The climate of Prague
, the capital city of Czech Republic
, sits in the heart of Europe. The city's climate aligns with the Köppen climate classification of 'Cfb', also recognized as the Marine West Coast Climate with warm summers. The parameters of weather vary significantly throughout the year, with each season characterized by distinct weather conditions.
Average high temperatures in a calendar year fluctuate from a chilly 0.4°C in the height of winter to a temperate 24°C at the peak of summer, creating a contrasting, dynamic climate. On the other hand, the low temperatures change from as frigid as -5.4°C in winter to a milder 11.9°C in summer, underlining the vast temperature ranges the city experiences.
Relative humidity in Prague slightly varies over the year, remaining between 70% to 85%. The city experiences its highest rainfall in May
at 77mm, being the wettest month, while the driest is February
with 23mm. Rainfall days range from 5.5 days to 10.3 days monthly, pointing towards a well-distributed precipitation pattern throughout the year.
Snowfall is quite significant in Prague, especially during the winter months. The highest snowfall level of 179mm is typically recorded in January
, while months from May to October
do not experience any snow. The city soaks in daylight from 8.2 hours to a well-lit 16.3 hours daily, with the longest days in June
. Sunshine hours peak during June and July
with 7.3 hours daily, while December
records the lowest at 1.5 hours.
The best time to visit Prague
The optimal time to witness Prague
in all its glory would be late spring and early autumn. These seasons showcase milder temperatures and lower rainfall, making them ideal for outdoor activities. Specifically, May
flaunts warm temperatures range from 7.1°C to 18.3°C, a relative humidity of 70%, and the longest days, with 15.4 hours of daylight.
The worst time to visit Prague
For travellers not accustomed to harsh winter conditions, January
could prove challenging. These months record some of the lowest temperatures, ranging from -5.4°C to 2.7°C, along with significant snowfall at 179mm and 159mm respectively. The days are also shorter with limited daylight, with only 8.6 hours in January.
Spring weather in Prague
Spring in Prague
, beginning from March
and lasting till May
, experiences a steady warming trend with temperatures rising from an average low of -1°C to 7.1°C and an average high of 7.7°C to 18.3°C. The rainfall also increases, recording the highest level in May at 77mm. Despite the rainfall, with longer daylight hours up to 15.4 hours in May, Spring emerges as an attractive season for visitors.
Summer weather in Prague
Summers in Prague
, from June
, showcase a pleasant and moderate climate. The average high temperatures linger around 21.5°C to 24°C, while the lows remain between 10.5°C to 11.9°C. With long days reaching up to 16.3 hours of daylight in June and relatively less rainfall in comparison to spring, summers here are an enticing prospect for tourists.
Autumn weather in Prague
Autumn, stretching from September
, witnesses a gradual dip in temperature from an average high of 19°C to 6°C. Rainfall decreases to 31mm in October
after a wet September. Autumn in Prague
, especially October, is well-known for its stunning and vibrant foliage, making it a particularly picturesque time of the year.
Winter weather in Prague
Winters in Prague
, from December
, are characterized by very low temperatures, with average highs ranging from 0.4°C to 2.7°C, and lows dipping further to between -5.4°C and -3.3°C. Snowfall is a common phenomenon during these months, creating a scenic, winter wonderland. While cold, the winter months provide a distinct charm to the historic city. With shorter days around 8.2 to 10.1 hours and reduced sunshine hours of about 1.5 to 2.6 hours daily, Prague in winters offers a unique, magical ambiance.
Weather in January
The weather in Prague
ventures into the chilling extremes of winter with average highs reaching only 0.4°C and lows cascading down to -5.4°C. The city, mantled in a thick layer of winter white, experiences the maximum snowfall compared to any other month. Weather in January »
Weather in February
Moving onto February
witnesses a slight - yet highly welcomed - rise in temperature, offering a relative relief from January
's intense cold. Although it still snows, the fall lacks in intensity compared to January with a winter landscape less vigorous than the preceding month. Weather in February »
Weather in March
ushers in the earliest murmurings of spring with the temperature escalating to 7.7°C even as the lowest plunges only to -1°C. The snow surrenders to a significant increase in rainfall, much to the delight of those weary of the winter. Weather in March »
Weather in April
indicates the official arrival of spring with temperatures oscillating from 2.6°C to 13.3°C. This change is coupled with the highest level of rainfall at 38mm seen in the first half of the year. Prompted by the warmer temperatures, the city comes alive with blooms adding a splash of colors to the landscapes. Weather in April »
Weather in May
brings a marked increase in temperature, scaling up to 18.3°C, asserting the dominance of Spring in Prague
. The high level of rainfall observed in April
subsides marginally but is still significant enough to sustain the verdant greenery. Weather in May »
Weather in June
heralds the start of summer in Prague
with the mercury soaring up to 21.5°C. Despite the increase in temperature, it is a month of substantial rainfall of 73mm adding an element of freshness to the warm summer. The longest days of the year are enjoyed in June, allowing more opportunities for activities. Weather in June »
Weather in July
showcases the peak of summer in Prague
, hosting a day-time temperature of 24°C. As this time is devoid of any snowfall, the city is bathed in brilliant sunlight. The combination of high temperature and humidity makes it the warmest month in Prague. Weather in July »
Weather in August
brings along a continuation of the summer spell from July
, although the mercury drops slightly, reaching 23°C at maximum. The evenings offer a certain appeal as the temperature dips, creating a pleasing contrast to the day's warmth. Weather in August »
Weather in September
signifies the gradual transition from summer to autumn, with temperatures dropping to 19°C. This month is characterized by declining rainfall levels to 40mm, marking a pattern of reduced precipitation. The landscape starts to bloom with russets and golds reflecting the onset of fall. Weather in September »
Weather in October
dons a classic autumn appearance with the temperature dipping to 13.1°C. The decrease in rainfall and rapid fall in daylight hours confirm the departure of summer. The city streets are strewn with the fall foliage creating a picturesque scene. Weather in October »
Weather in November
faces a significant drop in temperature to 6°C, signaling the advent of winter in Prague
. The sharply reduced daylight hours, coupled with the diminishing warmth of the sun, bring along a distinct chill. The landscape starts to shed its autumnal hues as winter preparations commence. Weather in November »
Weather in December
is a period of intense cold with temperatures sinking to 2°C amid 25mm of rain and snowfall. The city becomes an epitome of wintry grandeur, offering stunning views especially under fresh snow. Short daylight hours, combined with a reduced amount of sunshine, culminate in a chilly ambience. Weather in December »