Climate and monthly weather forecast
Rome, Italy

The sun rising above the Colosseum in Rome Italy
The sun rising above the Colosseum in Rome Italy

The climate of Rome

Rome has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) with warm, dry summers and cold, humid winters. Rome, the capital of Italy, lies on the Tiber River in the Lazio region, in the central-western part of the Italian Peninsula. The city is built on seven hills and extends up to the shore of the Tyrrhenian Sea. The Mediterranean Sea has a significant influence on the climate of the region.

Rome's average elevation is approximately 13 meters above sea level in the central part of the city. The topography consists of gently rolling hills, forests, rivers, lakes, and marshlands. The proximity with many large ocean bodies has a significant impact on the climate, and the surrounding hills provide a barrier to cold winds from the north of the continent. Earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions pose a threat to Rome.

Summers are warm in Rome, and the average high temperature reaches up to 27.8°C (82°F) at the peak of August. Winters are cold, and the average low temperature drops to 2.8°C (37°F) during the peak winter month of January. The daylight lasts for an optimum 10 hours during the winter season, while the nights are frosty at the peak of the cold. Spring and autumn are mild and beautiful, with a moderate amount of rain. Mornings and evenings gather a moderate amount of dew. Snowfall is light during the winter, and there is rarely any snow accumulation.

The average humidity is 75%, as the annual precipitation is to the tune of 813mm (32.01") with rainy winters. The annual sunshine in Rome is 2472 hours, with the longest days in June and the shortest in December. The sea temperatures are mild and usually between 12.8°C (55°F) to 23.9°C (75°F). The highest recorded temperature in Rome is 40.6°C (105.1°F), while the lowest temperature on record is -11°C (12.2°F).

The best time to visit Rome

Rome is a famous tourist place with temperate weather throughout the year, but the best times to visit Rome are from April to May during the spring, June, during the summer, and September to October during the autumn.
The latter part of spring has comfortable temperatures in the range of 7.2°C (45°F) to 22.8°C (73°F) and the wetness decreases by mid-May. The early part of autumn is pleasant with temperatures in the 11.1°C (52°F) to 26.7°C (80.1°F) but the wetness increases in October. June is warm, but the peak of summer tends to be hot, especially in July and August, with warm seawater temperatures.

The worst time to visit Rome

Winter is cold and wet and generally the worst time to visit Rome. The low temperatures may occasionally drop below the freezing mark during December to February. Snowfall is light but typical during the winter, while frost is regular during the cold nights. Winter is also rainy than the rest of the year except the autumn. The days are short in December, and the sunshine reduces below a daily 4 hours during the winter.

Weather hazards

Rome has natural weather hazards in the form of forest fires, floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanoes. Forest fires frequently occur in the Mediterranean region, including Rome. The city experiences many earthquakes, but the majority of them are of low intensity. The city's history shows that more significant earthquakes increase the probability of large tsunami waves. Mount Vesuvius is an active volcano, while Etna and Stromboli lie in the proximity of Rome.

Weather in January

January, like December, in Rome, Italy, is a cool winter month, with temperature in the range of an average low of 3.1°C (37.6°F) and an average high of 11.9°C (53.4°F). January is the coldest month, with an average high-temperature of 11.9°C (53.4°F) and an average low-temperature of 3.1°C (37.6°F). Weather in January »

Weather in February

The last month of the winter, February, is a mild month in Rome, Italy, with an average temperature ranging between max 13°C (55.4°F) and min 3.5°C (38.3°F). In Rome, the average high-temperature in February is relatively the same as in January - a moderate 13°C (55.4°F). Weather in February »

Weather in March

The first month of the spring, March, is also a moderate month in Rome, Italy, with an average temperature ranging between min 5.2°C (41.4°F) and max 15.2°C (59.4°F). In March, the average high-temperature is practically the same as in February - a still moderate 15.2°C (59.4°F). Weather in March »

Weather in April

April is a comfortable spring month in Rome, Italy, with an average temperature fluctuating between 17.7°C (63.9°F) and 7.5°C (45.5°F). In Rome, the average high-temperature in April is almost the same as in March - an enjoyable 17.7°C (63.9°F). Weather in April »

Weather in May

May, the last month of the spring in Rome, is a pleasant month, with temperature in the range of an average low of 11.6°C (52.9°F) and an average high of 22.8°C (73°F). In May, the average high-temperature increases from a comfortable 17.7°C (63.9°F) in April to an agreeable 22.8°C (73°F). Weather in May »

Weather in June

June, the first month of the summer in Rome, is a moderately hot month, with an average temperature varying between 15.3°C (59.5°F) and 26.9°C (80.4°F). In June, the average high-temperature slightly increases from an agreeable 22.8°C (73°F) in May to a warm 26.9°C (80.4°F). Weather in June »

