Climate and monthly weather forecast

Flag of Denmark
Flag of Denmark

The climate of Denmark

Denmark has a predominantly humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). About one-fifth of the southern Jutland Peninsula displays a temperate oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb). Denmark is a Nordic and Scandinavian country in Northern Europe, to the southwest of Sweden and south of Norway. The only land borders are with Germany in the south. The North and Baltic Seas share maritime borders with the country, along with its numerous offshore islands. The northern temperate latitudes and proximity to vast bodies of water mainly influence the climate.

Denmark lies in the temperate zone between 54°N and 57°N. The Nordic country consists of the Jutland Peninsula and more than 443 named islands. The landscape is mostly flat, with an average elevation of 31 meters above sea level. Mollehoj in the Ejerbjerge hills is the highest natural point in Denmark at a mere altitude of 170 meters. Rolling plains form a chunk of the terrain, along with sandy coastlines and large dunes. Odense, Gudena, Susa, Skerjn, and Vida are important rivers that flow across the country. The largest lake is Lake Arreso, with an area of 15.39 square miles. The area of inland water is 270 square miles. The coastline is 1057 miles long, excluding the shorelines of the numerous offshore islands. Any location in the country is at a maximum distance of 32 miles from the coast. The Kingdom of Denmark includes Greenland and Faroe Islands.

The best time to visit Denmark

The best time to visit Denmark is between June and August in the summer. Copenhagen temperatures are in the range of 12.2°C to 22.2°C, and it is generally warm everywhere. The nights tend to be cool, even though the days are occasionally hot. Early summer in June is cooler and drier than the later part of the season. Rainfall frequently occurs for short periods. The daily sunshine lasts above 8 hours in the summer, but the peak of 8.5 hours occurs in late spring in May. The average seawater temperatures of the North Sea are in the acceptable range of 16.1°C to 18.3°C. Summer is the time to experience the famous Nordic white nights, particularly during the middle part of July. Early autumn has comfortable weather, with bright colors over the landscape.

The worst time to visit Denmark

The worst time to visit Denmark is during the severe winter from December to February. The nights are frigid, and even the days are cold and dark. Temperature variations are little, with strong winds, especially in the north. The daily sunshine is feeble and hardly lasts for 1.5 hours in most regions. The daylight lasts for less than 7.5 hours in December and January, and the skies are often cloudy. The precipitation is moderate in frequent short bursts. The average seawater temperatures register below a dangerously cold 2.2°C. Moderate snowfall occurs for 5 days to 8 days during each month in the winter.

Spring weather in Denmark

Spring weather in Denmark is typically cold until May, with average temperatures ranging from 7.8°C to 16.1°C. The country experiences moderate rainfall throughout this period, with the driest months being March and April. The average monthly humidity during spring ranges from 72% in June to 86% in January. The transition from winter's cold to the warmth of summer makes this season a delightful time for sightseeing and exploring the local culture.

Summer weather in Denmark

Summer in Denmark is pleasantly warm but often damp. With temperatures rarely exceeding 30°C due to the influence of the southern currents, the average temperatures range from 12.8°C to 22.2°C. The daylight lasts for more than 15 hours, and nights are cool to mild, even at the peak of the summer. The peak precipitation period falls between June and August, providing a fresh ambiance for visitors.

Autumn weather in Denmark

Autumn starts comfortably in September but soon gives way to windy and rainy conditions in the latter half of the season. November, in particular, is cold, dull, and rainy. Despite the rainfall, the autumn season can be quite picturesque, with the landscape transitioning into bright, vibrant colors. The average wind speeds during autumn can reach up to 30.6km/h, particularly in January.

Winter weather in Denmark

Winter in Denmark is both cold and dark, with scant sunshine. Eastern currents from the Siberian High push the temperatures down to -20°C under the worst conditions. Night temperatures typically remain below freezing, and precipitation is moderate but frequent. From November to mid-April, Denmark experiences around 20 to 25 days of moderate snowfall. Despite the chilly conditions, the winter season carries a unique charm, especially when the landscape is blanketed with a layer of snow.

