The climate of Florence
, situated in Italy
, enjoys a Marine west coast climate with warm summer, categorized as Cfb in the Köppen climate classification. The climatic condition imposed by the geographical location is intrinsically linked to the city's charming appeal and influences daily life and tourism.
The city experiences a considerable diurnal temperature range annually with average highs soaring up to 31.5°C (88.7°F) and lows plunging to 2°C (35.6°F). Regardless of season, light to moderate rainfall is relatively frequent throughout the year. The highest average rainfall reaches 114mm (4.49") in November
while the driest month on average is July
with 37mm (1.46") of rain. The city, however, sees an annual shift in the length of daylight from 9 to 15.4 hours.
While UV index varies significantly throughout the year, ranging from 1 in December
to 8 during July and August
, the duration of sunshine witnesses a proportional increase from 3 hours in January
to 10 hours in July. Overall, Florence shows a wide divergence in climatic parameters, making it unique and captivating to travellers and inhabitants alike.
The best time to visit Florence
Given the city's hot summer Mediterranean climate, the best time to visit Florence
is spring - specifically from April
. During these months, the temperature warms to a comfortable range from 10.9°C (51.6°F) to 18.5°C (65.3°F). The amount of rainfall experiences a mild decrease which contributes to the congeniality of the weather.
In addition to favourable temperatures, spring in Florence also offers longer daylight hours, increasing up to 13.5 hours in April, providing ample opportunity to explore the city's rich architecture and art treasures. With the sunshine duration increasing to 6 hours, it is a sublime time to enjoy the blossoming gardens and piazzas that Florence offers.
The worst time to visit Florence
Regrettably, the months from November
can be considered as less desirable for visiting Florence
. During this period, the city often experiences cold weather with temperatures descending to average lows of 2°C (35.6°F) and highs peaking only at 11.1°C (52°F). This time of the year also witnesses the longest rainfall durations, leading to a surge in the average rainfall up to 104mm (4.09") in October
and reaching its highest in November at 114mm (4.49").
Complementing the increased rainfall, daylight hours are significantly reduced during these months, curtailing to just 9 hours in December
. Thus, sightseeing and other outdoor activities can be less enjoyable and somewhat restrictive during this period.
Spring weather in Florence
Spring in Florence
, stretching from March
, is mild and offers an attractive climate for outdoor pursuits. With temperatures rising from an average of 4.9°C (40.8°F) in March to an agreeable 11.6°C (52.9°F) in May, spring is a season of warm and comfortable weather. Rainfall decreases as the season progresses, dropping from 86mm (3.39") in April
to 70mm (2.76") in May. Concurrently, the daylight hours extend from 11.9 hours in March to 14.7 hours in May, offering more hours of sightseeing.
Summer weather in Florence
, summer extends from June
and is characterized by high temperature swings. Highs can reach a sizzling 31.5°C (88.7°F), while minimum temperatures maintain a warm nocturnal climate around 15°C (59°F) to 17.7°C (63.9°F). Despite the heat, rainfall falls significantly during the summer, reaching a low of 37mm (1.46") in July
. The city basks in long hours of daylight extending up to 15.4 hours and 10 hours of sunshine, the highest throughout the year.
Autumn weather in Florence
Autumn in Florence
is characterized by cooler temperatures from 14.4°C (57.9°F) to 17.7°C (63.9°F), with rainfall levels peaking in October
recording an average precipitation of 104mm (4.09") and 114mm (4.49") respectively. While daylight hours and sunshine duration both taper off to 11 hours and 5 hours respectively by October, the change of colours in the landscape make autumn a visually delightful season.
Winter weather in Florence
Winter in Florence
, occurring from December
, tends to be cold with average lows of 2°C (35.6°F) and highs reaching up to 11.1°C (52°F) in December. Rainfall levels sit between 61mm (2.4") in December to 81mm (3.19") in January
. The hours of daylight shrink to a yearly low of 9 hours in December, with a corresponding drop in sunshine to just 3 hours daily. Despite the colder weather, Florence's adorned streets during holiday seasons present a magical aura to the city.
Weather in January
harbors the coldest weather of the year in Florence
, as winter is at its peak. It tends to be a quiet month with shorter days and fewer hours of daylight, relative to other months. Despite the cooler clime, temperatures can sometimes rise upto 10.9°C (51.6°F). Weather in January »
Weather in February
Moving onto February
, the weather shows a slight increase in temperature, hinting at the approaching spring. This month is less snowy than January
, but rainfall is still quite prevalent. With temperatures that can reach 12.5°C (54.5°F), the city begins to warm up slowly as winter starts to recede. Weather in February »
Weather in March
marks the advent of spring in Florence
. The weather displays a steady rise in temperatures, and days continue to lengthen. During this month, the mercury can even climb to 15.7°C (60.3°F), inviting locals and tourists to spend more time outdoors. Weather in March »
Weather in April
sees a significant change in the Florence
's weather. As spring fully makes its presence felt, temperatures continue to climb and rainfall starts to diminish in intensity. The highest temperature recorded during this month can reach 18.5°C (65.3°F). Weather in April »
Weather in May
showcases more predictable and warm weather; a harbinger of the approaching summer season. The temperature keeps increasing steadily, making it a delightful time to be outdoors and explore the city’s wonders. Mindful of the month's peak temperature of 23.7°C (74.7°F), it's advisable to carry light summer clothing. Weather in May »
Weather in June
, carrying the heat of summer, arrives with warm temperatures and longer daylight hours. This month is typically hot but tolerable, with the temperature often hitting highs of 27.7°C (81.9°F). Despite the sometimes scorching temperatures, June presents incredible weather for tourists to bask in the beauty of the city, provided they're dressed appropriately for the heat. Weather in June »
Weather in July
stands as the hottest month in Florence
, with heat peaking in the city. The month's searing temperatures, with peaks reaching impressive highs of 31.4°C (88.5°F), may demand frequent retreats to cooler indoor spaces. Weather in July »
Weather in August
brings another round of intense summer heat to Florence
, with temperatures equivalent to those in July
. The weather is predominantly hot, often causing locals to escape to the coastal areas for cooler climes. Despite the soaring temperatures that can reach highs of 31.5°C (88.7°F), it remains a popular month for tourism. Weather in August »
Weather in September
marks the gradual transition from hot summer days to milder autumnal weather. Although temperatures start to drop, warm weather still persists in the initial half of the month. During this month, temperatures can hover around 26.7°C (80.1°F). Weather in September »
Weather in October
slides further into autumn. The weather, growing cooler day by day, prompts locals to pull out warm clothing from their wardrobes. October can see highs of 20.9°C (69.6°F), a noticeable drop from September
's heat. Weather in October »
Weather in November
sees a significant plunge in temperature as Florence
heads towards winter. The city turns quieter as tourists depart and locals prepare for colder months ahead. Despite the chilling temperatures that can drop to 5.1°C (41.2°F) at night, the beauty of Florence remains undiminished. Weather in November »
Weather in December
, the last month of the year, brings a wintry chill to Florence
. As the year winds down, daylight hours recede considerably, and more frequent rain showers are experienced across the city. In December, the temperature can cool down to a low around 2.6°C (36.7°F). Weather in December »