Climate and monthly weather forecast
Makhachkala, Russia


The climate of Makhachkala

Makhachkala, Russia shares its climate attributes with those under the Köppen Climate Classification Cfa - representative of humid subtropical climates, without a dry season. Makhachkala's geographical position contributes significantly to its climatological features. The annual weather trends will typically follow a pattern predictable by examining the detailed monthly data.

Throughout the year, temperatures in Makhachkala fluctuate from a meagre -1.4°C (29.5°F) to a high of 28.9°C (84°F). The climate sees the high temperature averages range from a chilly 4.2°C (39.6°F) in the winter months climbing to a hot 28.7°C (83.7°F) come summer. On the opposite end, the low average temperatures follow a similar pattern, rising from -1.5°C (29.3°F) in the colder months to a warm 20.5°C (68.9°F) in the peak of summer.

Rainfall in Makhachkala does not follow a definitive pattern, with the average monthly precipitation ranging from 17mm (0.67") in April to 46mm (1.81") in September. The city experiences rain on average for 5 days a month, with exceptions of 6 days in January, February, and December. Daylight hours follow a natural progression, peaking at 15.3 hours in June from a low 9.1 hours in December.

Makhachkala's sunshine hours emphasize its Cfa climate classification as they peak at 9.3 hours in June, decreasing to a minimum of 2.2 hours in December. The fluctuation of these hours indicates a direct correlation with daylight hours.

The best time to visit Makhachkala

Considering the array of climatological parameters, June through August comprises the best months to visit Makhachkala. During this period, the city basks in 15 to 15.3 hours of daylight and 8.7 to 9.3 hours of sunshine, creating optimal conditions for outdoor activities. The average high temperatures range from 25.9°C (78.6°F) to 28.9°C (84°F), while the lows range from 17.7°C (63.9°F) to 20.7°C (69.3°F), making for comfortable days and nights. Rainfall is relatively low, with an average of 22mm (0.87") to 28mm (1.1"), spread over 4 to 5 days in a month.

The worst time to visit Makhachkala

Based on the climatological data, the least ideal months to visit Makhachkala fall between December and February. These months record the lowest average temperatures of the year, ranging from -1.5°C (29.3°F) to 1.9°C (35.4°F) for lows and 4.2°C (39.6°F) to 7.8°C (46°F) for highs. Daylight hours are limited, descending to a bottom 9.1 hours in December and climbing slightly to 10.5 hours come February. Sunshine hours are also at their lowest, with December offering merely 2.2 hours.

Spring weather in Makhachkala

Spring in Makhachkala spans from March to May, bringing an upward trend in temperatures, daylight, and sunshine hours. High temperatures average between 7.8°C (46°F) in March, gradually rising to 20.2°C (68.4°F) in May, while low averages ascend from 1.9°C (35.4°F) to 12.6°C (54.7°F). Daylight hours increase continually from 11.9 to 14.7 hours, while sunshine hours see a surge from 3.4 to 7.9 hours. Rainfall, however, does not follow this trend, with the rainfall varies from 22mm (0.87") to 32mm (1.26") and rainy days range from 4 days in April and May to 5 days in March.

Summer weather in Makhachkala

The summer months of June through August present the warmest temperatures of the year. Average highs stay between 25.9°C (78.6°F) to 28.9°C (84°F) and lows range between 17.7°C (63.9°F) to 20.7°C (69.3°F). Daylight peaks in June at 15.3 hours and holds steady over the summer months while the city will enjoy between 8.7 and 9.3 hours of sunshine. Rainfall is relatively stable, ranging from 22mm (0.87") to 28mm (1.1") spread across 4 to 5 days in each summer month.

Autumn weather in Makhachkala

Autumn in Makhachkala, occupying September to November, sees a considerable decline in temperatures. Highs decrease from 23.8°C (74.8°F) to 10.7°C (51.3°F), with lows descending from 16.5°C (61.7°F) to 4.5°C (40.1°F). Daylight hours recede from 12.5 hours to 9.8 hours, and sunshine hours follow suit, diminishing from 6.5 hours to 2.7 hours. Rainfall encounters a rise from 46mm (1.81") to 41mm (1.61") over the autumn months, with the city experiencing approximately 5 rainy days per month.

Winter weather in Makhachkala

The winter months of December through February mark the coldest season in Makhachkala. Average highs descend to between 4.2°C (39.6°F) and 7.8°C (46°F), with low averages shifting from -1.5°C (29.3°F) to 1.9°C (35.4°F). Daylight hours are minimal, varying from 9.1 hours to 10.5 hours and the number of sunshine hours dwindle from 2.2 hours in December to 2.6 hours in February. The city sees an increased rainfall during winter, with precipitation values ranging from 27mm (1.06") to 32mm (1.26") over an average of 6 rainy days per month.

