Climate and monthly weather forecast

Flag of Latvia
Flag of Latvia

The climate of Latvia

Latvia's geography, nestled in Northern Europe along the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea, profoundly shapes its climate. It is primarily characterized by a warm temperate humid climate, as evidenced by the Köppen climate classification of Cfb. This classification describes a region where the warmest month's average temperature stays below 22°C and at least four months see average temperatures above 10°C. Over the course of a year in Latvia, weather patterns exhibit distinct seasonal variations with comparatively warm summers, chilly winters, and moderate transitions during spring and autumn. Rainfall is generally evenly distributed throughout the year, but the highest precipitation occurs in late summer and early autumn.

The best time to visit Latvia

The most favourable time to visit Latvia is from June to September. During this period, temperatures range from 17°C to 22°C, creating pleasant weather conditions for outdoor activities and sightseeing. The longer daylight hours provide ample opportunity for exploring Latvia's rich cultural heritage, verdant national parks, and pristine beaches. Additionally, the Latvian summer season is full of cultural events and festivals, further enhancing the appeal for visitors.

The worst time to visit Latvia

The least attractive time to visit Latvia is generally in the depth of winter, from late November to February. During this time, temperatures can plunge well below 0°C, making outdoor activities challenging and less enjoyable for those unaccustomed to such cold conditions. Furthermore, the reduced daylight hours can limit sightseeing opportunities. Nevertheless, winter sports enthusiasts may find this time of year appealing for activities such as skiing or ice fishing.

Spring weather in Latvia

Spring in Latvia, extending from March to May, is characterized by a gradual increase in temperature from around 2°C in March to approximately 16°C in May. The weather can be unpredictable during this period, with occasional late frosts or early heatwaves. Nevertheless, the countryside becomes particularly picturesque as landscapes emerge from winter hibernation, adorned with blooming flowers and awakening wildlife.

Summer weather in Latvia

Summer, from June to August, is the warmest season in Latvia with average temperatures fluctuating between 17°C to 22°C. However, temperatures can occasionally spike to 30°C during heatwaves. It's a period of longer daylight hours, often stretching up to 17 hours per day in midsummer. These conditions make summer an ideal time for beach activities, exploring national parks, and attending open-air festivals.

Autumn weather in Latvia

Autumn in Latvia, occurring from September to November, is marked by decreasing temperatures, ranging from around 15°C in September to near freezing in late November. This season witnesses the highest rainfall, especially in September and October. Despite the often grey skies, autumn brings a spectacular display of fall foliage, especially in the country's abundant forests, offering picturesque views for nature lovers.

Winter weather in Latvia

Winter in Latvia, extending from December to February, is typically cold and snowy with average temperatures hovering between -2°C and -6°C. However, severe cold snaps can push temperatures down to -20°C. Daylight hours are significantly reduced during this time, with the shortest day in December only seeing around 6 hours of light. Despite the chilly conditions, winter offers its unique charm with snow-blanketed landscapes and opportunities for winter sports.

Weather in January

January stands as the coldest month in Latvia, with temperatures typically ranging from -2°C to -6°C, though in more severe cases, temperatures can drop as low as -20°C. A considerable amount of snowfall characterizes this month, providing a white blanket over Latvia's cities and countryside, transforming the landscapes into picturesque winter wonderlands. Riga, Latvia's capital and largest city, tends to experience similar conditions, with average temperatures hovering around -3°C. Weather in January »

Weather in February

In February, Latvia remains in the grip of winter with temperatures slightly below January's range. Average temperatures typically oscillate from -4°C to -7°C. It is important to note, however, that during periods of extreme cold, temperatures can plunge well below these averages, sometimes dropping to -25°C. Like January, February is also a month of significant snowfall. Weather in February »

Weather in March

March signals the start of spring in Latvia, but winter often lingers, particularly in the early part of the month. Average temperatures in March generally range from -1°C to 4°C, marking a slight warming trend compared to February. Weather in March »

Weather in April

As Latvia moves deeper into spring, April brings a noticeable change in the weather. Average temperatures range from 4°C to 10°C, reflecting a clear warming trend. However, late frosts can occur, and the possibility of temperatures dropping below freezing during the night should not be discounted. In Riga, April's temperatures typically fluctuate between 5°C to 11°C. Weather in April »

Weather in May

May ushers in late spring in Latvia, with weather becoming significantly warmer. Average temperatures range from 10°C to 18°C, hinting at the approach of summer. However, it is still possible to experience colder nights with temperatures near single digits, particularly in the early part of the month. Riga, with its maritime influence, experiences temperatures between 11°C to 19°C. Weather in May »

Weather in June

June marks the start of summer in Latvia, with temperatures climbing to a more summery range from 14°C to 21°C. However, it's important to note that during warmer spells, the mercury can sometimes rise above 25°C, particularly in inland regions. In Riga, the coastal influence brings moderate summer temperatures, typically fluctuating between 15°C and 22°C. Weather in June »

Weather in July

July is the warmest month in Latvia, bringing peak summer conditions. Average temperatures range from 16°C to 23°C, providing an ideal backdrop for a variety of outdoor activities. However, during periods of particularly warm weather, temperatures can rise above 30°C. Riga experiences a slightly more moderate climate due to its coastal location, with temperatures typically fluctuating between 17°C and 24°C. Weather in July »

Weather in August

August, the last month of summer in Latvia, continues to offer warm weather but begins to show early signs of transition towards autumn. Average temperatures range from 15°C to 21°C, slightly cooler than July. However, during periods of high heat, temperatures can still reach up to 28°C. Riga experiences average temperatures between 16°C to 22°C during this month. Weather in August »

Weather in September

September heralds the arrival of autumn in Latvia, characterized by a noticeable drop in temperatures and an increase in rainfall. The month typically sees temperatures ranging from 9°C to 16°C. Although warm days can still be enjoyed early in the month, colder nights begin to set in as September progresses. Riga experiences average temperatures between 10°C to 17°C, still relatively mild due to the moderating influence of the sea. Weather in September »

Weather in October

In October, Latvia is fully immersed in autumn, with temperatures continuing to decline and landscapes transforming with vibrant fall colors. Average temperatures range from 4°C to 10°C, with colder nights becoming more frequent. Weather in October »

Weather in November

November signifies the transition from autumn to winter in Latvia. Temperatures continue to drop, ranging from -1°C to 4°C. As November progresses, freezing temperatures become increasingly common, especially during the night and in inland areas. In Riga, temperatures typically fluctuate between 0°C and 5°C. Weather in November »

Weather in December

December marks the onset of the winter season in Latvia, with temperatures dipping further to range from -4°C to 1°C. These cold conditions are consistent throughout the month, and freezing temperatures become the norm, especially during the nights. Riga experiences temperatures typically between -3°C to 2°C. Weather in December »


Weather forecast for your location

1. Click Locate me button
2. Allow the app to use your location