Climate and monthly weather forecast
El Obeid, Sudan


The climate of El Obeid

El Obeid, geographically positioned in Sudan, bears the characteristics of a BWh climate according to the Köppen climate classification. This indicates a predominant subtropical desert climate, with weather patterns typically indicating high temperatures, scarce rainfall, and relatively low humidity.

Throughout the year, the daytime temperatures fluctuate between a high of 39.4°C (102.9°F) in May to a low of 29.9°C (85.8°F) in January. Nights also show a considerable range with temperatures varying from a comfortable 24.6°C (76.3°F) in May to a cooler 13.5°C (56.3°F) in January. Relative humidity oscillates from a low of 14% (April and May) to a peak of 68% in August, providing an indication of evaporation levels impacting the overall dryness or saturation of the air.

Rainfall in El Obeid is significantly sparse, reaching a zenith of 111mm (4.37") in August, but an aggregate of no rainfall is observed from January to March. Similarly, the count of rainfall days per month follows a similar pattern, escalating to maximum 9.7 days in August, while zero precipitation days are recorded from January to March.

Sunlight exposure and the consequent daylight hours influence the weather patterns in El Obeid. The city experiences the longest daylight of 12.9 hours in June and the remarkable high sunshine duration of 10.5 hours in November and December.

The best time to visit El Obeid

Taking into consideration the predominantly warm climate and limited rainfall, the best time to visit El Obeid would be from November to March. During these months, the city experiences the most manageable temperatures, fluctuating from a comfortable 29.9°C (85.8°F) to 38.6°C (101.5°F) during the day and a cooler 13.5°C (56.3°F) to 21.9°C (71.4°F) at night. Moreover, the precipitation levels are minimal and the daylight lasts from 11.4 hours to 12.4 hours, along with relatively high sunshine duration ranging from 10.3 hours to 10.5 hours.

The worst time to visit El Obeid

The period from June to September may prove an uncomfortable experience for travellers owing to excessive heat and increased rainfall. During these months, daytime temperatures spiral to a high varying from 37.5°C (99.5°F) to 39.4°C (102.9°F) while nights remain hot with temperatures loitering around 24.5°C (76.1°F) to 24.6°C (76.3°F). Combined with the highest humidity level of up to 68%, this creates a climate that many may find stifling. These months also witness a maximum rainfall, up to 111mm (4.37") in August, significantly higher relative to other months.

Spring weather in El Obeid

Spring months in El Obeid, from March to May, showcase rising temperatures ranging from 35.7°C (96.3°F) to 39.4°C (102.9°F) during the days. This escalation is also visible in the nighttime, with temperatures meandering from 19.1°C (66.4°F) to 24.6°C (76.3°F). Relative humidity witnesses a declining trend, dropping as low as 14%. While March sees negligible rain, some rainfall appears in April and May with 0mm (0") and 8mm (0.31") respectively.

Summer weather in El Obeid

The Summer heat in El Obeid, from June to August, can be quite fierce with the daytime temperatures reaching up to 37.5°C (99.5°F) in June and 33.9°C (93°F) in August. The nights are not much cooler with temperatures consistently above 22.4°C (72.3°F). This period marks the rainy season with an outpour of 23mm (0.91") to 111mm (4.37") of rainfall and average daylight duration of approximately 12.8 hours.

Autumn weather in El Obeid

Autumn, observed from September through November in El Obeid, introduces a lowering of temperature with a daytime range of 32.7°C (90.9°F) to 36.4°C (97.5°F). Nights grow cooler, with temperatures drifting from 21.8°C (71.2°F) to 22.4°C (72.3°F). A significant decline in rainfall from 62mm (2.44") in September to a mere 0mm (0") in November is notable. The amount of sunshine increases, providing as much as 10.5 hours by November.

Winter weather in El Obeid

Winter in El Obeid spans December and January, with pleasant daytime temperatures oscillating from 29.9°C (85.8°F) to 30.5°C (86.9°F) and drop in night temperature between 13.5°C (56.3°F) and 14.1°C (57.4°F). It is also the driest period of the year, with absolutely no rainfall recorded. Despite the lower number of daylight hours, the amount of sunshine remains high at 10.5 hours.

Weather in January

January in El Obeid, Sudan sees a distinctive shift from cooler temperatures associated with winter. The average highs and lows indicate a modest temperature range for the month. The maximum experienced temperature, almost touching the 30°C (86°F) mark distinguishes the climatic conditions this time of year. Weather in January »

Weather in February

A noticeable temperature distinction defines February in El Obeid, Sudan as compared to January. The thermometers record an average high of 32.2°C (90°F), indicating a rise in temperature. The increase in temperature is harmonized by the amount of sunshine bathing the region, solidifying its tropic nature. Weather in February »

Weather in March

March in El Obeid assures the arrival of the warmer months, with a noticeable increase in temperature compared to February. A peak temperature of 35.7°C (96.3°F) heralds the beginning of the hot season in Sudan. This month starts to see slight climatic changes, with minimal rainfall breaking up the extended dry spell experienced since January. Weather in March »

Weather in April

The thermal mercury rises further in April, making it one of the warmer months in El Obeid. An average high temperature reaching up to 38.6°C (101.5°F) underscores the heat of April. Accompanied by extended daylight hours, the city offers a sunlit spectacle for sightseers albeit in scorching heat. Weather in April »

