Climate and monthly weather forecast
Svalbard and Jan Mayen

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Flag of Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Flag of Svalbard and Jan Mayen

The climate of Svalbard and Jan Mayen

The territories of Svalbard and Jan Mayen, though falling under one administrative unit of Norway, are geographically distinct. Svalbard is an archipelago situated in the Arctic Ocean, north of mainland Europe, and approximately midway between Norway and the North Pole. Jan Mayen, on the other hand, is a remote volcanic island located in the North Atlantic Ocean, between Iceland and Norway. Their respective locations contribute to differing weather conditions.

The overall weather of Svalbard and Jan Mayen is characterized by the Tundra climate, marked by cold temperatures and short summers. In Svalbard, average annual temperatures can plummet to -5.5°C (22.1°F), with winters being particularly harsh. Jan Mayen sees a slightly milder climate, with average annual temperatures rising to 1.5°C (34.7°F), attributable to its relative proximity to the Gulf Stream. The territories experience extended periods of daylight and darkness, known as the Midnight Sun and Polar Night, which significantly impact the weather patterns. Precipitation is relatively low but can fall as snow for up to eight months of the year. The climate of Svalbard and Jan Mayen »

The Best Time to Visit Svalbard and Jan Mayen

The optimal time to visit Svalbard and Jan Mayen is primarily dictated by the activities visitors are interested in. The short summer months, particularly July and August, are ideal for exploring the tundra wilderness and wildlife. Daylight lasts 24 hours due to the Midnight Sun phenomenon, offering ample time for activities such as hiking, bird watching, or glacier tours. During this period, temperatures hover around 3°C (37.4°F) to 7°C (44.6°F), offering relatively mild conditions. However, one should still pack appropriately for the unpredictable weather that could include rain or snow. The Best Time to Visit Svalbard and Jan Mayen »

The Worst Time to Visit Svalbard and Jan Mayen

The winter months, particularly from November to February, can be particularly challenging for visitors due to extreme cold and darkness. Temperatures can plunge to as low as -30°C (-22°F) in Svalbard, while Jan Mayen experiences slightly milder but still freezing temperatures. The sun does not rise above the horizon for several weeks, a period known as the Polar Night. Travel can be dangerous during these months due to severe weather conditions, and many activities are not available. However, this is also the best time to witness the Northern Lights, a spectacle unique to these polar regions. The Worst Time to Visit Svalbard and Jan Mayen »

Spring Weather in Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Spring, occurring from April to June, is characterized by a gradual transition from the harsh Polar Night to the extended daylight of the Midnight Sun. Snow covers the landscape until late May or early June, with temperatures beginning to rise from their winter lows. The average temperature range during spring is from -15°C (5°F) to -5°C (23°F) in Svalbard and from -2°C (28.4°F) to 2°C (35.6°F) in Jan Mayen. As daylight increases, wildlife activity also intensifies, making it an exciting time for animal and bird watching. Spring Weather in Svalbard and Jan Mayen »

Summer Weather in Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Summer in Svalbard and Jan Mayen lasts from late June to early September. During these months, the territories experience 24 hours of daylight due to the Midnight Sun. Temperatures typically range from 3°C (37.4°F) to 7°C (44.6°F) in Svalbard and from 5°C (41°F) to 9°C (48.2°F) in Jan Mayen. Though brief, the summer allows the tundra to bloom with mosses, lichens, and some flowering plants. It is also the prime season for wildlife watching, with species such as the polar bear, Arctic fox, and various seabirds most active. Summer Weather in Svalbard and Jan Mayen »

Autumn Weather in Svalbard and Jan Mayen[/

Autumn, from late September to November, is characterized by quickly dropping temperatures and diminishing daylight hours. Average temperatures range from -2°C (28.4°F) to -8°C (17.6°F) in Svalbard and 0°C (32°F) to 4°C (39.2°F) in Jan Mayen. This period is known as the Polar Twilight, with the sun staying below the horizon, and only a faint glow of daylight seen at midday. The landscape begins to be covered by snow again, and many of the summer-active wildlife species begin their winter dormancy. Autumn Weather in Svalbard and Jan Mayen[/ »

