is a Central American nation with a population of around 6.8 million people as of 2023. Situated between Honduras and Costa Rica, Nicaragua is known for its mountainous landscape and dormant volcanoes. The country is divided into two regions – the Pacific Coast and the Caribbean Mosquito Coast – and has a developing market economy largely based on agriculture, light industries, and trade. Spanish is the official language, but indigenous languages and English are also widely spoken.
The government of Nicaragua is a unitary multiparty republic with one legislative house, the National Assembly. The head of state and government is the president. Christianity is the predominant religion, with Roman Catholicism and Protestantism being the main denominations.
The currency of Nicaragua is the córdoba, and its total area is 50,337 square miles (130,373 square kilometers). Its population density is 133.8 persons per square mile (51.7 per square kilometer). The life expectancy at birth is 72.6 years for males and 78.9 years for females. The literacy rate is 82% for males and 83% for females. The gross national income (GNI) per capita is U.S. $1,850 in 2020.