Climate and monthly weather forecast
Baghdad, Iraq

Al-Mustansiriya University and Madrasah, in Baghdad, Iraq
Al-Mustansiriya University and Madrasah, in Baghdad, Iraq

The climate of Baghdad

Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, experiences a Subtropical desert climate based on the Köppen climate classification. Positioned within the centre of the country along the Tigris River, Baghdad's weather patterns mirror the BWh climate code, characterized by long, incredibly hot and arid summers, and mild, somewhat moist winters. There exist distinct variations in temperature, rainfall, and sunlight throughout the year, creating a unique environment.

A glance at the yearly weather data reveals vast fluctuations in temperature, with the mercury swinging sharply from 4°C (39.2°F) in the winter months to a scorching 44°C (111.2°F) in the summer. Rainfall in Baghdad is scarce and occurs primarily in the cooler months, with approximately 31mm (1.22") in January, tapering off to a virtually non-existent state between June and September. Another noticeable climatic feature in Baghdad is its abundant sunlight. The city is daily bathed in sunlight varying from 6 hours per day in January and December to a dazzling 14 hours in the peak of summertime.

A striking feature of Baghdad's weather is its minimal rainfall during the mid-year months, with not a drop of rain reported from June to September. Contrastingly, January, November, and December witness the heaviest rainfall, although it is still at an insignificant level compared to other locations. Additionally, the sweltering heat of July and August, with temperatures soaring to 44°C (111.2°F) and 43°C (109.4°F) respectively, arguably constitute the most extreme weather phase in Baghdad.

The best time to visit Baghdad

Considering Baghdad’s hot desert climate, ideal time for visitors highly depends on the ability to endure high temperatures. Despite of that, a common consensus discerns that the window from November to April offers the most amiable weather situation. During these months, temperatures mainly hover between 6°C (42.8°F) and 24°C (75.2°F). Rainfall is relatively higher, yet still low at its peak, allowing for outdoor exploration and sightseeing. The capital’s desert surroundings are responsible for the cooling temperatures after sundown even during this period which offers a respite after warmer day temperatures.

The worst time to visit Baghdad

It is advisable to steer clear of Baghdad during the peak summer months from June to September. These sweltering months see the mercury surge well above 40°C (104°F), frequently reaching oppressive temperatures of 44°C (111.2°F) in July. What is fueling this discomfort furthermore is the near total absence of rain, thus rendering these months inhospitably hot and dry. The UV Index also peaks during these months at a level of 11, indicating a need for extra precautions against sun exposure.

Spring weather in Baghdad

Spring arrives in Baghdad from March to May. March initiates the season with average highs and lows of 23°C (73.4°F) and 10°C (50°F) respectively. Daylight hours increase from 12 in March to 13.9 in May, offering ample opportunity to explore the city. While rainfall minimizes as spring progresses, from 33mm (1.3") in March to a mere 8mm (0.31") in May, it remains a feature of the spring season in Baghdad.

Summer weather in Baghdad

Summers in Baghdad, which span from June to September, are arduous and intensely hot. The city faces temperatures climbing steadily from 33°C (91.4°F) in June to a scorching 44°C (111.2°F) in July. Nights provide slight relief, with temperatures ranging from 24°C (75.2°F) to 26°C (78.8°F), but without any rainfall or cloud cover, the intense heat predominates. There are long sunlight hours, rising to a peak of 14.3 hours in June.

Autumn weather in Baghdad

Autumn marks a transition from the intense summer into the milder winter from October to November. Temperatures dwell in a more comfortable range between a high of 33°C (91.4°F) in October to 24°C (75.2°F) in November and lows drop from 16°C (60.8°F) in October to a cooler 10°C (50°F) in November. Rainfall begins to appear, albeit faintly, by November with 21mm (0.83") precipitation. Sunshine hours reduce but still afford a plentiful 9 to 7 hours daily.

Winter weather in Baghdad

Winter is relatively mild in Baghdad, lasting from December to February. Daytime temperatures are welcoming, ranging between 17°C (62.6°F) to 16°C (60.8°F), whereas nighttime temperatures can drop to as low as 4°C (39.2°F) to 6°C (42.8°F), making them the coldest months of the year. This period sees the most rainfall, reaching a yearly high of 31mm (1.22") in January. However, with daylight of nearly 10 hours, winters in Baghdad offer a welcome respite from the punishing summer heat.

Weather in January

Baghdad, Iraq, welcomes the new year with mild temperatures, where the average high is 16°C (60.8°F) and the low is at 4°C (39.2°F). This month is characterized by shorter daylight hours, comparatively chillier conditions, and rainfall as a constant companion. Weather in January »

Weather in February

As the second month of the year commences, Baghdad, Iraq experiences a slight climb in temperatures as compared to the preceding month, making February slightly warmer and pleasant. Rainfall continues to play a significant role in shaping the city’s weather with an average of 28mm (1.1") throughout the month. Weather in February »

Weather in March

March in Baghdad, Iraq signals the advent of the spring season. It is characterized by a notable leap in the average high temperature to 23°C (73.4°F) from the chillier wintertime temperatures witnessed in previous months. The number of daylight hours stretches to 12 signifying longer and sunlit days, an indication of the advancing season. Weather in March »

