Climate and monthly weather forecast
Rome, Italy

The sun rising above the Colosseum in Rome Italy
The sun rising above the Colosseum in Rome Italy

The climate of Rome

Rome, much like the rest of Italy, is the epitome of the Mediterranean climate, falling under the Köppen climate classification of Csa. The city sits on the western side of central Italy, confined by the Apennine Mountains and the Tyrrhenian Sea. The Mediterranean climate gives Rome hot summers and mild winters, with noticeable variations in temperature and rainfall throughout the year.

A distinct characteristic of Rome's climate is the oscillation between monthly temperatures. Based on available data, temperatures can fluctuate from a brisk 3.1°C (37.6°F) in January to a blistering 30.6°C (87.1°F) in August. Rainfall also follows a pattern throughout the year, peaking at 115mm (4.53") in November and shrinking to as low as 19mm (0.75") in July. Observing the daylight hours, Rome enjoys a maximum of 15.2 hours in June and a minimum of 9.2 hours in December.

One unique aspect about Rome's weather conditions is the frequency of sunshine hours in the summer. Extended periods of sunlight reaching up to 10.7 hours are recorded in July. Concurrently, there is a surge in the UV index in July, reaching 9. Rainfall days exhibit a different trend - mostly concentrated in the late autumn and early winter months, specifically November (9.7 days) and December (8 days).

The best time to visit Rome

Determining the "best" time to experience Rome largely depends on an individual's preferences. However, considering factors like temperature, rainfall, and daylight hours, it would appear that autumn makes for a pleasant time to visit. Particularly, October offers a balanced blend of moderate temperatures ranging from 11.3°C (52.3°F) to 21.4°C (70.5°F), reduced rainfall of 113mm (4.45"), and ample daylight of about 11.1 hours. Therefore, the period from late September through to October is highly recommended.

The worst time to visit Rome

On the contrary, the least favorable time to explore the city is during the high summer heat in July. Despite the numerous sunshine hours and minimal rain days, the intense heat with temperatures soaring up to 30.3°C (86.5°F) and high UV index of 9 could pose a challenge for outdoor activities. Additionally, the crowded tourist spots make sightseeing slightly taxing during this time of year.

Spring weather in Rome

Spring welcomes mild weather in Rome with warming temperatures from as low as 5.2°C (41.4°F) in March to as high as 22.8°C (73°F) in May. Rainfall during these months maintains a declining trend, dropping to 53mm (2.09") in May from 58mm (2.28") in March. Though spring starts with 12 daylight hours in March, May extends the daylight to about 14.6 hours, along with an increase in the sunshine hours from 5.4 to 8.5.

Summer weather in Rome

Summers are generally hot and dry in Rome. Temperatures during the summer months range from 15.3°C (59.5°F) in June to 30.6°C (87.1°F) in August. The rain is at its lowest in July at 19mm (0.75"). Not surprisingly, daylight hours peak in June at 15.2, while sunshine hours maximize in July at 10.7.

Autumn weather in Rome

Autumn in Rome generates a sense of calm with gradual cooling temperatures. These vary from 15.2°C (59.4°F) in September to 4.2°C (39.6°F) in December. Despite the descending temperature pattern, autumn hosts the peak rainfall months of November and December, with levels reaching 115mm (4.53") and 81mm (3.19") respectively.

Winter weather in Rome

During winter, Rome experiences typically mild weather compared to other major European cities. Temperatures fluctuate between 3.1°C (37.6°F) in January and 12.6°C (54.7°F) in December. Notably, rainfall during these months registers fairly significant values with 67mm (2.64") in January. Even with shorter daylight hours of about 9.2 in December, Rome provides around 4.3 hours of sunshine in January, providing enough warmth and light for outdoor activities.

Weather in January

January weather in Rome, Italy, introduces the new year with relatively lower temperatures, chillier nights, and moderate rainfall. Receiving 67mm (2.64") of precipitation over 7 days, the city experiences wet conditions. Compared to the preceding month of December, less sunlight is received with daylight hours inching towards 9.5 hours. Weather in January »

Weather in February

February holds onto the subtle winter chill that January presents, with an added increase in rainfall. Rome receives the second-highest recorded rainfall in the year, 73mm (2.87") spread over 7.6 days. However, daylight hours also grow longer, making way for more sunshine hours. Weather in February »

Weather in March

By March, Rome starts to shake off the remaining winter coolness and transitions into a pleasant spring-like weather. Rainfall begins to abate, settling at 58mm (2.28"), marking a decrease from the heavy showers of February. Longer daylight hours bring more sunshine, transforming the cityscape with a warmer, more welcoming allure. Weather in March »

Weather in April

April witnesses a significant leap in temperature, steering Rome into a clear spring season with warmer days and rainfall reminiscent of drizzly showers. Surprisingly, the city sees a rise in precipitation, up to 81mm (3.19"), contrary to the usual expectation of drier spring weather. Weather in April »

Weather in May

In May, Rome clearly steps into the realm of summer-like weather. Rainfall drastically reduces, giving way to scorching sunny days, with temperatures stretching from 11.6°C (52.9°F) to a high of 22.8°C (73°F). Rome looks its most vibrant best during May, with moderately warm weather conditions and extended daylight hours. Weather in May »

