is a vibrant nation located in East Africa. It is officially known as the Republic of Kenya and is bordered by Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. It covers an area of 224,961 square miles (582,646 square kilometers) and has an estimated population of 50,830,000 people in 2023. The capital city is Nairobi and the official languages are Swahili and English.
Kenya is composed of many different ethnic groups such as the Kikuyu, Luhya, Luo, Kamba, Kalenjin, and Maasai. Christianity is the predominant religion with Roman Catholic, Protestant, and other Christian denominations present, but there are also traditional beliefs and Islam. The currency is the Kenyan Shilling.
The country can be divided into five distinct regions: the Lake Victoria basin in the south-west; the vast plateau of eastern Kenya; the 250-mile (400-kilometer) long coastal belt along the Indian Ocean; the highlands of the Mau Escarpment on the western side of the Great Rift Valley in western Kenya; and the highlands and mountains of the Aberdare Range on the eastern side of the Rift Valley, including Mount Kenya.
Kenya is also famous for its wildlife, including lions, leopards, elephants, buffalo, rhinoceroses, zebras, hippopotamuses, and crocodiles. Agriculture is a major sector of the economy and employs much of the workforce. Tea and coffee are the leading exports.
Kenya is a unitary multiparty republic with two legislative houses (the Senate and the National Assembly). The head of state and government is the President, assisted by the Deputy President. The life expectancy at birth is 66.1 years for males and 72.8 years for females, while literacy rates stand at 85% for males and 80% for females. The Gross National Income (GNI) per capita is US$1,760.