Weather in January

January in Denmark is marked by frigid temperatures and scarce daylight, characteristic of its winter season. The Siberian High's influence is particularly strong, with eastern currents leading to plunging temperatures, which can drop to an extreme of -20°C. Weather in January »

Weather in February

As the last month of winter, February in Denmark offers a marginally milder climate compared to January. However, the temperatures remain cold, and the harsh winter conditions persist. The cold winds from Siberia continue to influence the climate, but their intensity is somewhat reduced compared to January. Average temperatures fluctuate around freezing, but it is not uncommon for thermometers to dip below zero. Weather in February »

Weather in March

As winter gives way to spring, March sees a noticeable change in Denmark's weather conditions. The harsh Siberian winds lose their intensity, and average temperatures begin to rise from the sub-zero levels observed in the winter months. In March, temperatures start to inch towards the positive side of the thermometer, but the overall climate remains cold. Weather in March »

Weather in April

April in Denmark signifies a transition from the cold of early spring towards the increasing warmth of late spring. During this month, the average temperatures gradually climb into the 7.8°C to 16.1°C zone, indicating the arrival of more pleasant conditions compared to the colder months of March and earlier. Despite this improvement, temperatures can still fluctuate considerably, with occasional cold snaps reminding of the recent winter. Weather in April »

Weather in May

May is when Denmark fully embraces the spring season, with average temperatures ranging from 7.8°C to 16.1°C. The climate is comfortably cool, particularly in the latter half of the month when the vestiges of winter have finally receded. Weather in May »

Weather in June

June marks the onset of summer in Denmark, with temperatures climbing to a warm range between 12.8°C and 22.2°C. The days grow increasingly longer and brighter, providing more than 15 hours of daylight, making June one of the most pleasant months of the year. However, despite being the beginning of the summer season, June is also the period with the highest precipitation, with rainfall ranging from 508mm to 813mm across the country. Weather in June »

Weather in July

In Denmark, July typically represents the peak of the summer season. Temperatures remain warm throughout the country, typically between 12.8°C and 22.2°C. On rare occasions, the influence of southern currents can push temperatures to near 30°C, but such extremes are infrequent. Weather in July »

Weather in August

As Denmark moves through the latter half of the summer season, August experiences slightly cooler temperatures than July, ranging from 12.8°C to 22.2°C. The country continues to enjoy warm weather, but the cooling trend towards autumn starts to become noticeable, especially towards the end of the month. Rainfall remains a constant feature of Denmark's climate, even in August, which continues the trend set by the preceding summer months. Weather in August »

Weather in September

September heralds the onset of autumn in Denmark. Temperatures begin their gradual descent from summer highs, with averages ranging from 12.8°C to 22.2°C at the start of the month, cooling down as the weeks progress. Despite this, early September can still offer comfortable warmth, particularly in the first half. Precipitation during September is quite frequent. Weather in September »

Weather in October

October in Denmark is a true autumn month, with a noticeable change in the weather patterns. Temperatures in October range from 7.8°C to 16.1°C, indicating a significant drop from the summer warmth of previous months. The cooling trend towards winter becomes more pronounced as the month progresses. Rainfall in October continues to be frequent, and the frequency of showers further increases. Weather in October »

Weather in November

November brings the transition from autumn to winter in Denmark, with temperatures plunging to a range from 1.1°C to 8.9°C. The cold weather becomes more prominent as the month progresses, paving the way for the frigid winter that lies ahead. Rainfall in November is quite substantial, characterised by frequent showers. Weather in November »

Weather in December

December in Denmark is a winter month, characterized by cold temperatures, short daylight hours, and a high probability of snowfall. Average temperatures drop sharply, ranging from -0.6°C to 4.4°C. The weather gets increasingly colder as the month progresses, with temperatures often dropping below freezing, especially at night. Rainfall in December is moderate, but the month is notable for the transition from rain to snow. Weather in December »


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