°C (77°F). The spring season also witnesses a gradual increase in daylight hours, contributing to its appeal for tourists.

Summer Weather in Israel

Israel's summer is lengthy, hot, and dry, with temperatures averaging between 22.2°C (72°F) to 37.8°C (100°F). The southern desert region experiences extremely high temperatures, occasionally ranging from 44.4°C (111.9°F) to 46.1°C (115°F). A hot, dry wind characterizes this season, blowing from the southern desert region. However, despite the heat, the Mediterranean Coast maintains acceptable temperatures between 22.8°C (73°F) and 30°C (86°F).

Autumn Weather in Israel

Autumn in Israel presents mild and mostly dry weather conditions. During this time, temperatures cool down from the extreme heat of the summer, making it a pleasant time for visitors. Autumn temperatures usually range between 20°C (68°F) to 25°C (77°F), offering comfortable conditions along the Red Sea coast and interior regions. The season also witnesses a decrease in daylight hours, signaling the approach of winter.

Winter Weather in Israel

Winter in Israel brings mild weather in the central and southern regions and colder temperatures along the Mediterranean coast. The temperatures during winter range from 6.1°C (43°F) to 22.8°C (73°F). While the north and west experience rainfall during this season, the southern part sees little to no precipitation. The mountainous regions experience colder and windier conditions, with at least one snowfall event annually at altitudes above 750 meters.

Weather in January

January is typically the coldest month in Israel, marking the height of winter. With a nationwide average temperature ranging from 6.1°C (43°F) to 15°C (59°F), it significantly contrasts with the hotter conditions experienced in the latter part of the year. In the central region, Jerusalem experiences cold and occasionally wet conditions. Weather in January »

Weather in February

As Israel transitions from the height of winter in January, February continues to exhibit the winter season's characteristics albeit with a slight increase in temperatures. Across the country, temperatures during February usually range from 8°C (46.4°F) to 17°C (62.6°F), a modest increase from the previous month. In Jerusalem, located in the central region, temperatures tend to rise slightly compared to January, with a range typically from 8°C (46.4°F) to 12°C (53.6°F). Weather in February »

Weather in March

March in Israel is a transition month, where the last vestiges of winter give way to the onset of spring. The temperatures start to increase across the country, and the rainfall begins to decrease, particularly towards the end of the month. Weather in March »

Weather in April

April signals the arrival of spring in Israel, bringing warmer temperatures and reducing rainfall across the country. Nationally, average temperatures during April generally range from 15°C (59°F) to 25°C (77°F), marking a significant rise compared to the preceding winter months. In Jerusalem, located in the central region, temperatures range from 13°C (55.4°F) to 22°C (71.6°F). Weather in April »

Weather in May

May in Israel is characterized by the height of spring transitioning into early summer. With rainfall becoming a rare occurrence, the weather becomes distinctly warmer. Average temperatures across the country during May generally range from 18°C (64.4°F) to 30°C (86°F). Jerusalem, situated in the central region, experiences temperatures typically ranging from 16°C (60.8°F) to 28°C (82.4°F). Weather in May »

Weather in June

June in Israel marks the onset of summer, characterized by hot, dry conditions. Rainfall is virtually non-existent during this month, and the nation experiences significant increases in temperatures. The average temperatures across the country during June typically range from 22°C (71.6°F) to 35°C (95°F). In Jerusalem, the central region, temperatures rise noticeably and fall within the range of 19°C (66.2°F) to 30°C (86°F). Weather in June »

Weather in July

July represents the mid-summer period in Israel, with persistently high temperatures and dry conditions. Rainfall is virtually non-existent throughout the country during this month. Average temperatures nationally in July generally range from 24°C (75.2°F) to 37°C (98.6°F). In Jerusalem, located in the central region, temperatures typically range from 21°C (69.8°F) to 32°C (89.6°F). Weather in July »

Weather in August

August is the peak of summer in Israel, featuring some of the highest temperatures and driest conditions of the year. During this month, average temperatures across the nation generally range from 24°C (75.2°F) to 37°C (98.6°F). Jerusalem, in the central region, experiences temperatures that typically fall between 21°C (69.8°F) to 31°C (87.8°F). Weather in August »

Weather in September

September in Israel signals the transition from the peak of summer to the onset of autumn. However, the country still experiences high temperatures and dry conditions. Average temperatures in Israel during September typically range from 23°C (73.4°F) to 34°C (93.2°F). In Jerusalem, located in the central region, temperatures begin to decrease slightly, ranging from 19°C (66.2°F) to 29°C (84.2°F). Weather in September »

Weather in October

October in Israel marks the transition from the warm summer to the milder autumn. Average temperatures during this month typically range from 20°C (68°F) to 30°C (86°F), a considerable decrease from the summer months. In Jerusalem, located in the central region, October temperatures typically fall between 16°C (60.8°F) to 26°C (78.8°F). Weather in October »

Weather in November

November in Israel is characterized by the continuation of autumn and the transition towards winter. This period marks a more significant decrease in temperatures, which generally range from 14°C (57.2°F) to 25°C (77°F) across the country. Jerusalem, located in the central region, experiences November temperatures typically falling between 11°C (51.8°F) to 20°C (68°F). Weather in November »

Weather in December

December in Israel represents the transition from the mild autumn to the colder winter season. Average temperatures during this month vary across the country, usually falling between 9°C (48.2°F) to 20°C (68°F). In Jerusalem, situated in the central region, December temperatures typically range from 7°C (44.6°F) to 15°C (59°F). Weather in December »


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