Weather in January

The onset of the new year in Makhachkala, Russia, journeys into the depths of winter. The cold is well and truly established, and the thermometers reach their minimum, recording temperatures from -1.4°C (29.5°F) to 4.2°C (39.6°F). Weather in January »

Weather in February

Transitioning from January to February, Makhachkala experiences greater daylight hours, reaching a monthly average of 10.5 hours. However, the winter chill endures, making February one of the coldest months of the year. Similar to the previous month, the weather persists as cold and enigmatic. Weather in February »

Weather in March

March in Makhachkala marks the onset of spring, greeting residents with a subtle yet appreciable rise in temperatures. Noticeably milder conditions prevail, with the average temperatures ranging from 1.9°C (35.4°F) to 7.8°C (46°F). Weather in March »

Weather in April

The April weather in Makhachkala witnesses a decisive swing towards milder conditions. Temperature variations begin to stretch, with averages fluctuating from 7.1°C (44.8°F) to 14.3°C (57.7°F). The sun ascends to dominance, marking brighter, longer days with an average of 13.4 sunlight hours. Weather in April »

Weather in May

May ushers in the authentic feeling of spring into the city of Makhachkala. A significant rise in temperatures is observed, averaging between 12.6°C (54.7°F) to 20.2°C (68.4°F). The city dawns a fresh and vibrant look as flora and fauna respond to the pleasant weather. Weather in May »

Weather in June

June introduces the summertime to Makhachkala, with temperatures escalating noticeably from previous months. The city basks in warm temperatures from 17.7°C (63.9°F) to 25.9°C (78.6°F), marking it as the start of the hot season. Weather in June »

Weather in July

July stands as the pinnacle of summer in the city of Makhachkala. This month experiences the highest average temperatures, ranging from 20.7°C (69.3°F) to 28.9°C (84°F). The city radiates under the summer sun and becomes a hotspot for beach and sea activities. Weather in July »

Weather in August

Retaining the high-temperature trend, August in Makhachkala carries the essence of summer, with temperatures hovering from 20.5°C (68.9°F) to 28.7°C (83.7°F). Despite being similar to July in its warmth, August sees a slightly reduced number of daylight hours. Weather in August »

Weather in September

September brings a subtle transition in Makhachkala's weather pattern. Though summer warmth persists with temperatures from 16.5°C (61.7°F) to 23.8°C (74.8°F), the trend starts tilting towards milder conditions. Daylight hours reduce, marking fewer daylight hours than in August. Weather in September »

Weather in October

In October, Makhachkala fully embraces the autumn season. Temperatures introduce a distinct coolness absent in previous months, with averages fluctuating between 10.6°C (51.1°F) and 17.4°C (63.3°F). The reduction in daylight hours allows for cooler, longer nights. Weather in October »

Weather in November

November stages the steady march towards winter in Makhachkala. The average temperatures range from 4.5°C (40.1°F) to 10.7°C (51.3°F), reflecting the descending temperature trend. The city experiences less sunshine, with daylight hours decreasing yet again. Weather in November »

Weather in December

December marks the arrival of winter, and Makhachkala rounds the year under the spell of cold temperatures, varying from 0°C (32°F) to 5.7°C (42.3°F). As daylight dips to its lowest point, averaging around 9.1 hours, shorter days dominate. Weather in December »

Frequently asked questions

What is the coldest month in Makhachkala?

Makhachkala sees its lowest temperatures during January and February, with an average high-temperature of 4.2°C (39.6°F).

How many days does it rain in Makhachkala?

Throughout the year, in Makhachkala, Russia, there are 59 rainfall days, and 365mm (14.37") of precipitation is accumulated.

What is the driest month in Makhachkala?

The month with the least rainfall in Makhachkala, Russia, is April, when the rain falls for 4 days and typically collects 17mm (0.67") of precipitation.

When are the longest days in Makhachkala?

The month with the longest days in Makhachkala is June, with an average of 15h and 18min of daylight.

What month has the most sunshine in Makhachkala?

The month with the most sunshine is June, with an average of 9.3h of sunshine.

What time of the year is the hottest in Makhachkala?

Makhachkala's warmest weather arrives in July, when temperatures average a high of 28.9°C (84°F) and a low of 20.7°C (69.3°F).

What is the rainiest month in Makhachkala?

September is the month with the most rainfall in Makhachkala. Rain falls for 5 days and accumulates 46mm (1.81") of precipitation.

What is the month with the shortest days in Makhachkala?

The month with the shortest days in Makhachkala is December, with an average of 9h and 6min of daylight.

Is there Daylight Saving Time (DST) in Makhachkala?

Makhachkala, Russia, does not utilize Daylight Saving Time (DST). MSK timezone is used throughout the entire year.

What is the month with the least sunshine in Makhachkala?

With an average of 2.2h of sunshine, December has the least sunshine of the year in Makhachkala, Russia.

Average temperature
Makhachkala, Russia

Average temperature - Makhachkala, Russia

The warmest month (with the highest average high temperature) is July (28.9°C).
The months with the lowest average high temperature are January and February (4.2°C).

The month with the highest average low temperature is July (20.7°C).
The coldest month (with the lowest average low temperature) is February (-1.5°C).


Average rainfall
Makhachkala, Russia

Average rainfall - Makhachkala, Russia

The wettest month (with the highest rainfall) is September (46mm).
The driest month (with the least rainfall) is April (17mm).


Average rainfall days
Makhachkala, Russia

Average rainfall days - Makhachkala, Russia

The months with the highest number of rainy days are January, February and December (6 days).
The months with the least rainy days are April, May, July and August (4 days).


Average daylight / Average sunshine
Makhachkala, Russia

Average daylight / Average sunshine - Makhachkala, Russia

The month with the longest days is June (Average daylight: 15h and 18min).
The month with the shortest days is December (Average daylight: 9h and 6min).

The month with the most sunshine is June (Average sunshine: 9h and 18min).
The month with the least sunshine is December (Average sunshine: 2h and 12min).


Makhachkala, Russia

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