The climate of the Netherlands
has a mainly temperate climate, with cool to mild summers and cold winters. The Netherlands is a country in Western Europe, with Germany in the east and Belgium in the south. The country has maritime borders with Germany, Belgium, and the United Kingdom in the North Sea in the northwest. The climate is oceanic (Köppen climate classification Cfb) in much of the country that lies in mainland Europe. A small part of the country lies in the Caribbean and has a tropical climate. The temperate latitudes, flat terrain, and proximity to large water bodies chiefly influence the climate.
The Netherlands is a temperature country 52°N of the equator. The country has an extremely low elevation and a mostly flat topography. Only fifty% of the land exceeds an elevation of 1 meter above sea level, while 17% lies below sea level. The north and west are low and flat. The south and east have slightly high elevations and are hilly. The central region has low hill ranges, while the far southeast has foothills up to a maximum height of 321 meters. Areas below sea level are mostly human-made through peat extraction or land reclamation. Dikes or embankments protect the land reclaimed from the sea. The Rhine, the Meuse, and the Scheldt are the chief rivers and form a delta in the southwest region. Vaalserberg, a hill at 322.4 meters in the southeast region, is the highest point in the European part of the Netherlands. Mount Scenery is the highest point at 887 meters in the Caribbean part of the Netherlands.
The Netherlands has cool, cloudy, and humid weather throughout the year. The climate is uniform across the country, but slightly continental in the interior. The coasts are cool and windy. The annual average temperatures range between 5°C (41°F) and 14.4°C (57.9°F). Summers are pleasant, but the sunshine is moderate at best. The average high temperatures are between 20°C (68°F) and 25°C (77°F) during the summer. Few days cross 29.4°C (84.9°F), mostly in the southeast. Winters are cold but remain mostly above freezing. The average low temperatures are between 0°C (32°F) and 4.4°C (39.9°F) during the cold season. In the winter, the Atlantic current pushes up the day temperatures above 10°C (50°F) for brief periods. Cold air from Eastern Europe pushes temperatures below freezing, even during the day. Snowfall is moderate and typically occurs after the return of the westerlies. Spring is cold in the first half but brings mild to warm weather by May
. Autumn is pleasant in the initial stages. By October
, the atmosphere is cloudy, cloud, and wet. The winds frequently blow, particularly in the autumn and the winter.
The annual average rainfall in the Netherlands ranges between 736.6mm (29") and 838.2mm (33"). Rainfall is moderate but frequent throughout the year. The precipitation is uniform due to the mostly flat terrain and the small area of the country. The clearest skies occur during the summer, and the cloudiest skies are in the winter. The sunshine is moderate and ranges from 1500 hours to 1800 hours annually. The daily sunshine lasts for hardly 2 hours in the winter and 7 hours in the summer. The average annual wind speeds are in the 12.9km/h (8mph) to 29km/h (18mph) zone. The windiest and cloudiest part of the year is between October and March
. The northwest coast is the windiest region in the country. The North Sea is cold, even in the summer, and temperatures range from 5°C (41°F) to 18.3°C (64.9°F) over the year.
The highest temperature on record in the Netherlands is 40.7°C (105.3°F) in Gilze en Rijen, set on July
25, 2019. The lowest temperature on record is -27.4°C (-17.3°F) in Winterswijk, set on January
The best time to visit the Netherlands
The best time to visit the Netherlands
is between May
. The conditions are comfortable from late spring to early autumn, although rain is frequent. The days are long and warm, and the daylight lasts up to 16.5 hours in the summer. The humidity levels are comfortable, and the daily sunshine keeps the clouds at bay. Summer brings clear skies and warm temperatures. May and June
see the blooming of tulips across the landscape. Beach holidays are best in the summer, with seawater temperatures above 15.6°C (60.1°F). Early autumn is colorful, and September registers day temperatures above 20°C (68°F).
