Abuja, located within the Federal Capital Territory of Abuja, is the capital city of Nigeria and one of its most populated cities. Abuja is a planned city, and as of the 1980s, it had made tremendous growth, which was witnessed more between the years 2000 and 2010 when it grew for more than a hundred percent. This has made Abuja one of the fastest-growing cities in the world, according to the United Nations. Today, Abuja remains the fastest growing city in Africa, with its metropolitan region coming only second after Lagos, population-wise. The iconic Aso Rock monolith is the most significant definition of Abuja's geography, standing one thousand three hundred feet tall, with a peak that shoots up nine hundred and thirty-six meters high. Much of the significant buildings in the city have been built around the rock, including the National Assembly buildings, the Supreme Court of Nigeria buildings, and the Aso Villa, which is also the Presidential Complex of Nigeria. The outskirts of the city are also home to yet another monolith, the mighty Zuma Rock. The rock has a spectacular view, rising at approximately two thousand, five hundred and ninety-eight feet! Considered the gateway into Abuja because of its location on a major highway, the Zuma Rock has been depicted on Nigerian currency as one of its major landmarks. The National Arboretum and the Millennium Park are the largest natural parks in Abuja, complete with stunning natural environments, beautiful floral gardens, and well-manicured fields and gardens along the ever-scenic Wupa River. The Nigerian National mosque stands out with its massive dome and very tall minarets as one of the significant landmarks of the city. The Nigerian National Christian Center also features a unique monument in Abuja, complete with its utterly tall modern spire.
Abuja experiences a tropical wet and dry climate of Köppen Aw, usually impacted heavily by the dominant harmattan winds. The weather is mainly characterized by high-temperature ranges throughout the year, a dry season, and a rainy season. Between May and October, Abuja receives high rainfall amounting to approximately 1,136mm (5.4") across an average of fourteen and a half rainy days. The temperature remains high during the days at 30.5°C (86.9°F) before dipping to 19.3°C (66.7°F) during the nights. The dry season sets in from November through April, and the days are blisteringly hot and almost unbearable. The temperature reads highs of 36.3°C (97.3°F) and lows of 25.3°C (77.5°F)! The rainfall is so scanty it only accumulates to 86.7mm (3.4"). The inland location of Abuja is the significant cause of the extremely high diurnal temperature variations as compared to the other coastal cities within the same climate type. Abuja is a lovely city to visit any time during the year, seeing that it has pleasant, tropical weather, and numerous events spread out across the year. However, the peak of the travel season sets in between October and November, as well as between April and May. These periods are devoid of both the extremely high rainfall and the scorching summer heat that is renowned for its intense, blistering heat. The main cultural event in Abuja is the Nigerian National Carnival in November, which is marked by beautiful parades, performance shows, and music concerts featuring Nigerian Music on significant spots in the city.