Valencia is the capital city of the autonomous community of Valencia and is Spain's third-largest city after Barcelona and Madrid. Valencia's metropolitan region is third in size in Spain and has been ranked a Beta-global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Its cityscape is a blend of modern architecture and a touch of ultra-ancient designs, resulting in a unique style of building in the city. Valencia was established back in 138 BC as a colony of the Romans, and has beaten all the odds to grow into the standard it is in today. This is one of the reasons for its vast diversity in traditions and other cultural aspects. Today, Valencia is a vital economic, educational, cultural, and tourist hub in Spain. It has also since been declared an intangible cultural heritage center by UNESCO. Valencia sits on a beautiful location on the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula, in proximity to the Gulf of Valencia, on the Turia River, along the Mediterranean Sea. The city is home to beautiful historical centers, complete with ancient monuments, heritage sites, and cultural attractions. Its outskirts are scenic and magnificent, complete with greenery and numerous water streams, lakes, lagoons, and rivers. Attractions in Valencia range from attractive beaches to outstanding building landmarks. The holy chalice built as early the 1st century within the Valencia Cathedral is one of the attraction spots and the iconic city gate, which is a former prison, too. Numerous parks and natural gardens plus zoos around Valencia offer visitors with more outdoor activities and family-themed fun, including biking, hiking, horse riding, among others.
Valencia experiences a subtropical Mediterranean climate of Köppen classification Csa. The main characteristics of its weather are long, hot, dry, and humid summers and short, mild, and pleasant winters. The annual average temperature reads highs of 23.5°C (74.3°F) and lows of 13.1°C (55.6°F). The coldest month is usually January, and it has the night temperature dropping to 5°C (41°F) or below, periodically. August, on the other hand, is the warmest month, and its temperature can rise as high as 34°C (93.2°F) during the hottest day but drop to 23°C (73.4°F) at night. Rainfall might be more common during autumn, albeit in minimal amounts. Touring the city is possible throughout. The city of Valencia is tour-able at any point during the year, owing to its amazing moderately mild weather. Extreme winter and summer weather is rare, and even rainfall is reasonably low; basically, there are minimal weather-related hazards. The peak of the travel period peaks in spring and summer, between March and August. The weather during these seasons remains warm and pleasant, and most days are moderately dry, not forgetting the unique beauty and fresh scents emitted during the spring blossom season. Some of the popular local events are inclusive of the holy week or Semana Santa that is usually held on varying dates according to the Easter calendar. Religious processions and parades are held, and endless feasting is common in a bid to celebrate the religion of its people. Another event is the popular Fallas Festival held in March, in commemoration of the life and works of Saint Joseph. Grand parades, street parties, colorful costume parties, as well as bonfires, are some of the activities during this event.