The city of Mexico is the capital city of Mexico, as well as one of the most significant financial and cultural hubs of the entire Americas. The city is the most populated of all cities in North America, containing sixteen boroughs, and is located within the Valley of Mexico within the plateaus in the heart of Mexico. The main central square, Plaza de la Constitucion, is home to the majority of the beautiful spots including the iconic Templo Mayor, the stunning Cathedral Metropolitana, and the magnificent Palacio Nacional. Other attractions include numerous monuments, museums, and galleries featuring the history of Mexico, several zoos and conservations, as well as well-maintained parks and gardens for outdoor activities for the entire family. The lush Polanco District features numerous modern boutiques and shopping malls, as well as uncountable hotels and eateries serving both local delicacies and international cuisines and fusions.
Mexico experiences a subtropical highland climate that is classified as Cwb under the Köppen climatic classification. The lower boroughs receive moderately drier and warmer weather compared to the upper boroughs. Even in very cold weather, snowfall is extremely rare and has continued to drop even further with the eventual draining and disappearance of Lake Texcoco. There are two major seasons experienced in Mexico City: the dry and hot season and the rainy season. The rainy season is experienced from June to October, with July being the wettest month and the dry season runs from November to May with December being the driest month of the year. The dry season has two parts: the colder period and the warmer period. The warmer period runs from March through May and is characterized by the dominant tropical winds whereas the colder period extends from November to February and is usually marked with the polar air masses from the north. Generally, the temperature during the dry season is warm and pleasant, with the mercury stretching between 15.3°C (59.5°F) and 25.5°C (77.9°F). Cases of extremely scorching temperatures are very rare. Sunshine hours per day are ample, going up as high as eight and a half per day. The wet season registers slightly lower temperatures in the range of 12.5°C (54.5°F) and 25.2°C (77.4°F). The sunshine hours per day average six and a half, as most afternoons are crowned by heavy rainfall. The wettest month, July has the rain gauge recording up to 191mm (7.5") in precipitation on average, recorded from twenty-three and a half rainfall days averagely. Minor flooding and thunderstorms are reported periodically. The peak of the travel period is between December and March, during the dry season. During this period, the temperature remains mild and pleasant, and seeing that there are no weather interruptions, touring Mexico City becomes a lot easier. Around this time, there are numerous events and festivities to be attended that attract most tourists. In March the famous Festival del Centro Historico is held in the city to mark the celebration and appreciation of music art, opera shows, dance performances, visual arts, as well as theatre shows. On the first and second days of November, Mexico celebrates the Day of the Dead, commonly known as Dia de Muertos, where families come together to honor their departed friends and loved ones in many different ways.