is a country located in northeastern Africa, covering an area of 644,329 square kilometers and with an estimated population of 14.7 million people in 2023. The capital city is Juba and the official working language is English, though other indigenous languages and Arabic are also widely spoken. Christianity and traditional beliefs are the main religions practiced by South Sudanese, while Islam is also present in some areas. The currency used is the South Sudan pound.
The land of South Sudan is largely dominated by the vast Al-Sudd swamp, but it still contains rainforests and savannas. It is home to a variety of wildlife including lions, elephants, and gazelles, as well as being traversed by the Nile River. The economy of South Sudan is primarily dependent on oil and agriculture, with sorghum and peanuts among the chief crops and petroleum as the main export.
The government of South Sudan is a transitional one, made up of two legislative bodies—the National Legislative Assembly (3322) and the Council of States (503). The head of state and government is the president. South Sudan has no official religion, but the literacy rate of its citizens is low, with 40% of males and 29% of females aged 15 and over being literate. The Gross National Income (GNI) of South Sudan in 2019 was 4,769 U.S.$ thousand million, resulting in a GNI per capita of 373 U.S.$ for the same year.