Located in the southern United States, Louisiana
is a state bordered by Arkansas, Mississippi, and Texas. With its 52,375 square miles of land and 135,651 square kilometers of area, it is home to an estimated population of 4,657,757 people (2022 est.). The capital city of Louisiana is Baton Rouge.
The physical layout of Louisiana can be divided into two regions: the Gulf of Mexico coastal plain and the Mississippi River flood plain and delta. This state is known for its unique Napoleonic Code-based government system, and has a long history of Indian occupancy dating back approximately 16,000 years before European settlers arrived.
Today, the main natural resources are petroleum and natural gas. Louisiana has also been hit hard by catastrophic events such as Hurricane Katrina. The official nickname for Louisiana is “the Pelican State”, and other nicknames include the “Creole State” and the “Sugar State”. The official state motto is “Union, Justice, and Confidence”, and the state bird is the eastern brown pelican. Other symbols of Louisiana include the southern magnolia and Louisiana iris as state flowers, and the state songs are “Give Me Louisiana” and “You Are My Sunshine”. The state currently holds seven seats in the U.S. House of Representatives (of 435). Louisiana is located in the Central time zone (GMT – 6 hours).