is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
, as well as its most populated municipal region. It is among the largest cities of the United States and remains an unincorporated territory of the US.
San Juan has a convenient location on the northeastern coast of Puerto Rico, to the south of the Atlantic Ocean. Its geographical location falls to the north of Caguas and Trujillo Alto, to the west of Carolina, and the east of Guaynabo. San Juan has two beautiful natural lagoons; San Jose and Condado. Its main water bodies are the two lagoons and the San Juan Bay.
San Juan was established in 1521, making one of the oldest capital cities in the Americas established by the Europeans. As such, its cityscape is crowned with numerous historical buildings, ancient structures, and notable old-era spots. The fort of San Felipe del Morro, La Fortaleza, and that of San Cristobal make the top of the most significant forts of the city.
Today, San Juan remains the most important seaport of Puerto Rico, as well as its financial, cultural, and tourism hub.
In 2017, San Juan was hit by Hurricane Maria, a severe phenomenon that left the city severely damaged extensively. Since then, there has been a notable rebuilding of the city, and significant recovery progress has been recorded.
Sweeping panoramic views of the city can be achieved from the high spots on the mighty El Morro and La Fortaleza fortresses. The Paseo de la Princesa waterfront promenade offers more scenic views of downtown San Juan and is one of the most frequented spots by visitors.
Outdoors fun is possible in the vast beach spots around the city, especially during the peak tourist periods. The Isla Verde is one of the longest strips of resorts and beach homes. It is home to a large number of hotels, restaurants, and eating joints, not forgetting many souvenirs and shopping malls and stalls. This is also where San Juan's nightlife is the most vibrant, thanks to its many casinos, bars, clubs, and discotheques.
San Juan experiences a tropical monsoon climate according to the Köppen climatic classification. The general characteristic of this weather is a relatively steady temperature recording across the year, with a slight drop in the rainier months. There is an even distribution of rainfall across the year, with much of the showers being received between July
, which also happens to be the hurricane season.
The annual temperature averages highs of 86.5°F (30.3°C) and lows of 75.6°F (24.2°C), with a daily mean temperature of 81.5°F (27.5°C) throughout the year. There are hotter days when the mercury expands to 95.4°F (35.2°C) and colder days when it drops to 66.7°F (19.3°C).
Much of the yearly rainfall is received between August
and November. The rainiest month is November, with 6.3" (160mm) in precipitation on average.
The peak of San Juan's travel period is between December
and July. This period has great outdoors weather on top of being the hurricane season. Most of the days receive minimal rainfall, and touring the city goes on uninterrupted and without fear of any weather-related hazards.
The San Sebastian Street Festival in January
is one of the most commonly attended events. It brings to the city many open-air concert parties, music shows, food parties, and numerous exhibitions from local artists. And then on varying dates between February
, the Festival Casals brings classical music to San Juan in memory of cellist Pablo Casals.