Weather in July

July is a hot summer month in Rome, Italy, with an average temperature ranging between min 18°C (64.4°F) and max 30.3°C (86.5°F). In Rome, the average high-temperature in July marginally rises from a moderately hot 26.9°C (80.4°F) in June to a hot 30.3°C (86.5°F). Weather in July »

Weather in August

August, the last month of the summer in Rome, is also a hot month, with an average temperature varying between 18.3°C (64.9°F) and 30.6°C (87.1°F). The warmest month is August, with an average high-temperature of 30.6°C (87.1°F) and an average low-temperature of 18.3°C (64.9°F). Weather in August »

Weather in September

The first month of the autumn, September, is still a warm month in Rome, Italy, with temperature in the range of an average low of 15.2°C (59.4°F) and an average high of 26.5°C (79.7°F). In September, the average high-temperature slightly decreases from a tropical 30.6°C (87.1°F) in August to a warm 26.5°C (79.7°F). Weather in September »

Weather in October

October, like September, is an agreeable autumn month in Rome, Italy, with temperature in the range of an average low of 11.3°C (52.3°F) and an average high of 21.4°C (70.5°F). In October, the average high-temperature decreases from a warm 26.5°C (79.7°F) in September to an agreeable 21.4°C (70.5°F). Weather in October »

Weather in November

The last month of the autumn, November, is also a moderate month in Rome, Italy, with temperature in the range of an average high of 15.9°C (60.6°F) and an average low of 6.9°C (44.4°F). In Rome, the average high-temperature in November drops from an agreeable 21.4°C (70.5°F) in October to a moderate 15.9°C (60.6°F). Weather in November »

Weather in December

The first month of the winter, December, is also a fresh month in Rome, Italy, with an average temperature fluctuating between 12.6°C (54.7°F) and 4.2°C (39.6°F). In Rome, the average high-temperature in December slightly decreases from a mild 15.9°C (60.6°F) in November to a cool 12.6°C (54.7°F). Weather in December »
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FAQ

What is the coldest month in Rome?

January is the coldest month in Rome, Italy, with an average high-temperature of 11.9°C (53.4°F) and an average low-temperature of 3.1°C (37.6°F).

How many days does it rain in Rome?

Throughout the year, there are 79.4 rainfall days, and 804mm (31.65") of precipitation is accumulated.

When is Daylight Saving Time (DST) in Rome?

On Sunday, 27. March 2022, at 02:00, Daylight Saving Time starts in Rome, Italy, and the time zone changes from CET to CEST. Daylight Saving Time ends on Sunday, 30. October 2022, at 03:00, and the time zone reverts from CEST to CET.

When are the longest days in Rome?

With an average of 15h and 11min of daylight, June has the longest days of the year in Rome, Italy.

What is the driest month in Rome?

July is the month with the least rainfall in Rome. Rain falls for 2.1 days and accumulates 19mm (0.75") of precipitation.

What month has the most sunshine in Rome?

July has the most sunshine of the year, with an average of 10.7h of sunshine.

When is the highest UV index in Rome?

July is the month with the highest UV index in Rome, with an average maximum UV index of 9.

What is the warmest month in Rome?

August is the warmest month, with an average high-temperature of 30.6°C (87.1°F) and an average low-temperature of 18.3°C (64.9°F).

What is the wettest month in Rome?

The month with the most rainfall is November, when the rain falls for 9.7 days and typically aggregates up to 115mm (4.53") of precipitation.

What is the month with the shortest days in Rome?

December has the shortest days of the year in Rome, Italy, with an average of 9h and 11min of daylight.

What is the month with the least sunshine in Rome?

December has the least sunshine of the year in Rome, Italy, with an average of 3.6h of sunshine.

What is the month with the lowest UV index in Rome?

December is the month with the lowest UV index in Rome, with an average maximum UV index of 1.

Average temperature
Rome, Italy

Average temperature - Rome, Italy

The warmest month (with the highest average high temperature) is August (30.6°C).
The month with the lowest average high temperature is January (11.9°C).

The month with the highest average low temperature is August (18.3°C).
The coldest month (with the lowest average low temperature) is January (3.1°C).

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Average rainfall
Rome, Italy

Average rainfall - Rome, Italy

The wettest month (with the highest rainfall) is November (115.4mm).
The driest month (with the least rainfall) is July (19.2mm).

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Average rainfall days
Rome, Italy

Average rainfall days - Rome, Italy

The month with the highest number of rainy days is November (9.7 days).
The month with the least rainy days is July (2.1 days).

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Average daylight / Average sunshine
Rome, Italy

Average daylight / Average sunshine - Rome, Italy

The month with the longest days is June (Average daylight: 15h and 11min).
The month with the shortest days is December (Average daylight: 9h and 11min).

The month with the most sunshine is July (Average sunshine: 10h and 42min).
The month with the least sunshine is December (Average sunshine: 3h and 36min).

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