Weather in April

The weather in April in Baghdad, Iraq is characterized by a swift increase in temperatures, marking the gradual shift from spring to summer. Temperatures, especially during daytime, rise significantly to reach an average high of 29°C (84.2°F). Weather in April »

Weather in May

May in Baghdad, Iraq, rings in the typical Middle Eastern heat, preparing residents for the hot summer ahead. With an average high soaring to 36°C (96.8°F), the city records the first signs of the intense summertime temperatures. Weather in May »

Weather in June

The pinnacle of summer is reached in June in Baghdad, Iraq, with temperatures continuing to rise. June sees the temperature climb to a scorching high of 41°C (105.8°F), the city's highest average temperature for the year. Extended sunshine hours coupled with the highest UV index of the year, makes it advisable for residents to take protective measures against the powerful sun rays. Weather in June »

Weather in July

July continues the hot and dry trend in Baghdad, Iraq, making it one of the hottest months of the year. July marks the peak of summer with maximum temperature hitting 44°C (111.2°F), making it the hottest month on record. The month is characterized by very high UV index, requiring residents to take maximum sun protection. Weather in July »

Weather in August

Weather in august in Baghdad, Iraq, sustains the summer's hot temperatures. August records a similar temperature pattern as July, with the average high slightly dipping to 43°C (109.4°F) yet remaining extremely hot. Prolonged daylight hours coupled with a high UV index continue the trend of sun protection advisories. Weather in August »

Weather in September

In September, Baghdad, Iraq starts to experience a subtle drop in temperatures, marking the outset of fall. The month witnesses a gradual cooling trend with the temperature hovering around 40°C (104°F). The weather is still quite hot, but there is a perceptible variation compared to the soaring temperatures of August. Weather in September »

Weather in October

Fall sets in full swing in Baghdad, Iraq, during October. October experiences a significant drop in the temperature making the weather more pleasant than the preceding months. After the long phase of zero rainfall from May to September, October finally breaks the dry spell with a minor rainfall of 4mm (0.16"). Weather in October »

Weather in November

November in Baghdad, Iraq, presents a marked change in weather conditions, providing residents respite from the high temperatures. The month witnesses a further decline in temperature, with the average high temperature dropping to 24°C (75.2°F). Weather in November »

Weather in December

Baghdad, Iraq, in December is branded by chilly temperatures and a palpable winter vibe. With the average high temperature descending to 17°C (62.6°F), the city witnesses one of the chilliest months of the year. December brings with it an increase in rainfall, with an average recorded rainfall of 26mm (1.02"), making it one of the wetter months. Weather in December »

Frequently asked questions

What month is the coldest in Baghdad?

Baghdad's January weather reaches an average high of 16°C (60.8°F) and an average low of 4°C (39.2°F), making it the coldest month.

How many days does it rain in Baghdad?

Throughout the year, in Baghdad, there are 34 rainfall days, and 177mm (6.97") of precipitation is accumulated.

What are the months with the least sunshine in Baghdad?

January and December, with an average of 6h of sunshine, are months with the least sunshine in Baghdad.

When is the lowest UV index in Baghdad?

The months with the lowest UV index in Baghdad are January and December, with an average maximum UV index of 3.

What is the rainiest month in Baghdad?

The month with the most rainfall is March, when the rain falls for 5 days and typically aggregates up to 33mm (1.3") of precipitation.

What is the driest month in Baghdad?

June through September are months without rainfall in Baghdad.

When are the longest days in Baghdad?

With an average of 14h and 18min of daylight, June has the longest days of the year.

What is the month with the most sunshine in Baghdad?

The months with the most sunshine are June and July, with an average of 14h of sunshine.

When is the highest UV index in Baghdad?

The months with the highest UV index in Baghdad are June and July, with an average maximum UV index of 11.

What part of the year is the hottest in Baghdad?

In Baghdad, July registers the highest temperatures, averaging 44°C (111.2°F) at the peak and 26°C (78.8°F) at the lowest.

When does it rain in Baghdad?

Months with rainfall in Baghdad, Iraq, are January through May, October through December.

What is the month with the shortest days in Baghdad?

December has the shortest days of the year in Baghdad, Iraq, with an average of 10h and 0min of daylight.

Is there Daylight Saving Time (DST) in Baghdad?

Baghdad does not observe Daylight Saving Time (DST). +03 timezone is used throughout the entire year.

Average rainfall
Baghdad, Iraq

Average rainfall - Baghdad, Iraq

The wettest month (with the highest rainfall) is March (33mm).
The driest months (with the least rainfall) are June, July, August and September (0mm).

Average rainfall days
Baghdad, Iraq

Average rainfall days - Baghdad, Iraq

The months with the highest number of rainy days are January, February and December (6 days).
The months with the least rainy days are June, July, August and September (0 days).

Average daylight / Average sunshine
Baghdad, Iraq

Average daylight / Average sunshine - Baghdad, Iraq

The month with the longest days is June (Average daylight: 14h and 18min).
The month with the shortest days is December (Average daylight: 10h and 0min).

The months with the most sunshine are June and July (Average sunshine: 14h).
The months with the least sunshine are January and December (Average sunshine: 6h).

Average UV index
Baghdad, Iraq

Average UV index - Baghdad, Iraq

The months with the highest UV index are June and July (UV index 11).
The months with the lowest UV index are January and December (UV index 3).

Baghdad, Iraq

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