Weather in June

June ushers in the peak of summer, marking one of the warmest months in Rome. Throughout the month, the city revels in longer daylight hours and basks in a generous amount of sunshine. Rainfall reduces to a minor 34mm (1.34"), painting clear, sunny skies most days. Weather in June »

Weather in July

In July, Rome is at its hottest, with temperatures reaching a massive annual peak of 30.3°C (86.5°F). This month is characteristic of its notoriously hot and dry sensation, with a mere 19mm (0.75") rainfall spread over just 2.1 days. Weather in July »

Weather in August

In Rome, August follows the lead of July closely, retaining much of the intense summer heat. The mercury still hits a high of 30.6°C (87.1°F), just marginally higher than July. Amid August's unrelenting sunshine, the city welcomes an increase in rain, snapping the summer dry-spell. Weather in August »

Weather in September

September in Rome introduces an onset of cooler autumn weather while holding onto the remnants of summer heat. Rainfall begins a noticeable increase, signaling the end of the drier summer period. Daylight hours and sunshine begin to dwindle, metaphorically painting a more autumn-like picture. Weather in September »

Weather in October

October presents an unmistakable autumn ambience, with lower temperatures and a visible increase in rainfall. Rome becomes drenched in the highest yearly rainfall, receiving 113mm (4.45") spread over roughly 8 days. Daylight hours considerably decrease, and the winds begin to carry a colder hum. Weather in October »

Weather in November

November, the last month of the autumn in Rome, is also a moderate month, with an average temperature fluctuating between 6.9°C (44.4°F) and 15.9°C (60.6°F). A moderate decline in the average high-temperature is seen during November, decreasing from an agreeable 21.4°C (70.5°F) in October to a moderate 15.9°C (60.6°F). Weather in November »

Weather in December

In December, Rome welcomes the winter season, with temperatures dipping and more cloudy days. Comparatively colder nights with 4.2°C (39.6°F) and reduced daylight hours of 9.2, mark a definitive shift into winter. Typical of the season, rainfall remains high, summing up to 81mm (3.19") over roughly 8 days. Weather in December »

Frequently asked questions

What is the coldest time of year in Rome?

With average high temperatures of 11.9°C (53.4°F) and lows of 3.1°C (37.6°F), January is the coldest month in Rome, Italy.

How much does it rain in Rome?

In Rome, Italy, during the entire year, the rain falls for 79.4 days and collects up to 804mm (31.65") of precipitation.

When are the longest days in Rome?

The month with the longest days in Rome, Italy, is June, with an average of 15h and 12min of daylight.

What is the driest month in Rome?

The month with the least rainfall is July, when the rain falls for 2.1 days and typically collects 19mm (0.75") of precipitation.

What month has the most sunshine in Rome?

The month with the most sunshine in Rome, Italy, is July, with an average of 10.7h of sunshine.

What is the month with the highest UV index in Rome?

The month with the highest UV index in Rome, Italy, is July, with an average maximum UV index of 9.

What is the hottest time of year in Rome?

August is the warmest month of the year in Rome, registering average temperatures as high as 30.6°C (87.1°F) and as low as 18.3°C (64.9°F).

When is Daylight Saving Time (DST) in Rome?

On Sunday, 27. October 2024, at 03:00, Daylight Saving Time ends, and the time zone changes from CEST to CET. The next Daylight Saving Time starts on Sunday, 30. March 2025, at 02:00, and the time zone reverts from CET to CEST.

What is the wettest month in Rome?

The month with the most rainfall in Rome is November, when the rain falls for 9.7 days and typically aggregates up to 115mm (4.53") of precipitation.

What is the month with the shortest days in Rome?

December has the shortest days of the year, with an average of 9h and 12min of daylight.

What is the month with the least sunshine in Rome?

The month with the least sunshine in Rome, Italy, is December, with an average of 3.6h of sunshine.

When is the lowest UV index in Rome?

December is the month with the lowest UV index in Rome, with an average maximum UV index of 1.

Average temperature
Rome, Italy

Average temperature - Rome, Italy

The warmest month (with the highest average high temperature) is August (30.6°C).
The month with the lowest average high temperature is January (11.9°C).

The month with the highest average low temperature is August (18.3°C).
The coldest month (with the lowest average low temperature) is January (3.1°C).


Average rainfall
Rome, Italy

Average rainfall - Rome, Italy

The wettest month (with the highest rainfall) is November (115.4mm).
The driest month (with the least rainfall) is July (19.2mm).


Average rainfall days
Rome, Italy

Average rainfall days - Rome, Italy

The month with the highest number of rainy days is November (9.7 days).
The month with the least rainy days is July (2.1 days).


Average daylight / Average sunshine
Rome, Italy

Average daylight / Average sunshine - Rome, Italy

The month with the longest days is June (Average daylight: 15h and 12min).
The month with the shortest days is December (Average daylight: 9h and 12min).

The month with the most sunshine is July (Average sunshine: 10h and 42min).
The month with the least sunshine is December (Average sunshine: 3h and 36min).


Rome, Italy

Weather forecast for your location

1. Click Locate me button
2. Allow the app to use your location