is a country located in the northwestern Balkans of southeastern Europe. Spanning an area of 56,594 square kilometers (21,851 square miles), it is home to an estimated 3.8 million people in 2023. The capital and largest city of Croatia is Zagreb. Most of the population is composed of South Slavs, mainly Croats, with a small but significant Serb minority. Croatian is the official language of the country.
Most Croatians are Christians, primarily Roman Catholic, and there is also a small Islamic community. The currency used in Croatia is the euro. It consists of three traditional regions: Dalmatia and Istria along the Adriatic coast and Croatia-Slavonia in the northern part of the country. The central mountain belt contains a part of the Dinaric Alps.
The northeast of Croatia is a fertile agricultural region, growing sugar beets, corn, wheat, raising pigs and cattle. The mountain belt is renowned for its fruit production, while Istria and Dalmatia produce grapes and olives. Important industries include food processing, wine making, and the refining of petroleum.
Croatia is a multiparty republic with a unicameral legislature. The head of state is the president, and the head of government is the prime minister. Other key facts about Croatia include an exchange rate of 1 USD equaling 0.921 euro, no official religion, a population rank of 130 as of 2022, a projected 2030 population of 3.86 million, a density of 67.6 persons per square kilometer, a life expectancy at birth of 74.9 years for males and 81.4 years for females, and a GNI of $57,442,000,000 and a GNI per capita of $14,190.