Climate and monthly weather forecast

Flag of Mexico
Flag of Mexico

The climate of Mexico

Mexico has diverse climate types that range from arid and semi-arid in the north to humid and subtropical in the south. Much of the north exhibit desert (Köppen climate classification BWh, BWk) and semi-arid (Köppen BSh, BSk) climate. The southern coasts display tropical types (Köppen Af, Am, Aw), but turn into humid subtropical (Cfa, Cfb) in the southern interior regions. The extreme northwest and parts of the central region have a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa, Csb). Mexico lies in North America and has a large border with the United States in the north. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west and south, the Gulf of Mexico to the east, and the Caribbean Sea in the southeast. The subtropical latitudes and proximity to large water bodies mainly influence the climate.

The Tropic of Cancer divides Mexico into temperate and tropical zones. Temperatures gradually increase from north to south, except for the deserts of the north. The coastline consists of the Pacific Ocean, Gulf of California, Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea. The Sierra Madres are two mountain ranges that run north-south and are an extension of the Rocky Mountains. The Sierra Nevada runs east to west in the central part of Mexico. The mountain ranges receive moderate precipitation, but the tropical southern coasts receive abundant rainfall. The Panuco, Grijalva, Papaloapan, Usumacinta, and Coatzacoalcos are five major rivers that flow eastwards into the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. The west coast and north-central regions of Mexico are generally arid and semi-arid. Pico de Orizaba is the highest peak in Mexico at 5700 meters.

The best time to visit Mexico

The best time to visit Mexico is in the moderate seasons of spring and autumn. March to April in the spring is mild and dry in the northern regions. September to October is mild but relatively wet in the south. The northern coast of Baja California is ideal for sunbathing in late spring and early summer. The general idea is to avoid the hot and humid rainy season that brings monsoon rains to the country. The southern regions have pleasant winters so that December to February is much favorable in the absence of rain and severe cold. The seawaters in Acapulco are warm even in January, which makes it a popular tourist destination during Christmas and New Year.

The worst time to visit Mexico

The worst time to visit Mexico is during the summer season. Summer is hot, and the monsoon brings mugginess in the atmosphere. May is the peak of the summer and brings extreme temperatures in Mexico. The Sonoran Desert sees temperatures above 48.9°C during the day. Peak temperatures often surpass the 37.8°C mark in the arid northwest and the south. June to August is the period of the rainy season that brings heat, humidity, and wet conditions. The coasts see particularly heavy precipitation, and it is a time to avoid the beaches with cloudy conditions. Thunderstorms are active during the summer, and the coast is prone to hurricanes and cyclones.

Spring weather in Mexico

During spring, particularly from March to April, Mexico's northern regions experience mild and dry conditions, making it a favourable time for outdoor activities. Pre-monsoon showers are common in late spring, providing a brief respite from the dry conditions. The coastal areas, particularly the northern coast of Baja California, are perfect for sunbathing during this period. The temperatures during spring range from 15°C to 25°C, providing comfortable conditions for visitors and locals alike.

Summer weather in Mexico

Summers in Mexico are marked by extreme heat and monsoonal mugginess. Particularly in May, temperatures frequently rise beyond 37.8°C in the northwest and south, making it the hottest time of the year. The Sonoran Desert even records temperatures above 48.9°C during the daytime. Summer also marks the onset of the rainy season, which brings with it high humidity and wet conditions, further exacerbating the heat. The coastlines particularly experience heavy precipitation during this time.

Autumn weather in Mexico

Autumn in Mexico is characterised by mild temperatures but comes with an increased risk of hurricanes and post-monsoon rains. Temperatures during this season range from 20°C to 30°C. The increased humidity makes the weather feel warmer than it actually is. Despite this, the season still offers a colourful display of foliage in the central and northern regions, providing stunning vistas that are enjoyed by both residents and visitors.

