is a beautiful island country located in the western Pacific Ocean, comprising an archipelago of more than 7,000 islands. It covers an area of 114,145 square miles (295,633 sq km), and its estimated population for 2023 is 114,755,000.
Manila is the capital of the Philippines, where the government offices and ministries are based. However, some government departments may also be based in Quezon City and other Manila suburbs. The population is mostly of Malay descent, with many having Chinese or Spanish ancestry.
The two main languages spoken in the Philippines are Filipino (Pilipino) and English, though there are many other languages including Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon, and Bicol that are also widely used. Christianity (predominantly Roman Catholic) and Islam are the predominant religions in the Philippines. The currency is the Philippine piso (peso).
The Philippines is a unitary republic with two legislative houses: the Senate and House of Representatives. The president is both head of state and government. The economy is mainly based on agriculture, light industries, and services.
The geography of the Philippines is varied and includes inactive volcanoes, mountain ranges, and other features. Luzon is the largest island in the north, while Mindanao is the largest island in the south. The Visayan group is in the central Philippines, Mindoro is directly south of Luzon, and Palawan is isolated in the west.
The official exchange rate is 1 US Dollar to 54.038 Philippine pesos. As of 2020, the gross national income (GNI) was 375,997 million US dollars, with a GNI per capita at 3,430 US dollars. Life expectancy at birth for males and females in 2019 was 66.3 years and 73.5 years respectively. In 2018, 46.9% of the population lived in urban areas, while 53.1% lived in rural areas.
The Philippines is a vibrant nation with a diverse culture and rich history. It is renowned for its friendly people, stunning scenery, and incredible food.