is a country located in the northeastern Balkan Peninsula of southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Ukraine and Romania, with an area of 13,067 square miles (33,843 square kilometers). As of 2022, its estimated population is 2,553,000 people. The capital of Moldova is Chișinău, where nearly half the population is Moldovan, with large numbers of Russian and Ukrainian people living in Transdniestria (Transnistria; Pridnestrovie), the self-proclaimed republic located on the east bank of the Dniester River.
The official language of Moldova is Romanian, with Russian and Ukrainian also spoken throughout the country. Christianity (mostly Eastern Orthodox) and Islam are the predominant religions. The currency is the Moldovan leu (plural "lei").
Most of Moldova consists of a fertile region between the Dniester and Prut rivers, with northern and central regions of the country containing forests. The economy is mainly based on agriculture, with grapes, winter wheat, corn and dairy products as the main farm products. Food processing is the predominant form of industry.
Moldova is a unitary parliamentary republic, led by a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government. Its legislative body is Parliament, with 101 members. There is no official religion in Moldova.
As of 2020, the life expectancy at birth is 66.8 years for males and 75.1 years for females. The Gross National Income per capita was estimated to be US$4,570 in 2020. By 2030, the population is projected to increase to 3,192,000 people.