is a country in southern Asia that covers an area of 56,827 square miles (147,181 square kilometers). It has an estimated population of 29,641,000 people in 2023, with the majority being Nepalese of Indo-European ancestry. Additionally, there is a significant minority of Tibeto-Nepalese peoples. The official language is Nepali, and other languages such as English are also spoken. Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam are the main religions practiced in Nepal, and the currency is the Nepalese rupee.
The landscape of Nepal consists largely of rugged mountainous terrain, including the Great Himalayas, which includes Mount Everest. Due to its geographic isolation, it is one of the world’s least-developed countries and its market economy mainly relies on agriculture and livestock raising. Tourism is also an important industry.
Nepal is officially known as the Kingdom of Nepal and the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. Its capital city is Kathmandu and the currency exchange rate is 1USD equals 131.479 Nepalese rupee. The form of government is a federal multiparty republic and it has two legislative houses: the National Assembly (59 members) and the House of Representatives (275 members).
According to 2022 population rankings, Nepal is the 50th most populous country in the world. It is projected that the population will reach 32,719,000 by 2030. In 2018, 80.3% of people lived in rural areas, while 19.7% lived in urban areas. The life expectancy at birth for males in 2019 was 70.8 years and 72.3 years for females. The literacy rate for persons aged 15 and over is 81% for males and 63% for females. The Gross National Income (GNI) in 2020 was 34,728 U.S. dollars, equating to a GNI per capita of 1,190 U.S. dollars.