, officially known as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, is an unincorporated self-governing island located in the Caribbean Sea. It has a special relationship with the United States and is closely associated with it. This island of 3,435 square miles (8,897 sq km) houses an estimated population of 3,228,000 people in 2023.
The capital and largest city is San Juan, where most of the inhabitants are descendants of Spanish immigrants and have a Roman Catholic background. Other minority populations include African and mixed (African-European) descent. Both English and Spanish are the official languages here.
The island is divided into three geographic regions: the mountainous interior, the northern plateau, and the coastal plains. The economy depends mainly on manufacturing, financial services, international trade (mostly with the US), and tourism. The US President serves as the head of state and the governor of the commonwealth is the head of government.
The currency in circulation is the US dollar, with the exchange rate being 1 US dollar to 0.926 euro. As of 2022, its population rank is 135. The population projection for 2030 is 3,226,000, with a density of 939.7 persons per square mile (362.8 persons per square km). Around 93.6% of the total population resides in urban areas, while 6.4% live in rural areas. The life expectancy at birth is 77.8 years for males and 84.6 years for females. The gross national income (GNI) in 2020 was 69,454 U.S.$ thousand million, which is equivalent to 21,740 U.S.$ per capita.
Puerto Rico is a self-governing commonwealth in association with the United States, which has two legislative houses - the Senate with 271 members and the House of Representatives with 51 members.