The climate of Denmark
has a predominantly humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). About one-fifth of the southern Jutland Peninsula displays a temperate oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb). Denmark is a Nordic and Scandinavian country in Northern Europe, to the southwest of Sweden and south of Norway. The only land borders are with Germany in the south. The North and Baltic Seas share maritime borders with the country, along with its numerous offshore islands. The northern temperate latitudes and proximity to vast bodies of water mainly influence the climate.
Denmark lies in the temperate zone between 54°N and 57°N. The Nordic country consists of the Jutland Peninsula and more than 443 named islands. The landscape is mostly flat, with an average elevation of 31 meters above sea level. Mollehoj in the Ejerbjerge hills is the highest natural point in Denmark at a mere altitude of 170 meters. Rolling plains form a chunk of the terrain, along with sandy coastlines and large dunes. Odense, Gudena, Susa, Skerjn, and Vida are important rivers that flow across the country. The largest lake is Lake Arreso, with an area of 15.39 square miles. The area of inland water is 270 square miles. The coastline is 1057 miles long, excluding the shorelines of the numerous offshore islands. Any location in the country is at a maximum distance of 32 miles from the coast. The Kingdom of Denmark includes Greenland and Faroe Islands.
The climate of Denmark is mild relative to its northerly location due to the influence of ocean waters. Cloudy skies, humidity, wind, and rain are standard features. The western Jutland coasts have milder weather than the rest of the country. Summers are pleasantly warm but frequently wet. The average temperatures are in the warm 12.8°C (55°F) to 22.2°C (72°F) range, and the daylight lasts for more than 15 hours. Temperatures rarely cross 30°C (86°F) on hot days due to the influence of the southern currents. Nights are cool to mild, even at the peak of the summer. Winters are cold and dark, with poor sunshine. The Siberian High brings eastern currents that push the temperatures down to -20°C (-4°F) in worst conditions. Night temperatures remain below freezing, and precipitation is moderate but frequent. Moderate snowfall occurs during the winter. Spring is cold until May
when the average temperatures register in the 7.8°C (46°F) to 16.1°C (61°F) zone. Autumn is comfortable in September
but becomes windy and rainy in the second half. November
is cold, dull, and rainy.
The annual rainfall in Denmark is in the moderate range of 508mm (20") to 812.8mm (32") and occurs evenly throughout the year. June
is the peak precipitation period, while the driest period is in March
. Western Jutland receives 800.1mm (31.5") of rain annually, which drops to 635mm (25") in the extreme north, and 508mm (20") in the east. The period from November to mid-April accounts for 20 days to 25 days of moderate snowfall. Atlantic depressions occur throughout the year. The annual sunshine in Denmark is weak and registers between 1600 hours and 1800 hours. Most of the bright days are between late spring and early autumn. The average sea temperatures are cold to mild in the range of 3.9°C (39°F) to 17.8°C (64°F), with the North Sea warmer than the Baltic Sea. The average monthly humidity ranges from a low of 72% in June to 86% in January
. The average wind speeds are in the high range of 16.1km/h (10mph) to 30.6km/h (19mph), with a peak in January.
The highest recorded temperature in Denmark is 36.4°C (97.5°F), set on August 10, 1975, in Holstebro, Midtjylland. The lowest temperature on record is -31.2°C (-24.2°F), set on January 8, 1982, in Thisted Municipality, North Denmark Region.
The best time to visit Denmark
The best time to visit Denmark
is between June
in the summer. Copenhagen temperatures are in the range of 12.2°C (54°F) to 22.2°C (72°F), and it is generally warm everywhere. The nights tend to be cool, even though the days are occasionally hot. Early summer in June is cooler and drier than the later part of the season. Rainfall frequently occurs for short periods. The daily sunshine lasts above 8 hours in the summer, but the peak of 8.5 hours occurs in late spring in May
. The average seawater temperatures of the North Sea are in the acceptable range of 16.1°C (61°F) to 18.3°C (64.9°F). Summer is the time to experience the famous Nordic white nights, particularly during the middle part of July
. Early autumn has comfortable weather, with bright colors over the landscape.
The worst time to visit Denmark
The worst time to visit Denmark
is during the severe winter from December
. The nights are frigid, and even the days are cold and dark. Temperature variations are little, with strong winds, especially in the north. The daily sunshine is feeble and hardly lasts for 1.5 hours in most regions. The daylight lasts for less than 7.5 hours in December and January
, and the skies are often cloudy. The precipitation is moderate in frequent short bursts. The average seawater temperatures register below a dangerously cold 2.2°C (36°F). Moderate snowfall occurs for 5 days to 8 days during each month in the winter.
faces weather hazards in the form of storms, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and cyclones. Floods are major hazards and frequently occur during periods of heavy rainfall. Winter storms are standard, especially during December
. Cyclone Anatol cost Denmark 20 fatalities and US$ 3 billion in December 1999. Cyclone Xaver, a force 12 winter storm in 2013, brought heavy rain, snowfall, and strong winds. Tidal surge during storms is responsible for coastal flooding. Earthquakes of moderate intensity, such as the one in Skane County in 2008, occur occasionally.