Winter weather in Mexico

Winters in Mexico are generally mild, with temperatures rarely falling below 10°C in most regions. The southern regions, including the Yucatan Peninsula, enjoy comfortable temperatures throughout the winter, making it a popular destination for tourists seeking a warmer climate. The northern regions, particularly the desert areas, experience colder temperatures, often falling below freezing during the night. Despite the cold, these regions provide clear, sunny days perfect for exploration. In the high mountain ranges, snowfall is common, with temperatures staying below freezing throughout the winter season.

Weather in January

January marks the middle of the winter season in Mexico, with its climate showcasing a significant geographical divide. The northern regions, particularly the desert areas, face colder temperatures, often dropping below 0°C during nighttime, a stark contrast to the warmer months. Weather in January »

Weather in February

As Mexico moves into February, the climate retains the primary characteristics of winter, albeit with some noticeable changes. Compared to January, February offers a slight rise in temperatures across the country. Northern Mexico continues to experience cold conditions, particularly in the desert areas. Weather in February »

Weather in March

March signifies the arrival of spring in Mexico, bringing a noticeable shift in the climate across the country. As the season changes, the temperatures start to rise gradually compared to February. Northern Mexico, known for its arid and semi-arid climate, begins to warm up, with daytime temperatures ranging from 20°C to 30°C. Weather in March »

Weather in April

April in Mexico is synonymous with a transition towards warmer weather as the spring season firmly establishes itself across the country. Temperatures continue their upward trend from March, creating a considerably warmer climate throughout Mexico. Northern Mexico, known for its arid to semi-arid climate, experiences a significant increase in temperature in April. Weather in April »

Weather in May

May sees the onset of summer in Mexico, characterized by a sharp increase in temperatures throughout the country. The climate transitions from the mildness of spring to the more intense heat of summer. The northern region of Mexico, predominantly arid and semi-arid, experiences an escalation in heat during May. Weather in May »

Weather in June

June ushers in the full swing of summer in Mexico, with temperatures reaching their peak in many parts of the country. Moreover, this month also signals the start of the rainy season, especially in the southern regions. Northern Mexico, with its arid and semi-arid climate, experiences some of the highest temperatures during June. Weather in June »

Weather in July

July is a pivotal month in Mexico's weather calendar. Not only does it continue the high heat trends of the summer season, but it also marks the height of the rainy season for many regions. In the northern part of the country, known for its arid and semi-arid climate, temperatures continue to climb, with daytime averages ranging between 38°C to 48°C. Weather in July »

Weather in August

In Mexico, August stands as the last full month of the summer season, continuing the high temperatures from July while also marking the zenith of the rainy season for most regions. The northern parts of Mexico, known for their arid and semi-arid climates, maintain high temperatures in August, with daytime averages fluctuating between 37°C to 47°C. Weather in August »

Weather in September

September signals the transition from the sultry summer to the more moderate autumn season in Mexico. The heat begins to wane, and while rainfall decreases, it remains significant in several regions. In the northern regions, defined by their arid and semi-arid climates, average daytime temperatures start to descend, settling between 35°C and 45°C. Weather in September »

Weather in October

In October, the gradual transition to the milder autumn season becomes more pronounced in Mexico. The temperatures continue to drop across the country, and the rainfall reduces considerably, indicating the end of the rainy season. In the northern arid and semi-arid regions, the average daytime temperatures fall further, ranging between 27°C and 35°C. Weather in October »

Weather in November

November in Mexico heralds the full arrival of the autumn season. This month is characterized by a steady decline in temperatures and an end to the rainy season, leading to drier and cooler conditions. The northern arid and semi-arid regions observe a further decrease in average daytime temperatures, with readings between 24°C and 31°C. Weather in November »

Weather in December

December in Mexico signifies the beginning of the winter season. The weather continues its transition towards cooler and drier conditions with a noticeable decline in temperatures, especially in the northern and central regions. In the northern arid and semi-arid areas, December sees daytime temperatures averaging between 20°C and 27°C. Weather in December »


Weather forecast for your location

1. Click Locate me button
2. Allow the app to use your location