is a small, yet beautiful country located on the western coast of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It has an area of 35,608 square miles and a population estimated to be 10,296,000 in 2023. Lisbon is the capital city of Portugal and most of its inhabitants are Portuguese speakers. Christianity is the predominant religion in the country, with the majority being Roman Catholic. The official currency of Portugal is the euro.
The country is divided in half by the Tagus River, with the highlands mostly located north of the river and extending towards Spain. Portugal has a diversified economy in which both public and private sectors are actively involved. After the military coup in 1974, many industries were nationalized, but some have since been returned to the private sector starting from the late 1980s. Vehicle manufacturing is a major industry, but light industries such as textiles, clothing, paper and wood products, and chemicals are also very important.
Politically, Portugal is a republic with a unicameral legislature, the Assembly of the Republic. The head of state is the president and the head of government is the prime minister. The Azores and Madeira Islands are administratively part of Portugal.
In terms of facts, the official language of Portugal is Portuguese, there is no official religion, and the total area of the country is 92,225 sq km. Its population ranking as of 2022 is 90 and its population projection for 2030 is 9,848,000. The life expectancy at birth for males (2017-2019) is 78 years and for females (2017-2019) is 83.5 years. The Gross National Income (GNI) in 2020 was 226,737 U.S Dollars and Gross National Income per capita was 22,000 U.S Dollars.
- Tower of Belém - landmark medieval fortified tower on a tiny river island with a rooftop terrace offering estuary views.
- Jerónimos Monastery - late Gothic Manueline-style monastery housing archaeology and maritime museums in its wings.
- Castelo de S. Jorge - 11th-century, hilltop Moorish castle and royal residence with palace ruins and archaeological museum.
- Oceanário de Lisboa - modern, waterside aquarium with ocean habitats for sharks, rays, penguins and tropical fish.
- Padrão dos Descobrimentos - statue built in 1940 and made permanent in 1960 to mark 500 years since Henry the Navigator's death.
- Lisbon Cathedral - earthquakes have led to this cathedral being rebuilt many times in different architectural styles.
- National Pantheon - the 17th-century baroque church turned into a modern-day mausoleum for tombs of national celebrities.
- Miradouro de São Pedro de Alcântara - this sizable, landscaped terrace with a fountain offers panoramic views of the city.
- National Azulejo Museum - museum of decorative azulejo tiles housed in a 16th-century monastery with a spectacular chapel.
- Lisbon, Portugal - official website