Weather in January
is usually the coldest month of the year in Denmark
, with cold days and mostly freezing nights. The skies are overcast for at least 70% of the time, and the daylight lasts a little above 7.5 hours. The feeble sunshine rarely registers above 1.5 hours in most regions, and the conditions are cold and dark. Copenhagen, the capital, in the central region, registers average temperatures in the cold -1.1°C (30°F) to 2.8°C (37°F) zone. Weather in January »
Weather in February
is the driest month of the year in Denmark
, with hardly 38.1mm (1.5") of rainfall in most regions. The conditions are cold and dark, with barely 2 hours of feeble daily sunshine. Copenhagen registers average temperatures in the cold range of -1.1°C (30°F) to 3.9°C (39°F) and has a high average monthly humidity of 84%. At least 5 days are snowy, and there are more than 11 wet days in the month. Weather in February »
Weather in March
is cold at the beginning of the spring season in Denmark
, with average temperatures in the range of 0°C (32°F) to 6.1°C (43°F). Spring is the driest season, with hardly 38.1mm (1.5") to 50.8mm (2") of rainfall every month across the country. Weather in March »
Weather in April
sees a gradual change from cold to mild conditions in Denmark
, with an increase in daylight. The days extend from 13 hours in the beginning to 15.5 hours by the end of April. The daily sunshine lasts for at least 6.5 hours and pushes the average temperatures in the mild zone of 3.3°C (37.9°F) to 11.7°C (53.1°F). Temperatures in Aarhus range between 2.8°C (37°F) and 11.7°C (53.1°F), as the skies remain cloudy for 52% of the time. Weather in April »
Weather in May
is beautiful in Denmark
, with a sharp rise in sunshine and daylight. The daily sunshine lasts for 8 hours, and most regions have 17-hour long days. The average temperatures are in the mild range of 7.8°C (46°F) to 16.1°C (61°F), with slightly high temperatures in the western and southern regions. Weather in May »
Weather in June
is the beginning of the warm and beautiful summer season in Denmark
, with bright skies and long days. The daylight increases to a record 17.5 hours and brings 8 hours of bright sunshine. The sun rises at 4.25 a.m. and sets at 9.57 p.m. Weather in June »
Weather in July
is the warmest month of the year in Denmark
, with the average temperatures in the range of 13.3°C (55.9°F) to 21.7°C (71.1°F). The sunny month sees 8 hours of daily sunshine during the 16- hour days. The unique feature is the bright white nights that mostly occur in the first half of July. Weather in July »
Weather in August
is the wettest month of the year in Denmark
, with an average of 91.4mm (3.6") of precipitation in 16 wet days. The skies remain clear up to 54% of the time, and the conditions are warm, with 6.5 hours of daily sunlight. The daylight recedes gradually from 16 hours to 14 hours over the month. Odense registers average temperatures in the warm zone of 12.2°C (54°F) to 21.1°C (70°F). Weather in August »
Weather in September
begins the autumn season in Denmark
, with a rapid decrease in temperatures and sunshine. The average temperatures are in the zone of 10°C (50°F) to 17.8°C (64°F), with warm days and cold nights. Copenhagen has average temperatures in the mild range of 10.6°C (51.1°F) to 17.2°C (63°F) and sees cloudy skies up to 52% of the time. September sees a slight decrease in precipitation at 61mm (2.4") in the country. Weather in September »
Weather in October
brings the peak of the fall foliage in Denmark
, although the daily sunshine lasts for hardly 4 hours. The conditions are cold and wet, with a surge in the average precipitation to 83.8mm (3.3"). Aalborg registers mild to cold temperatures in the 6.7°C (44.1°F) to 12.2°C (54°F) zone, while Roskilde records average temperatures in the range of 6.1°C (43°F) to 12.8°C (55°F). Weather in October »
Weather in November
is a cold month in the autumn in Denmark
, with average temperatures in the range of 3.3°C (37.9°F) to 7.8°C (46°F). The conditions are cold and dark, with less than 2 hours of daily sunshine. The skies are overcast up to 67% of the time, and the daylight recedes to 7.5 hours by the end of the month. Weather in November »
Weather in December
is the beginning of the cold and dark winter in Denmark
, which brings hardly 1.5 hours of feeble daily sunshine. The average temperatures are in the chilly zone of -0.6°C (30.9°F) to 3.9°C (39°F), with many days and most nights below freezing. Copenhagen records at least 4 snowy and 17 rainy days in the month. Weather in December »