is an island nation located in the central Pacific Ocean, consisting of 33 islands. The main island groups are the Gilbert Islands, Phoenix Islands and Line Islands (excluding the three Line Islands that are U.S. territories). The country also includes Banaba Island, which was formerly the capital of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony. With the exception of Banaba, all the islands of Kiribati are low-lying coral atolls built on a submerged volcanic chain and encircled by reefs.
Kiribati has a population of around 124,700 people as of 2023, most of whom live in the Gilbert Islands. The country's official languages are English and Gilbertese, and the majority of its citizens practice Christianity, with Roman Catholicism being the dominant denomination. Other religions found in the country include Bahāʾī. The currency used in Kiribati is the Australian dollar.
Kiribati is a unitary republic with one legislative house, the House of Assembly. Its head of state and government is the president. The economy of Kiribati is mainly based on subsistence farming and fishing.
Kiribati has a total area of 811 square kilometers (313sqmi) with a population density of 151.3 persons per sq km. The life expectancy at birth for males is 64.7 years and 69.9 years for females. The Gross National Income (GNI) per capita stands at $3,010.