, an island country in the western South Pacific Ocean, is home to an estimated 14,000 people. Although there is no official capital, government offices are located in Yaren district. Nauruans make up two-thirds of the population, and the national language is Nauruan, while English is the language of business and government. The majority of the population is Protestant or Roman Catholic.
The Republic of Nauru covers just 8.2 square miles (21.2 square kilometers) and is comprised of a central plateau reaching heights of 30-60 meters (100-200 feet). Fertile land encircling the island serves as the main zone of human settlement. However, because of its lack of harbors, ships must anchor to buoys beyond the reef.
Nauru's economy was once based on phosphate mining and processing, which utilized the world’s largest concentration of phosphate. As these deposits have been depleted, the economy has shifted to fishing and other ventures.
Nauru is a republic with one legislative house, Parliament. Its head of state and government is the president. The currency is the Australian dollar, and the country’s GDP per capita was US$16,630 in 2019. Life expectancy at birth for males was 57 years and 64.5 years for females in 2013-2015.