is a western U.S. state located in the Great Basin region of the United States. Covering an area of 110,572 square miles (286,380 sq km), it is the seventh largest state in the country. As of 2022, it has an estimated population of 3,177,772, making it the thirty-fourth most populous state in the U.S. The capital city of Nevada is Carson City.
Nevada borders Oregon, Idaho, Utah, Arizona, and California, with the Colorado River forming its southeastern boundary. It is home to the Black Rock Desert in its northwest. Evidence suggests that human settlement in this region dates back over 20,000 years, and artifacts such as dwellings and rock art are testament to this. Nevada became the 36th state in the Union in 1864, after first becoming the Territory of Nevada in 1861.
The state's transition to a modern economy began during the Great Depression, when gambling was legalized. Additionally, the construction of the Hoover Dam helped to improve the economic situation in Southern Nevada. In the 1950s, Nevada also became the main site for atomic-energy experiments. Although mining and agriculture have traditionally been the main sources of income for the state, these have since been overtaken by government activity and tourism. Las Vegas, Reno, and Lake Tahoe have become major tourist attractions.
Nicknamed the 'Sagebrush State', 'Silver State', and 'Battle Born State', Nevada has a motto of “All For Our Country”. Its state bird is the mountain bluebird and its state flower is the sagebrush. The official state song is “Home Means Nevada”. Nevada has four representatives in the U.S. House of Representatives out of 435. It operates within the Pacific Time Zone (GMT-8).