is a multi-party republic located off the southeastern coast of China in the western Pacific Ocean. It includes the islands of Matsu, Quemoy and the Pescadores as well as Taiwan itself, and has been the principle component of the Republic of China since 1949. With a population of over 23 million people, it is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.
Taiwan has an economy largely based on manufacturing, international trade and services, with major exports including non-electrical and electrical machinery, electronics, textiles, plastics and transportation equipment. It is also a major producer of Chinese-language films. The country covers an area of 36,197 square kilometers, with its main landmass composed of mountains and hills and densely populated coastal plains in the west.
The official language of Taiwan is Mandarin Chinese, although Taiwanese, Fukien and Hakka dialects are also spoken. Buddhism, Daoism, Confucianism and Christianity are all practiced in the country. The government is headed by the president and the premier, while the legislative branch is represented by the Legislative Yuan. The currency of Taiwan is the new Taiwan dollar.
According to estimates for 2023, the population of Taiwan stands at 23,205,000 people, with Han Chinese making up virtually the entire population. Life expectancy at birth is 77.6 years for men and 84.1 years for women, while the Gross National Income (GNI) per capita stands at US$25,881.
- National Taiwan Museum - venerable national museum with a variety of exhibits, including history and natural history.
- Taipei 101 Observatory - sleek 89th-floor observation deck offering sweeping, 360º city views and a souvenir shop.
- Lungshan Temple - historic Buddhist and Taoist temple. This well-known temple originally built in the 1700s honors both Buddhist and Taoist deities.
- National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall - celebrated memorial hall with history exhibits surrounded by a large park with fish ponds and gardens.
- National Palace Museum - bustling museum featuring one of the largest collections of Chinese art and artifacts in the world.
- Taipei, Taiwan - official website