Weather in May

May is characterized by relentless heat in El Obeid, Sudan, with an average high temperature readout of 39.4°C (102.9°F). Despite the heat, May also witnesses essential climatic shifts. Rainfall begins to be a little more frequent compared to the preceding bone-dry months, marking a meaningful break in the weather pattern. Weather in May »

Weather in June

Comparatively, June in El Obeid is less severe than May where the maximum temperature dips a little. A relative humidity of 42% indicates a rise in moisture content in the air, providing some relief from the continuous dry spell so far. Weather in June »

Weather in July

July shifts the narrative in El Obeid weather-wise, with high rainfall recorded. With total rainfall reaching a significant 98mm (3.86"), a substantial climatic change occurs during this month. This brings a welcome change from the sweltering heat and initiates the wet season in El Obeid, Sudan. Weather in July »

Weather in August

August is characterized by a humid climate and continues with the momentum of the rainy season that kicks off in July. With rainfall reaching a peak at 111mm (4.37"), August holds the title for being the wettest month of the year. Weather in August »

Weather in September

September in El Obeid sees a lowering of rainfall frequency as compared to peak monsoon months. Yet, a sizeable 62mm (2.44") rainfall is recorded, underscoring the ongoing wet season. Despite the decrease in rainfall, humidity remains significantly high, extending the tropical feel. Weather in September »

Weather in October

October signifies a transitional phase in El Obeid, Sudan, marking the end of the rainy season. The significant drop in rainfall to just 15mm (0.59") emphasizes this transition. The days become predominantly sunny with extended hours of sunlight dominating the weather narrative, providing ample opportunity for outdoor pursuits. Weather in October »

Weather in November

November in El Obeid is considerably drier with only a slight touch of rainfall at 0mm (0"). As the city marches towards the colder months, temperatures begin to dip noticeably from October. The climate turns considerably drier, with lower humidity levels adding to the crispness of the environment. Weather in November »

Weather in December

December rings in the much-awaited relief from the high temperatures in El Obeid. The average high temperature settles at 30.5°C (86.9°F), well below the sweltering summer readings, bringing much-needed respite. Prairies and open spaces become more inviting to explore under the mellow sun. Weather in December »
Updated: Jan 31, 2024 | Published by: Weather Atlas | About Us / Weather Forecasting / Data Sources

Frequently asked questions

What part of the year is the coldest in El Obeid?

January is the coldest month of the year in El Obeid, registering average temperatures as high as 29.9°C (85.8°F) and as low as 13.5°C (56.3°F).

What is the driest month in El Obeid?

January, February and December are months without rainfall in El Obeid, Sudan.

How much does it rain in El Obeid?

Throughout the year, 318mm (12.52") of rain is accumulated.

What are the least humid months in El Obeid?

The months with the lowest humidity in El Obeid, Sudan, are March and April, with an average relative humidity of 14%.

When does it rain in El Obeid?

March through November are months with rainfall.

What is the hottest time of year in El Obeid?

El Obeid, Sudan, reaches its average highest temperatures in May, measuring 39.4°C (102.9°F) at the peak and 24.6°C (76.3°F) at the lowest.

When are the longest days in El Obeid?

June has the longest days of the year, with an average of 12h and 54min of daylight.

What are the months with the least sunshine in El Obeid?

July and August, with an average of 7.3h of sunshine, are months with the least sunshine in El Obeid, Sudan.

What is the most humid month in El Obeid?

With an average relative humidity of 68%, August is the most humid month in El Obeid.

What is the rainiest month in El Obeid?

August is the month with the most rainfall in El Obeid, Sudan. Rain falls for 9.7 days and accumulates 111mm (4.37") of precipitation.

What is the month with the most sunshine in El Obeid?

The months with the most sunshine are November and December, with an average of 10.5h of sunshine.

What is the month with the shortest days in El Obeid?

December has the shortest days of the year, with an average of 11h and 24min of daylight.

Is there Daylight Saving Time (DST) in El Obeid?

El Obeid does not observe Daylight Saving Time (DST). CAT timezone is used throughout the entire year.

Average temperature
El Obeid, Sudan

Average temperature - El Obeid, Sudan

The warmest month (with the highest average high temperature) is May (39.4°C).
The month with the lowest average high temperature is January (29.9°C).

The month with the highest average low temperature is May (24.6°C).
The coldest month (with the lowest average low temperature) is January (13.5°C).

Average humidity
El Obeid, Sudan

Average humidity - El Obeid, Sudan

The month with the highest relative humidity is August (68%).
The months with the lowest relative humidity are March and April (14%).

Average rainfall
El Obeid, Sudan

Average rainfall - El Obeid, Sudan

The wettest month (with the highest rainfall) is August (110.6mm).
The driest months (with the least rainfall) are January, February and December (0mm).

Average rainfall days
El Obeid, Sudan

Average rainfall days - El Obeid, Sudan

The month with the highest number of rainy days is August (9.7 days).
The months with the least rainy days are January, February and December (0 days).

Average daylight / Average sunshine
El Obeid, Sudan

Average daylight / Average sunshine - El Obeid, Sudan

The month with the longest days is June (Average daylight: 12h and 54min).
The month with the shortest days is December (Average daylight: 11h and 24min).

The months with the most sunshine are November and December (Average sunshine: 10h and 30min).
The months with the least sunshine are July and August (Average sunshine: 7h and 18min).

El Obeid, Sudan

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