Climate and monthly weather forecast
Western Sahara

Flag of Western Sahara
Flag of Western Sahara

The climate of Western Sahara

Western Sahara is a region situated on the northwestern coast of Africa, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west and the Sahara Desert on the east. It is known for its typical desert landscape, consisting of sand dunes, plains, and mountainous areas, with little vegetation due to the arid climate. The climate in Western Sahara reflects its geographical position, exhibiting characteristics of the "Bwh" classification under the Köppen climate system, indicating a hot desert climate. Over the year, this region experiences significantly low precipitation with high temperature variations. The annual rainfall usually measures less than 100mm (3.94"), while the average temperature of the hottest month exceeds 18°C (64.4°F). The region experiences a high amount of sunshine, and dust storms are a common occurrence due to strong winds and loose, sandy soil.

The Best Time to Visit Western Sahara

The most suitable time to visit Western Sahara is from November to March. During these months, the weather remains relatively mild, with daytime temperatures fluctuating from 22°C (71.6°F) to 27°C (80.6°F). The cool Atlantic breezes offset the arid desert conditions, creating a tolerable climate for visitors. Moreover, the chances of rainfall are minimal, enhancing travel convenience. However, nights can get chilly, dropping to 13°C (55.4°F) to 15°C (59°F), so it is advisable to pack warm clothing for the evenings.

The Worst Time to Visit Western Sahara

The months from May to September in Western Sahara are the most challenging for visitors, as these constitute the peak summer season. During this period, temperatures can soar up to a scorching 40°C (104°F) or even higher. Moreover, the relentless desert wind, combined with minimal cloud cover, can make the heat feel even more intense. This extreme heat, coupled with the omnipresent dust and sand, can prove to be quite harsh for unacclimated travelers.

Spring Weather in Western Sahara

Springtime, from March to May, in Western Sahara sees an incremental rise in temperatures. Daytime temperatures range from 27°C (80.6°F) to 34°C (93.2°F), providing warm and clear days. Nighttime temperatures, however, remain cool, with averages from 15°C (59°F) to 20°C (68°F). Precipitation is scarce during spring, continuing the arid conditions, while wind speeds tend to increase, leading to occasional sandstorms.

Summer Weather in Western Sahara

Summers in Western Sahara, from June to September, are extremely hot and arid. The temperatures during the day frequently exceed 40°C (104°F), offering a challenging climate for outdoor activities. The nighttime temperatures offer a slight respite, varying from 24°C (75.2°F) to 28°C (82.4°F). Precipitation is nearly non-existent, and dust storms are more frequent during these months due to high winds and parched soil.

Autumn Weather in Western Sahara

Autumn in Western Sahara, observed from October to November, brings a gradual decrease in temperatures. Daytime temperatures shift from 36°C (96.8°F) in October to 29°C (84.2°F) in November. Nighttime temperatures also fall, presenting more comfortable conditions, ranging from 20°C (68°F) to 15°C (59°F). The weather remains dry, with precipitation continuing to be a rarity. Dust storms start to subside as wind speeds decrease during these months.

Winter Weather in Western Sahara

Winter in Western Sahara, from December to February, is the coolest time of the year. Daytime temperatures stay between 22°C (71.6°F) to 27°C (80.6°F), providing a more pleasant atmosphere for exploring. Nighttime temperatures can drop to 13°C (55.4°F) to 15°C (59°F), making nights quite chilly. The region remains dry, receiving minimal precipitation, and wind speeds are lower, reducing the frequency of dust storms.

Weather in January

January in Western Sahara marks the heart of the winter season. Characterized by mild temperatures, this month provides the most temperate weather conditions throughout the year in this desert region. The daytime temperatures usually fluctuate from 22°C (71.6°F) to 24°C (75.2°F), making it one of the coolest months of the year. Weather in January »

Weather in February

February continues the winter season in Western Sahara, but it begins to show signs of a slight increase in temperature compared to January. Daytime temperatures typically range from 24°C (75.2°F) to 26°C (78.8°F), giving the region slightly warmer days. Weather in February »

Weather in March

March signals the onset of spring in Western Sahara and is marked by a gradual increase in temperature. Daytime temperatures typically lie between 27°C (80.6°F) to 29°C (84.2°F), which are noticeably warmer than those in February. Weather in March »

Weather in April

April in Western Sahara marks a further progression into the spring season, bringing warmer temperatures across the region. Daytime temperatures typically range from 29°C (84.2°F) to 31°C (87.8°F), representing a noticeable increase from March. Weather in April »

Weather in May

May in Western Sahara signifies the beginning of the hot summer season. This month sees a substantial rise in temperatures, with daytime highs typically fluctuating between 31°C (87.8°F) to 34°C (93.2°F). Despite the rising daytime heat, the nights continue to provide some relief, with temperatures dropping to between 19°C (66.2°F) to 21°C (69.8°F). The arid climate of Western Sahara continues in May, with minimal rainfall, often recording less than 10mm (0.39"). Weather in May »

Weather in June

June in Western Sahara signifies the full onset of the intense summer heat. Daytime temperatures typically vary between 34°C (93.2°F) to 37°C (98.6°F), making it one of the hottest months of the year. Despite the soaring daytime heat, the nights provide some respite with temperatures falling to between 21°C (69.8°F) to 24°C (75.2°F). Similar to the previous months, June remains extremely dry in Western Sahara, with the region recording less than 10mm (0.39") of average rainfall. Weather in June »

Weather in July

July in Western Sahara is generally the hottest month of the year, with the summer heat reaching its peak. Daytime temperatures typically range from 36°C (96.8°F) to 39°C (102.2°F), providing an intense, scorching heat across the region. Weather in July »

Weather in August

August in Western Sahara signals a gradual transition from the peak summer season, with a slight decrease in temperatures compared to July. Daytime temperatures typically fluctuate between 35°C (95°F) to 38°C (100.4°F). Despite the minor decrease in heat, August remains quite hot. Weather in August »

Weather in September

September in Western Sahara marks the beginning of autumn and is characterized by a further decrease in temperatures. Daytime temperatures typically range from 34°C (93.2°F) to 36°C (96.8°F), offering a noticeable respite from the summer heat. Weather in September »

Weather in October

October in Western Sahara indicates a further progression into the autumn season, with a continued decrease in temperatures. Daytime temperatures typically range from 32°C (89.6°F) to 34°C (93.2°F), providing a continued respite from the summer heat. Weather in October »

Weather in November

November in Western Sahara signifies a further advancement into the autumn season, characterized by an additional decrease in temperatures. Daytime temperatures typically range from 28°C (82.4°F) to 30°C (86°F), providing an even more noticeable relief from the earlier summer heat. Weather in November »

Weather in December

December in Western Sahara marks the onset of winter, characterized by a substantial decrease in temperatures compared to the autumn months. Daytime temperatures typically range from 24°C (75.2°F) to 26°C (78.8°F), offering a significant contrast to the heat experienced earlier in the year. Weather in December »

Western Sahara

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