Climate and monthly weather forecast
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The climate of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina has diverse climate types that range from humid continental (Köppen classification Dfb) in the northern plains and west-central parts to oceanic (Cfb) in the north-central area and humid subtropical (Cfa) in the south to the Mediterranean (Csa) around the narrow stretch adjoining the Adriatic Sea. Summers vary from warm to hot and dry, while winters range from mild to cold and wet. Bosnia and Herzegovina shares borders with Serbia in the east, Montenegro in the southeast, Croatia in the southwest and north, and a small stretch of the Adriatic Sea in the south. The distance from the Adriatic Sea, altitude and temperate latitudes influence the climate of Bosnia and Herzegovina primarily.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is mostly a mountainous country in southeastern Europe, which is a part of the western Balkan region that stretches up to the Pannonian basin in its northeastern areas. Bosnia forms the northern part which is approximately four-fifths of the total area of the country, while Herzegovina occupies the rest in the south. The topography consists of high mountains in the central region such as Prenj, Cvrsnica, and Vlasic, while Eastern Bosnia has dense forests, rivers, and mountains. Northern Bosnia and Herzegovina in the south have fertile agricultural farmlands particularly around the river basins such as the Sava and the Posavina. Forests occupy 50% of the country's land area, and the biodiversity is vast.

The best time to visit Bosnia and Herzegovina

The best time to visit Bosnia and Herzegovina is from June to September, while May offers temperate weather. The usually wet country sees moderate precipitation during the summer and early autumn. The temperatures are warm in June while it gets progressively hotter in the summer and the southern coastal areas may be a touch uncomfortable in July and August. The rest of the country has mostly temperate summers, and the sunshine and weather are particularly pleasant in the highlands. September holds promise for tourists who prefer to avoid the peak summer with a slight increase in rainfall.

The worst time to visit Bosnia and Herzegovina

The worst time to visit Bosnia and Herzegovina is the harsh winter season from December to February when the temperatures regularly drop below freezing. The majority of the landscape experiences cold and snowy winters except for the southern regions, which tend to be milder than the rest of the country. Snow accumulates in large amounts in the Alps, which draws winter sports lovers to the mountain slopes. The days are short in the cold season, and the skies are gloomy as the sunshine hardly lasts for more than 2 to 3 hours daily in most areas.

Spring weather in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Spring in Bosnia and Herzegovina is mild and pleasant, presenting the country in a fresh and verdant guise. The season progresses to bring increasingly warm and balmy weather, making outdoor activities enjoyable. The forests, occupying about 50% of the country's land area, burst into a palette of greens, offering mesmerizing landscapes. This period also marks a transition from the country's harsh winter, making it an opportune time to experience the country's biodiversity.

Summer weather in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Summers in Bosnia and Herzegovina are characterized by warm to hot and dry weather. The northern plains keep their cool with temperatures rarely exceeding 35°C (95°F), whereas the southern part can experience heat peaking at 37.8°C (100°F). Despite occasional heatwaves, the country's summer remains comfortable, largely owing to the mountainous terrain and the Adriatic Sea's proximity.

Autumn weather in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Autumn witnesses a transition from warm to cooler temperatures, leading to a colder and wetter climate. The late stages of autumn are often marked by wet and foggy weather. Rainfall increases, especially from late autumn to early spring, contributing to the country's annual precipitation range from 914mm (35.98") to 1524mm (60"). Despite the cooler temperatures, the changing colors of the abundant forests offer a visual treat.

Winter weather in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Winter in Bosnia and Herzegovina can be extremely cold, particularly in hilly regions and high altitudes. The temperature may plunge below -23.3°C (-9.9°F) during January, the coldest month. Snowfall is a regular occurrence, particularly in the western, central, and eastern mountains, where it can last for nearly 100 days. Despite the harsh cold, this season presents a silver lining for winter sports lovers, with ample opportunities for skiing and snowboarding on the snow-covered slopes.

Weather in January

January marks the peak of winter in Bosnia and Herzegovina, making it the coldest month of the year. The climate across the country varies due to its geographical diversity. Northern plains and central parts typically experience freezing conditions, while the southern region, particularly areas close to the Adriatic Sea, retains a milder climate. Weather in January »

Weather in February

As winter progresses in Bosnia and Herzegovina, February continues the trend set by January, with cold temperatures prevailing across most of the country. Although it is the last month of winter, it still presents freezing conditions, particularly in the northern and central regions. The high-altitude and hilly areas, which are still in the grip of winter, often experience temperatures that can drop below -20°C (-4°F), albeit slightly warmer than January. Weather in February »

Weather in March

March heralds the arrival of spring in Bosnia and Herzegovina, initiating a transition from the frosty winter months to a milder climate. However, the month retains a semblance of winter's chill, especially in the northern plains and central areas, even though temperatures start to rise gradually. In the high-altitude areas, such as Igman, temperatures start to increase compared to the frigid conditions of January and February, yet the mercury remains low. Weather in March »

Weather in April

April sees the full arrival of spring in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with temperatures continuing to climb from the colder winter months. It is a time of clear skies, blooming flowers, and a noticeable upturn in temperatures, signaling the imminent arrival of summer. In high-altitude areas such as Igman, the remnants of winter finally recede, and temperatures rise, offering a gentle and enjoyable climate. Weather in April »

Weather in May

As spring approaches its end, May in Bosnia and Herzegovina ushers in a transition period to the warmer summer months. The weather across the country continues to warm up, with average temperatures on a steady rise. High-altitude regions such as Igman experience a clear shift towards more pleasant weather. Weather in May »

Weather in June

June in Bosnia and Herzegovina signifies the official beginning of summer. Temperatures throughout the country continue to climb, marking the start of the warmest period of the year. In the high-altitude regions such as Igman, the weather becomes considerably milder compared to the cooler spring months. Weather in June »

Weather in July

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, July represents the peak of the summer season, with temperatures reaching their highest point of the year. The mountainous regions, such as Igman, experience a comfortable summer climate despite the increased temperatures. Weather in July »

Weather in August

August in Bosnia and Herzegovina is the last full month of summer and generally remains hot, although it sees a gradual decline in temperatures towards its end as the country transitions to autumn. In the high-altitude areas such as Igman, the weather is comparatively cooler. Weather in August »

Weather in September

September signals the onset of autumn in Bosnia and Herzegovina, offering a mix of warm days and cooler nights, coupled with a gradual increase in rainfall. High-altitude regions, including Igman, begin to see more noticeable temperature drops in September. Weather in September »

Weather in October

October in Bosnia and Herzegovina marks a significant shift towards autumnal weather patterns, characterized by a notable drop in temperatures and increased rainfall. The mountainous regions, such as Igman, transition into chilly weather with temperatures significantly lower than the warm summer months. Weather in October »

Weather in November

November in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a true testament to the late autumn season, with temperatures continuing to drop and rainfall becoming more frequent, setting the stage for the upcoming winter months. High-altitude regions such as Igman continue to get colder in November, with frequent rainfall and occasional snowfall, hinting at the approaching winter. Weather in November »

Weather in December

December is the doorway to winter in Bosnia and Herzegovina, introducing colder temperatures, snowfall, and shorter daylight hours across the country. The high-altitude regions such as Igman experience severe cold with heavy snowfall becoming a regular phenomenon. Weather in December »

Bosnia and Herzegovina

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