Winter Weather in Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Winter in Svalbard and Jan Mayen lasts from December to March and is marked by severe cold and extended darkness, the Polar Night. Average temperatures in Svalbard can fall to -30°C (-22°F), while in Jan Mayen, they hover around -5°C (23°F). The sun does not rise above the horizon, creating a constant state of twilight or darkness. The weather can be extreme with strong winds and snowstorms. Despite these harsh conditions, winter is the perfect time to experience the unique phenomenon of the Northern Lights, provided one is adequately prepared for the freezing temperatures. Winter Weather in Svalbard and Jan Mayen »

Weather in January

January is the heart of the Polar Night season in both Svalbard and Jan Mayen, characterized by extended darkness, severe cold, and a quieting of wildlife activity. In Svalbard, it is the coldest month of the year, with average temperatures descending to -20°C (-4°F). Weather in January »

Weather in February

February is the last full month of the Polar Night season in both Svalbard and Jan Mayen. The chill of the winter season is still very present, though daylight starts to return gradually as the month progresses, heralding the upcoming transition to spring. In Svalbard, February is still very much within the grip of winter, with average temperatures languishing around -16°C (3.2°F). Weather in February »

Weather in March

March marks the advent of spring in Svalbard and Jan Mayen, yet winter's grip still remains strong. It is the beginning of a transitional period, as daylight hours start to extend significantly while temperatures remain low. In Svalbard, average temperatures in March remain chilly, at -14°C (6.8°F), yet are marginally warmer than the deep winter months. Weather in March »

Weather in April

April in Svalbard and Jan Mayen signifies the thick of the spring season, with winter slowly receding. Daylight hours continue to increase, bringing with them a rise in temperatures, though still on the colder side. In Svalbard, April's average temperatures begin to climb, reaching around -7°C (19.4°F). Weather in April »

Weather in May

May is a time of significant transition in Svalbard and Jan Mayen, signaling the arrival of the brief yet profound Arctic summer. Daylight hours continue to expand until they eventually span the entire 24-hour period, and temperatures continue their slow climb. In Svalbard, May's average temperatures continue to rise, reaching around -2°C (28.4°F). Weather in May »

Weather in June

June in Svalbard and Jan Mayen heralds the peak of the short Arctic summer. The Midnight Sun dominates the skies, providing 24-hour daylight, and temperatures reach their annual high, although they remain relatively cool by global standards. In Svalbard, average temperatures in June range from 2°C (35.6°F) to 6°C (42.8°F). Weather in June »

Weather in July

July stands as the height of summer in Svalbard and Jan Mayen, featuring the warmest temperatures of the year and constant daylight due to the ongoing Midnight Sun phenomenon. In Svalbard, July's average temperatures range from 5°C (41°F) to 8°C (46.4°F), making it the warmest month of the year. Weather in July »

Weather in August

August in Svalbard and Jan Mayen signifies the onset of the brief Arctic autumn. Temperatures begin to descend from their summer peak, and daylight hours start to decrease, albeit remaining lengthy due to the receding Midnight Sun. In Svalbard, August's average temperatures range between 3°C (37.4°F) and 7°C (44.6°F). Weather in August »

Weather in September

September signifies the peak of the short Arctic autumn in Svalbard and Jan Mayen, marked by a notable drop in temperatures and daylight hours. In Svalbard, September's average temperatures range between 0°C (32°F) and 4°C (39.2°F). Weather in September »

Weather in October

October in Svalbard and Jan Mayen heralds the onset of the long Arctic winter. Temperatures fall considerably, daylight hours decrease rapidly, and the first substantial snowfall of the season typically occurs. In Svalbard, October's average temperatures range between -4°C (24.8°F) and 0°C (32°F). Weather in October »

Weather in November

November in Svalbard and Jan Mayen brings the full force of the Arctic winter. Temperatures continue their downward trajectory, daylight hours dwindle towards the Polar Night, and substantial snowfall becomes the norm. In Svalbard, November's average temperatures range from -8°C (17.6°F) to -4°C (24.8°F). Weather in November »

Weather in December

December in Svalbard and Jan Mayen brings the harshest conditions of the Arctic winter, featuring the coldest temperatures of the year and the complete darkness of the Polar Night. In Svalbard, December's average temperatures range from -12°C (10.4°F) to -8°C (17.6°F). Weather in December »
Updated: May 24, 2024 | Published by: Weather Atlas | About Us / Weather Forecasting / Data Sources

Svalbard and Jan Mayen

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