The worst time to visit the Netherlands
The worst time to visit the Netherlands
is generally in the winter from December
. The cold season is prone to snow and frost. Nights occasionally drop below freezing, and even the days can be chilly. The relative humidity is high, and the atmosphere is dark, cloudy, and dull. However, snow lovers and adventure seekers crave for ice skating on the frozen canals amid a white landscape. Warm winter clothing becomes a necessity during outdoor trips. Winter storms are frequent and bring strong gusts along with them. The seawaters are extremely cold below 5°C (41°F) and not suitable for swimming.
faces weather hazards, mainly from storms and floods. Floods are a constant threat in the Netherlands due to an increase in river and seawater levels. The country's low elevation and surrounding large water bodies are favorable for water surges. A widespread system of dams, dunes, and dikes protects up to 50% of the total area from floods. The heavy storms from the northwest in the autumn and the winter pose a significant challenge. Surge barriers prevent the concerns of rising sea levels up to a certain degree. However, polder lands need continuous protection from floods.
Weather in January
is usually the coldest month of the year in the Netherlands
. The peak of the winter brings cold, dark, and dull conditions. Nights occasionally drop below freezing and the days are chilly. In Amsterdam in the west, the average temperatures are in the cold 0.6°C (33.1°F) to 5.6°C (42.1°F) range. Weather in January »
Weather in February
is cold and cloudy in the Netherlands
. The average temperatures in Rotterdam range between 0.6°C (33.1°F) to 6.7°C (44.1°F). In Venlo, the temperatures are slightly more, in the range of 1.1°C (34°F) to 7.8°C (46°F). Weather in February »
Weather in March
is cold and relatively dry in the early spring season in the Netherlands
. In the northern town of Groningen, the coldest region, average temperatures are in the range of 1.7°C (35.1°F) to 8.9°C (48°F). The southern region is the warmest, with the average temperatures in Eindhoven in the 2.2°C (36°F) to 10.6°C (51.1°F) zone. Weather in March »
Weather in April
is the driest month of the year in the Netherlands
. The precipitation ranges between 35.6mm (1.4") and 45.7mm (1.8") in most regions. Expect at least 9 wet days in the month. Tulips bloom everywhere, as the average temperatures register in the mild 3.3°C (37.9°F) to 15°C (59°F) range. Weather in April »
Weather in May
is warm and beautiful in the spring season in the Netherlands
. Temperatures warm up significantly by the second half of the month. The atmosphere is bright and pleasant, with 7 hours of sunlight every day. The average temperatures in Rotterdam in the west register in the comfortable range of 7.8°C (46°F) to 17.8°C (64°F). Weather in May »
Weather in June
is the beginning of the warm summer season in the Netherlands
. The days are warm and the nights are cold. The skies are clear up to 54% of the time. The average temperatures are in the comfortable range of 9.4°C (48.9°F) to 21.7°C (71.1°F). Weather in June »
Weather in July
is the warmest month in the Netherlands
, with average temperatures between 11.7°C (53.1°F) and 23.3°C (73.9°F). The Azores High can warm up the temperatures, especially in the southeast. In Eindhoven, average high temperatures are between 22.2°C (72°F) and 24.4°C (75.9°F). Weather in July »
Weather in August
is warm and pleasant in the summer in the Netherlands
. The first week of August is usually the brightest of the year, with clear skies up to 56% of the time. The sunshine is moderate and lasts up to 7 hours every day. The long summer days gradually decrease in daylight to register at 13.5 hours by the end of the month. The average temperatures in Amsterdam are in the warm 13.3°C (55.9°F) to 21.7°C (71.1°F) range. Weather in August »
Weather in September
is warm and colorful in the autumn season in the Netherlands
. The average temperatures are in the comfortable range of 9.4°C (48.9°F) to 19.4°C (66.9°F). The fall colors are evident in the landscape. The temperatures begin to drop in the second half of September. The rainfall picks up gradually and registers between 76.2mm (3") to 88.9mm (3.5"), with at least 12 wet days in the month. Weather in September »
Weather in October
is a mild to cool autumn month in the Netherlands
, with the fall colors at their peak. The daily sunshine lasts only for 4 hours, and the sunrays are weak. The daylight decreases rapidly from 11.5 hours to less than 10 hours by the month-end. Weather in October »
Weather in November
is cold, cloudy, and windy in the late autumn season in the Netherlands
. The average precipitation registers 88.9mm (3.5"), with a 50% possibility of a wet day. The skies are overcast up to 66% of the time. The dark skies allow hardly 2 hours of sunshine every day. Weather in November »
Weather in December
is the beginning of the cold and dark winter in the Netherlands
. The average temperatures are in the cold range of 0°C (32°F) to 6.7°C (44.1°F) in most regions. Much of the country receives less than 2 hours of sunlight every day. Weather in December »