North Dakota, USA
is a state in the north-central United States. It occupies an area of 70,698 square miles (183,108 sq km), and has an estimated population of 779,261 people as of 2022. Its capital city is Bismarck. North Dakota borders the Canadian province of Manitoba to the north and the US states of Minnesota, South Dakota, and Montana to the east, south, and west respectively. The Missouri River passes through the state and the Red River forms its eastern boundary.
In the twentieth century, North Dakota's history was marked by the increased mechanization of agriculture, larger farms, and the decline of rural populations. In the 1950s, the state became a major producer of oil and in the 1960s it had air bases and missile sites constructed. The main cities are Fargo, Grand Forks, and Minot.
Nicknamed the Peace Garden State, Flickertail State, and Sioux State, North Dakota's motto is “Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable”. The state bird is the western meadowlark and the flower is the wild prairie rose. The official state song is “North Dakota Hymn”. The state is represented in the House of Representatives by one seat out of 435. It is located in both the Mountain and Central time zones.