Monthly weather forecast and climate
Malta

Flag of Malta
Flag of Malta

The climate of Malta

Malta has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa), with hot and dry summers and mild and wet winters. Malta lies in southern Europe in the central Mediterranean Sea. The Sicilian island of Italy lies 50 miles to the north across the Malta Channel. Tunisia is 176 miles to the west, and Libya is 207 miles to the south. Malta's location is farther south than the cities of Tunisia, Tangier, Aleppo, and Mosul in North Africa or the Middle East. The Mediterranean Sea and the subtropical latitudes chiefly influence the climate.

Malta is an archipelago in the eastern basin of the central Mediterranean Sea, 35°N of the equator, and at a longitude of 14°E. The country has an area of 122 square miles and a coastline of more than 150 miles. The islands on the Malta Plateau derive from a shallow shelf that was once a land bridge between Sicily and North Africa. Gozo in the west, Comino in the center, and Malta in the east are the three largest and only inhabited islands of the archipelago. The topography is mainly flat, with terraced fields on low hills. The islands are low and rocky, with steep coastal cliffs. Comino is the home to the famous Blue Lagoon. No big rivers or permanent lakes exist on the islands, but small rivers form during the rainy season. Ta'Dmejrek is the highest point in Malta at only 253 meters above sea level.

Malta has hot summers from June to August, with typical daily highs in the range of 26.7°C (80.1°F) to 33.9°C (93°F). The interiors of the islands are hotter than the coasts. Nights are comfortable in the zone of 17.2°C (63°F) to 23.9°C (75°F). Winters are mild, with plenty of sunshine, along with rain and wind. Few days drop to 10°C (50°F), but snowfall is extremely rare, and temperatures never drop below freezing. Temperature differences between day and night remain less and across seasons are not extreme. Cold is rare as the average monthly temperature remains above 11.1°C (52°F) in the winter. Spring is wet in the early days but sunny later on, with average high temperatures between 17.2°C (63°F) to 22.8°C (73°F). Autumn has summer-like conditions in September but cools down by November. Cloudy skies become the norm, and thunderstorms are frequent. October sees a surge in rainfall. Spring and autumn many a time encounter the hot and dry Sirocco winds that blow from the Saharan desert. The wind brings dust and sand and raises the temperatures by a few degrees. Summer days cross 37.8°C (100°F) in the presence of the hot winds.

The annual average rainfall in Malta ranges between 533.4mm (21") in the interior to 635mm (25") on the coasts, with approximately 100 wet days. Precipitation mainly occurs in the winter, with moderate amounts in early spring and late autumn. October to January is the wettest period, with the highest monthly rainfall in December. June to August is the driest period, with hardly any measurable rainfall. The annual average relative humidity is 75%, with a low of 65% in July and a high of 80% in December. The annual sunshine registers an abundant 3054 hours, one of the highest in Europe. Malta receives twice the sunshine compared to cities in northern Europe. The daylight ranges from a little below 10 hours in December to more than 14 hours in July. The seawaters are the warmest between 23.9°C (75°F) to 26.1°C (79°F) from July to September in Valetta, the capital.

The highest temperature on record in Malta is 43.8°C (110.8°F), set on August 9, 1999. The lowest temperature on record is 1.4°C (34.5°F), set on January 29, 1981.

The best time to visit Malta

The best time to visit Malta is in the latter half of the spring season from April to May. Temperatures are in the comfortable zone of 15.6°C (60.1°F) to 21.1°C (70°F), with little rain. The long days have 9 to 10 hours of bright sunshine, and the skies are clear. Summer is hot, with plenty of sunlight, and is the best time for beach holidays when seawater temperatures are above 23.9°C (75°F). Precipitation is mostly absent in the summer, but high temperatures often cross 32.2°C (90°F). Spring vacations are budget-friendlier compared to the summer due to fewer crowds.

The worst time to visit Malta

The worst time to visit Malta, if there is any, is the winter from December to February. Much of the annual precipitation occurs in the winter. The skies are cloudy, and there is a rise in humidity. The humidity levels rise but are less compared to the autumn. Day temperatures occasionally register below 10°C (50°F), but night temperatures remain comfortably short of freezing. The seawater temperatures are cold between 15°C (59°F) and 16.1°C (61°F) and generally not suitable for swimming. Beach holidays are not popular during the cold season, and the crowds are fewer than the summer. December sees the shortest days of the year, with only 5 hours of sunshine in Malta.

