is a beautiful East African country located on the Equator, boasting spectacular volcanic mountain ranges that outline its western and eastern borders. With an area of 93,265 square miles (241,555 square kilometers) and an estimated population of 44,269,000 people in 2022, Uganda is home to dozens of African ethnic groups, as well as a small Asian community. English and Swahili are the official languages, while Christianity (mostly Roman Catholic, also Protestant) and Islam are the most widely practiced religions.
The country is landlocked and features Lake Victoria, which occupies virtually all of southeastern Uganda. Other major lakes in the country include Lakes Albert, Kyoga, Edward, George, and Bisina. The Nile River also traverses the country, and huge tracts of land are devoted to national parks and game reserves.
The Ugandan economy is largely based on agriculture and food processing, with livestock raising and fishing also playing important roles. There is some manufacturing and mining activity within the country as well.
Uganda is a multiparty republic with one legislative house—Parliament—led by President Yoweri Museveni and the Prime Minister. The official currency is the Uganda shilling.
Life expectancy at birth is 65.5 years for males and 70 years for females, while literacy among adults aged 15 and older stands at 83% among males and 71% among females. The Gross National Income (GNI) per capita in 2020 was US$800 and the total GNI of the country was US$36,421 million.