is a country located in southern Asia, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The total area of the country is 796,096 sq km (307,374 sq mi) and it has an estimated population of 232,690,000 people for the year 2023. Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan.
The population of Pakistan is made up of many different indigenous peoples who have been influenced by various waves of migrations from Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Pashtuns, Mughals, and Arabs. Urdu is the national language, while English, Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, and Balochi are also widely spoken. The official religion of the country is Islam (predominantly Sunni).
Pakistan can be divided into four main regions: the northern mountains, the Balochistan Plateau, the Indus Plain, and the desert areas. There are some of the highest peaks in the world located in the Himalayan and Trans-Himalayan ranges in the northern part of the country, such as K2 and Nanga Parbat.
Pakistan has a developing mixed economy which is mainly based on agriculture, light industries, and services. Remittances from Pakistani citizens working abroad are an important source of foreign exchange for the country.
Pakistan is a federal republic with two legislative houses: the Senate (104 members) and the National Assembly (342 members). The head of state is the president, while the head of government is the prime minister.
In terms of currency exchange rate, 1 USD equals 272.342 Pakistani rupees. The population rank of the country in 2022 was 5, and it is estimated to reach 242,564,000 people by 2030. The density of persons per square kilometers is 292.3, while the density of persons per square miles is 757. The percentage of urban population is 36.4%, while the percentage of rural population is 63.6%. The life expectancy at birth for males is 67.7 years, while it is 68.7 years for females. The literacy rate among those aged 15 and over is 69% for males and 46% for females. The Gross National Income (GNI) of Pakistan in 2020 was 282,910 US dollars, while the GNI per capita was 1,280 US dollars.