is an island country located in the West Indies, south of Cuba. The third largest island in the Caribbean, it stretches 146 miles (235 km) long and is 35 miles (56 km) wide, with an area of 4,244 square miles (10,991 sq km).
The population of Jamaica as of 2022 is estimated to be 2.7 million people, most of whom are descendants of African slaves. The official language is English, though Jamaican Creole is also spoken. Christianity, mainly Protestantism but also Catholicism, is the predominant religion, and Rastafarianism is also practiced. The currency is the Jamaican dollar.
Jamaica has three main regions: the coastal lowlands, a heavily cultivated area which encircles the island; a limestone plateau which takes up half of the island; and the interior highlands, featuring forested mountain ranges including the Blue Mountains. Agriculture employs about one-fifth of the workforce and is primarily focused on sugar production, with molasses and rum as by-products. Industry focuses on bauxite and alumina production, as well as garments. Tourism is a major contributor to the economy.
Jamaica is a constitutional monarchy with two legislative houses - the Senate (211 members) and the House of Representatives (63 members). The head of state is the British monarch, represented by the Governor-General, while the Head of Government is the Prime Minister.
This tropical paradise is a beautiful and diverse destination that is sure to delight any traveler.