Melbourne is the capital city of the Australian State of Victoria that is located to the southeast of Australia, as well as the most populated city of Australia. Melbourne is also the second most populated city in Australia, established on August 30th, 1835. With a convenient location on the Port Philip Bay, Melbourne has continually grown to become the present-day financial leading center in the Asia and Pacific regions. At the heart of Melbourne is where the Federation Square is set. Numerous bars, plazas, bazaars, and high-end restaurants have been set up along the shores of the Yarra River. Most shopping options and delicious dishes can be found here. The famous Melbourne Arts Precinct is located in the Southbank region. It an essential performing arts institution, coupling up as the Victorian National Gallery, which displays beautiful Australian artwork and other original antique pieces. The cultural development and history of the people of Melbourne have been well represented within the Melbourne Museum in forms of beautiful art and craftwork, as well as in the Royal Exhibition Building. The diverse cultural approaches to the local settlement have been displayed in the form of ancient artwork and antiques in the Chinese Museum and the detailed Immigration Museum. More of the historical approaches have been preserved in the Old Melbourne Gaol, especially those that depict the prison life and stories of the nineteenth century. Tourists like to visit Queen Victoria Market as the ultimate shopping destination for all their shopping needs. The market was established in the Victorian era and is filled with numerous food courts and stalls with all kinds of foods. More of the shopping destinations are available at the famous laneways shopping arcades. The complex was also established in the nineteenth century, and it features numerous cafes, inviting food courts, beautiful galleries, and stunning high-end boutiques for all the fashion item needs. For a more outdoor touch on fun and exploration, visitors take to the Yarra Park to partake of the charming ambiance at the Melbourne Cricket Grounds. Watching games and taking pictures are everyday activities here. The nearby Royal Botanic Gardens that are set beautifully on the riverside offer shelter to more than ten thousand species of indigenous and exotic plants that provide for an active tourist attraction spot.
Melbourne has a temperate oceanic climate. The summers range anything from warm to hot and are often characterized by very changeable weather. Summer is volatile, and the unpredictable weather can result in extreme weather conditions like thunderstorms and strong cold fronts, as well as hail and gales. Winter, on the other hand, is calmer and has no extreme weather changeability. Winter runs from June to August and is characterized by mild temperature, very calm weather, and mostly damp and cloudy days. The peak of the traveling season is between December and March, during summer. Even though the weather is quite changeable, this is the time when various attractive activities and events take place. The first of the events is the Australian Open Tennis finals that happen every January, attracting spectators and gamers from far and wide. Next, there is the Midsumma Festival that takes place between January and February, with a big focus on the LBGT community's rights and freedoms. The Moomba Arts Festival occurs in March every year, where the people of Melbourne gather to celebrate and appreciate the fantastic drawing art. Next up, in September, the Royal Melbourne show is celebrated amid stunning parade shows and carnival performances. One of the events that make a must-attend is the Melbourne Festival and agricultural fair that happens every October, marked with numerous free carnival performances.