Weather hazards

Malta is listed as the second safest country to visit, with low weather hazards in the United Nations index for many years. However, the country faces threats such as droughts, storms, landslides, waterspouts, and surface collapse. Drought is a frequent hazard that can affect tourism in the future. Surface load changes, loss of vegetation, and water table depth contribute to surface collapse. Power stations and reverse osmosis plants on the coast face the threat of tsunamis. Mount Etna, an active volcano in Sicily, is just 125 miles away, and Malta's infrastructure faces severe repercussions from the plume of volcanic ash.

Weather in January

January is the coldest month of the year in Malta, but the winter is milder than mainland Europe. Valetta, the capital in the southeast coastal region, registers cold to mild temperatures in the average 8.9°C (48°F) to 15°C (59°F) zone. Weather in January »

Weather in February

February is cold in Malta, with average temperatures in the range of 8.9°C (48°F) to 16.1°C (61°F). The Mediterranean seawaters at 16.1°C (61°F) keep the islands away from severe cold. Temperatures in Luqa are usually in the range of 10°C (50°F) to 15.6°C (60.1°F), rarely fall below 7.2°C (45°F) or scale 18.3°C (64.9°F). Cold waves from northern Europe do not last for more than a few days. Weather in February »

Weather in March

March brings mild temperatures to Malta in the average range of 10°C (50°F) to 17.2°C (63°F). The precipitation is to the tune of 40.6mm (1.6"), with 9 wet days in the month. The chance of a wet day in Luqa drops from 21% at the beginning to 12% by the end of March. A sweater and a light jacket are useful for occasional light showers, wind, and cold. Weather in March »

Weather in April

April is one of the best times to explore the interior of Malta, especially in the second half of the month. The landscape warms up to register in the average range of 12.2°C (54°F) to 18.9°C (66°F). The skies remain mostly clear, and the chance of rain is less than 12% every day. Weather in April »

Weather in May

May is dry and sunny in Malta, with average temperatures in the warm range of 15°C (59°F) to 22.8°C (73°F). Clear skies prevail, with relative humidity in the range of 60% to 80%. Visitors enjoy the islands amid abundant sunshine of 10 hours in the 14-hour days. Weather in May »

Weather in June

June is the beginning of the hot and dry summer season in Malta. The average temperatures register in the warm to the hot range of 17.8°C (64°F) to 27.8°C (82°F) on the islands. The skies remain clear for 80% of the time, and the average relative humidity drops to 70%. June receives negligible rainfall in the form of an occasional light shower. Weather in June »

Weather in July

July is hot and sunny in the summer of Malta, with the lowest average monthly humidity of 65%. The average temperatures range from 21.1°C (70°F) to 31.1°C (88°F), and the skies remain clear 97% of the time. The country rarely receives any precipitation in July, which is perfect for tourists who visit Malta for beach holidays. With the sunrise before 5.50 a.m., early mornings are an excellent time to beat the crowds, although they are slightly humid. Weather in July »

Weather in August

August is the sunniest and hottest month of the year in Malta. The average temperatures are in the range of 22.2°C (72°F) to 31.1°C (88°F), and the days are sweltering with 12 hours of torrid sunshine. Clear skies and blue waters are guaranteed 98% of the time, especially in the first week of August. The average seawater temperatures are at the highest of the year at 26.1°C (79°F). Weather in August »

Weather in September

September is warm and sunny in Malta as the autumn season knocks on its doors. The average temperatures are in the comfortable zone of 20°C (68°F) to 27.8°C (82°F). The days are occasionally hot, while the nights tend to be warm. Weather in September »

Weather in October

October has mild conditions in Malta, with the average temperatures in the 17.2°C (63°F) to 23.9°C (75°F) zone. The cloud cover increases gradually, with overcast skies between 34% and 40%. The precipitation increases significantly to register 88.9mm (3.5") in October, with humidity levels between 55% and 75%. The 7-hour daily sunshine provides ample time to explore the islands, interior regions, and white sandy beaches. Weather in October »

Weather in November

November is mild in Malta but sees a rise in humidity and wetness. The average temperatures drop in the mild zone of 13.9°C (57°F) to 20°C (68°F) range, as the humidity climbs to 80%. Although the precipitation is a moderate 78.7mm (3.1"), there are at least 11 wet days, and the chance of daily rainfall increases to 30%. The skies are cloudy for 40% of the time, with the clearest day on November 26. Weather in November »

Weather in December

December is the beginning of the wet winter season in Malta. The average temperatures are in the mild zone of 11.1°C (52°F) to 17.2°C (63°F), with relative humidity between 55% and 70%. December brings the highest monthly rainfall of 109.2mm (4.3") in the year, with 14 wet days that mandate raincoats or umbrellas. The days have clear skies for 65% of the time, and the clear nights are perfect for stargazing. Weather in December »
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